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The Respiratory System

The Respiratory System

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The Respiratory System

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  1. The Respiratory System Anatomy and Histology Lung Function Gas Exchange Ventilation Grab Bag $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 FINAL ROUND

  2. Anatomy and Histology: $100 Question • This partition divides the nasal cavity into right and left parts: • a. hard palate • b. nasal septum • c. nasal conchae • d. vestibule ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  3. Anatomy and Histology: $100 Answer • This partition divides the nasal cavity into right and left parts: • a. hard palate • b. nasal septum • c. nasal conchae • d. vestibule BACK TO GAME

  4. Anatomy and Histology: $200 Question • This is the largest cartilage in the larynx: • a. arytenoid cartilage • b. cricoid cartilage • c. corniculate cartilage • d. cuneiform cartilage • e. thyroid cartilage ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  5. Anatomy and Histology: $200 Answer • This is the largest cartilage in the larynx: • a. arytenoid cartilage • b. cricoid cartilage • c. corniculate cartilage • d. cuneiform cartilage • e. thyroid cartilage BACK TO GAME

  6. Anatomy and Histology: $300 Question • Besides lubricating the visceral and parietal pleura, pleural fluid also has this function: • a. holds the visceral and parietal pleural membranes together • b. prevents the lungs from overinflating • c. increases diffusion rates in the lungs • d. helps fill the pleural cavity ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  7. Anatomy and Histology: $300 Answer • Besides lubricating the visceral and parietal pleura, pleural fluid also has this function: • a. holds the visceral and parietal pleural membranes together • b. prevents the lungs from overinflating • c. increases diffusion rates in the lungs • d. helps fill the pleural cavity BACK TO GAME

  8. Anatomy and Histology: $400 Question • This is lined by pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium: • a. vestibule • b. nasopharynx • c. oropharynx • d. laryngopharynx ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  9. Anatomy and Histology: $400 Answer • This is lined by pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium: • a. vestibule • b. nasopharynx • c. oropharynx • d. laryngopharynx BACK TO GAME

  10. Anatomy and Histology: $500 Question • Arrange the following structures in the correct order as air passes through them traveling from the bronchi:1. alveolar duct2. alveolus3. respiratory bronchiole4. terminal bronchiole • a. 2,3,4,1 c. 3,1,2,4 • b. 3,4,1,2 d. 4,3,1,2 ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  11. Anatomy and Histology: $500 Answer • Arrange the following structures in the correct order as air passes through them traveling from the bronchi:1. alveolar duct2. alveolus3. respiratory bronchiole4. terminal bronchiole • a. 2,3,4,1 c. 3,1,2,4 • b. 3,4,1,2 d. 4,3,1,2 BACK TO GAME

  12. Ventilation: $100 Question • According to Boyle’s law, as volume increases, pressure increases and as volume decreases, pressure decreases. • True/False ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  13. Ventilation: $100 Answer • According to Boyle’s law, as volume increases, pressure increases and as volume decreases, pressure decreases. • True/False BACK TO GAME

  14. Ventilation: $200 Question • During the process of expiration, the alveolar pressure is this: • a. greater than the pleural pressure • b. greater than the barometric pressure • c. less than the barometric pressure • d. unchanged ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  15. Ventilation: $200 Answer • During the process of expiration, the alveolar pressure is this: • a. greater than the pleural pressure • b. greater than the barometric pressure • c. less than the barometric pressure • d. unchanged BACK TO GAME

  16. Ventilation: $300 Question • Using the following formula:F= P1-P2 / RIn an asthma attack, you would expect the airflow (F) to do this: • a. increase • b. decrease • c. not change • d. stop ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  17. Ventilation: $300 Answer • Using the following formula:F= P1-P2 / RIn an asthma attack, you would expect the airflow (F) to do this: • a. increase • b. decrease • c. not change • d. stop BACK TO GAME

  18. Ventilation: $400 Question • As a result of a pneumothorax, air in the pleural cavity, the lungs tend to • a. be less elastic and you cannot exhale • b. over inflate • c. collapse • d. increase the surface tension in the fluid lining the alveoli ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  19. Ventilation: $400 Answer • As a result of a pneumothorax, air in the pleural cavity, the lungs tend to • a. be less elastic and you cannot exhale • b. over inflate • c. collapse • d. increase the surface tension in the fluid lining the alveoli BACK TO GAME

