“FEDERALIST ERA”. “A New Nation” -Washington -Adams. Answer These Questions ( 5 Minutes). NAME 10/5/09 Period __. From the RESEARCH TOPICS from FRIDAY Who was Washington’s Sec. of Treasury?
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“A New Nation”
NAME 10/5/09 Period __
From the RESEARCH TOPICS from FRIDAY
Ch.6 “A New Nation”
Will the Ex. Branch enforce the law?
Rich,Educated -High voting stand.
Strong Central Gov -some restrictions -bigger gov’t
Trade, Manuf., etc..
Government Direct -Gov’t aid -National Bank -Internal Taxes
Thomas Jefferson -Republican
Common people -low voting stand.
Weak Cent. Gov’t -individual rights -smaller gov’t
Individuals Create -NO gov’t aid -NO national bank -NO internal taxes
Bankers, merchants, professional people, wealthy farmers
New England & North Eastern States
Oppose French Revolution
should support England (War)
NATIONALISM Feelings & Sectionalism Growing -North East (NE, NY, NJ, Penn) -North West Frontier -South (New Territory)
Original 13 Colonies -New England -Middle -Southern
Definition: First decision by the Supreme Court to declare a law unconstitutional (1803).
At the very end of his term, President John Adams had made many federal appointments, including William Marbury as justice of the peace in D. C.
Thomas Jefferson, the new president, refused to recognize the appointment of Marbury.
The normal practice of making such appointments was to deliver a "commission," or notice, of appointment. This was normally done by the Secretary of State. Jefferson's Secretary of State at the time was James Madison.
At the direction of Jefferson, Madison refused to deliver Marbury's commission. Marbury sued Madison, and the Supreme Court took the case.
Chief Justice John Marshall wrote that the Judiciary Act of 1789, which spelled out the practice of delivering such commissions for judges and justices of the peace, was unconstitutional because it the gave the Supreme Court authority that was denied it by Article III of the Constitution. Thus, the Supreme Court said, the Judiciary Act of 1789 was illegal and not to be followed.
This was the first time the Supreme Court struck down a law because it was unconstitutional. It was the beginning of the practice of "judicial review."
British refuse to leave Great Lakes
We don’t pay our debts
1784 Spain closesMississippi River
HUGE DEBT($160 million)
Continental Congress borrowed from foreign nations
Congress & States sell BONDS to pay for war
States & Congress Printed money (worthless)
No taxes, or tariffs to PAY Debts
Debtors v. Lenders
High Taxes in states to pay back Debts
Paper Currency (print or not print more $)
NO National Unity
States Interests 1st over national interests/needs
Small states v. Large states powers/fears
NEW Northwest Lands (Who Gets What-How Much)
Lewis & Clark
War of 1812
Causes / Effects
Battle of New Orleans
Star Spangled Banner
National Identity Develops (how)
Rise of New York City
Development of National Infrastructure
Importance of the Monroe Doctrine
Era of Good FeelingsUnit 4 READING SHEETS* Read the First Section* Find & Read about these Topics in Text* Explain / Define the Topics
SHORT ESSAY CHOICES for Unit 3