The First Federal Elections Picking the first president The new Congress The Bill of Rights James Madison George Washington John Adams
Filling out the government Washington’s Cabinet John Jay: First Chief Justice (SCOTUS)
Partisanship without Parties The New Politician: mobilized voters and created political organizations Expansion of the Press Democratic-Republican Societies Cultural Politics PeterPorcupine Federalist William Cobbett “Peter Porcupine,” scribbles attacks and insults.” Republican political cartoon.
The French Revolution in America The revolution became symbol for both Republicans and Federalists Liberty andthe Guillotine
Jay’s Treaty, 1795 Treaty agreed to compensate America for cargoes sized in 1793-1794 and to vacate forts in the Northwest territory John Jay
Pinckney Treaty (1795): Secured America’s right to navigate the Mississippi River and use New Orleans (also settled boundary of Florida) Map of Spanish Interests in America
The Whiskey Rebellion Rebellion over Hamilton’s hated tax on Whiskey in 1794.
Washington’s Farewell Attacked the growing factions and partisanship Advised Americans steer clear of permanent alliances with foreign nations
The XYZ Affair and Quasi-War with France Quasi-War: An undeclared naval war with France from 1798-1800 XYZ Affair (1796): Three French officials demand bribe from Americans to begin negotiations
The Alien and Sedition Acts Alien Acts (3 separate laws): Increased government deportation powers/Made it harder to become a citizen Sedition Act: criminalized protesting the government/criminalized speech or expression criticizing the government or its actions.
The Election of 1800 Jefferson’s opponentsportrayed himas an atheist whodrew radical ideasfrom the FrenchRevolution. In thisimage the Americaneagle tries toprevent Jeffersonfrom throwing the Constitution into theflames emanatingfrom the altar ofGallic (French)despotism.