  20. Ventilation: $500 Question • This best describes the function of surfactant: • a. increases the compliance of the lungs • b. decreases the surface tension of the fluid that lines the alveoli • c. decreases the elasticity of the elastic fibers in the alveolar walls • d. increases the ability of hemoglobin to bind to oxygen ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  21. Ventilation: $500 Answer • This best describes the function of surfactant: • a. increases the compliance of the lungs • b. decreases the surface tension of the fluid that lines the alveoli • c. decreases the elasticity of the elastic fibers in the alveolar walls • d. increases the ability of hemoglobin to bind to oxygen BACK TO GAME

  22. Lung Function: $100 Question • If compliance increases, lung expansion is: • a. easier • b. more difficult • c. unaffected ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  23. Lung Function: $100 Answer • If compliance increases, lung expansion is: • a. easier • b. more difficult • c. unaffected BACK TO GAME

  24. Lung Function: $200 Question • This lung volumes/capacities is the largest: • a. expiratory reserve volume • b. inspiratory reserve volume • c. residual volume • d. tidal volume • e. vital capacity ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  25. Lung Function: $200 Answer • This lung volumes/capacities is the largest: • a. expiratory reserve volume • b. inspiratory reserve volume • c. residual volume • d. tidal volume • e. vital capacity BACK TO GAME

  26. Lung Function: $300 Question • This volume of air is available for gas exchange each minute: • a. minute ventilation • b. anatomical dead air space • c. physiological dead air space • d. alveolar ventilation • e. total lung capacity ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  27. Lung Function: $300 Answer • This volume of air is available for gas exchange each minute: • a. minute ventilation • b. anatomical dead air space • c. physiological dead air space • d. alveolar ventilation • e. total lung capacity BACK TO GAME

  28. Lung Function: $400 Question • You are exercising doing aerobics or a stair climber at your fitness center. As you increase to a high intensity of exercise, you would expect the tidal volume to ______________ and the frequency of respiration to _____________. • a. decrease, increase • b. increase, increase • c. stay the same, increase • d. increase, decrease ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  29. Lung Function: $400 Answer • You are exercising doing aerobics or a stair climber at your fitness center. As you increase to a high intensity of exercise, you would expect the tidal volume to ______________ and the frequency of respiration to _____________. • a. decrease, increase • b. increase, increase • c. stay the same, increase • d. increase, decrease BACK TO GAME

  30. Lung Function: $500 Question • Given these lung volumes:1. tidal volume = 500 mL2. residual volume = 1000 mL3. inspiratory reserve volume = 2500 mL4. expiratory reserve volume = 1000 mL5. dead space = 1000 mLThis is the vital capacity: • a. 3000 mL c. 4000 mL • b. 3500 mL d. 5000 mL ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  31. Lung Function: $500 Answer • Given these lung volumes:1. tidal volume = 500 mL2. residual volume = 1000 mL3. inspiratory reserve volume = 2500 mL4. expiratory reserve volume = 1000 mL5. dead space = 1000 mLThis is the vital capacity: • a. 3000 mL c. 4000 mL • b. 3500 mL d. 5000 mL BACK TO GAME

  32. Gas Exchange:$100 Question • The partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) is normally the greatest in this area: • a. inspired air • b. alveolar air • c. expired air • d. pulmonary capillaries • e. tissue capillaries ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  33. Gas Exchange:$100 Answer • The partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) is normally the greatest in this area: • a. inspired air • b. alveolar air • c. expired air • d. pulmonary capillaries • e. tissue capillaries BACK TO GAME

  34. Gas Exchange: $200 Question • If the total pressure of a gas is 700 mm Hg and its composition is 20% oxygen, 0.03% carbon dioxide, 75% nitrogen, and 5% water vapor, the partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) is this: • a. 15 mm Hg • b. 20 mm Hg • c. 105 mm Hg • d. 140 mm Hg ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  35. Gas Exchange: $200 Answer • If the total pressure of a gas is 700 mm Hg and its composition is 20% oxygen, 0.03% carbon dioxide, 75% nitrogen, and 5% water vapor, the partial pressure of oxygen (PO2) is this: • a. 15 mm Hg • b. 20 mm Hg • c. 105 mm Hg • d. 140 mm Hg BACK TO GAME

