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The Federalist Era, 1789-1800 PowerPoint Presentation
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The Federalist Era, 1789-1800

The Federalist Era, 1789-1800

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The Federalist Era, 1789-1800

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Federalist Era, 1789-1800

  2. Launching the New Government

  3. The First Federal Elections Picking the first president The new Congress The Bill of Rights James Madison George Washington John Adams

  4. Filling out the government Washington’s Cabinet John Jay: First Chief Justice (SCOTUS)

  5. Alexander Hamilton’s Financial Program

  6. Political Views: Hamilton versus Jefferson

  7. Passionate Politics

  8. Partisanship without Parties The New Politician: mobilized voters and created political organizations Expansion of the Press Democratic-Republican Societies Cultural Politics PeterPorcupine Federalist William Cobbett “Peter Porcupine,” scribbles attacks and insults.” Republican political cartoon.

  9. Conflicts at Home and Abroad

  10. The French Revolution in America The revolution became symbol for both Republicans and Federalists Liberty andthe Guillotine

  11. Jay’s Treaty, 1795 Treaty agreed to compensate America for cargoes sized in 1793-1794 and to vacate forts in the Northwest territory John Jay

  12. Pinckney Treaty (1795): Secured America’s right to navigate the Mississippi River and use New Orleans (also settled boundary of Florida) Map of Spanish Interests in America

  13. The Whiskey Rebellion Rebellion over Hamilton’s hated tax on Whiskey in 1794.

  14. The Presidency of John Adams, 1796-1800

  15. Washington’s Farewell Attacked the growing factions and partisanship Advised Americans steer clear of permanent alliances with foreign nations

  16. Election of 1796

  17. The XYZ Affair and Quasi-War with France Quasi-War: An undeclared naval war with France from 1798-1800 XYZ Affair (1796): Three French officials demand bribe from Americans to begin negotiations

  18. The Alien and Sedition Acts Alien Acts (3 separate laws): Increased government deportation powers/Made it harder to become a citizen Sedition Act: criminalized protesting the government/criminalized speech or expression criticizing the government or its actions.

  19. The Election of 1800 Jefferson’s opponentsportrayed himas an atheist whodrew radical ideasfrom the FrenchRevolution. In thisimage the Americaneagle tries toprevent Jeffersonfrom throwing the Constitution into theflames emanatingfrom the altar ofGallic (French)despotism.