  36. Gas Exchange: $300 Question • This condition causes a decreased rate of diffusion through the respiratory membrane: • a. increased fluid in the lungs • b. decreased diffusion coefficient • c. decreased respiratory surface area • d. decreased partial pressure gradient • e. all of these ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  37. Gas Exchange: $300 Answer • This condition causes a decreased rate of diffusion through the respiratory membrane: • a. increased fluid in the lungs • b. decreased diffusion coefficient • c. decreased respiratory surface area • d. decreased partial pressure gradient • e. all of these BACK TO GAME

  38. Gas Exchange: $400 Question • This factor increases respiratory rate: • a. increased blood PCO2 • b. increased blood pH • c. increased blood PO2 • d. increased pH of cerebrospinal fluid • e. all of these ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  39. Gas Exchange: $400 Answer • This factor increases respiratory rate: • a. increased blood PCO2 • b. increased blood pH • c. increased blood PO2 • d. increased pH of cerebrospinal fluid • e. all of these BACK TO GAME

  40. Gas Exchange:$500 Question • When blood passes through the tissues, the hemoglobin in blood is better able to combine with carbon dioxide because of this: • a. Bohr effect • b. Haldane effect • c. chloride shift • d. Boyle effect • e. Dalton effect ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  41. Gas Exchange:$500 Answer • When blood passes through the tissues, the hemoglobin in blood is better able to combine with carbon dioxide because of this: • a. Bohr effect • b. Haldane effect • c. chloride shift • d. Boyle effect • e. Dalton effect BACK TO GAME

  42. Grab Bag:$100 Question • For inspiration during labored breathing, these muscles are NOT contracted: • a. diaphragm • b. external intercostal muscles • c. internal intercostal muscles • d. pectoralis minor muscles • e. sternocleidomastoid muscles ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  43. Grab Bag: $100 Answer • For inspiration during labored breathing, these muscles are NOT contracted: • a. diaphragm • b. external intercostal muscles • c. internal intercostal muscles • d. pectoralis minor muscles • e. sternocleidomastoid muscles BACK TO GAME

  44. Grab Bag: $200 Question • The membrane that lines the inner thoracic cavity wall, the superior surface of the diaphragm, and the mediastinum is this: • a. parietal pericardium • b. parietal pleura • c. visceral pericardium • d. visceral pleura ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  45. Grab Bag: $200 Answer • The membrane that lines the inner thoracic cavity wall, the superior surface of the diaphragm, and the mediastinum is this: • a. parietal pericardium • b. parietal pleura • c. visceral pericardium • d. visceral pleura BACK TO GAME

  46. Grab Bag: $300 Question • The dorsal and ventral respiratory groups make up the respiratory center and are located in this: • a. pons • b. medulla oblongata • c. mesencephalon • d. hypothalamus ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  47. Grab Bag: $300 Answer • The dorsal and ventral respiratory groups make up the respiratory center and are located in this: • a. pons • b. medulla oblongata • c. mesencephalon • d. hypothalamus BACK TO GAME

  48. Grab Bag: $400 Question • Strong emotions can sometimes stimulate hyperventilation. This is the best treatment for hyperventilation: • a. just let the person relax and normal breathing will resume • b. have the person breath into a bag • c. have the person increase his or her rate of breathing • d. give the person oxygen ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  49. Grab Bag: $400 Answer • Strong emotions can sometimes stimulate hyperventilation. This is the best treatment for hyperventilation: • a. just let the person relax and normal breathing will resume • b. have the person breath into a bag • c. have the person increase his or her rate of breathing • d. give the person oxygen BACK TO GAME

  50. Grab Bag: $500 Question • You went snorkeling for the first time and noticed that breathing through the tube was more labored than breathing without the tube. This caused the labored breathing: • a. increase in residual volume • b. decrease in vital capacity • c. increase in expiratory reserve volume • d. increase in dead air space ANSWER BACK TO GAME