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The Digestive System Lab. During this lab you will come in contact with food and other lab equipment. You may NOT eat any of the food or misuse any of the digestive system lab equipment. For this lab, we are going to use different objects to represent different parts of the digestive system.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

During this lab you will come in contact with food and other lab equipment. You may NOT eat any of the food or misuse any of the digestive system lab equipment.

slide3

For this lab, we are going to use different objects to represent different parts of the digestive system.

Water = Saliva

Banana = Stomach enzymes

Cocoa Powder = Gallbladder bile

Cracker = Food

Plastic bag = Stomach

Cup w/paper towel= Large Intestine

Pantyhose = Small Intestine

slide4

The class will be split up into groups of 7 people. Get into your groups now!

Each person in the group will have a job to do.

Job

Teeth – pick up 2 crackers

Enzymes in saliva– pick up piece of banana

Saliva – fill beaker of water with 30 ml of water

Stomach – pick up Ziploc bag

Small intestine – pick up one pantyhose

Large intestine – pick up cup with paper towel

Gallbladder – pick up cocoa powder

newspaper
Newspaper
  • There is newspaper available to cover your table. Please make sure your table is covered before you start.
step 1
Step 1

Teeth – The person with the cracker – break your crackers into 4 pieces. Hold them in your hands and try not to get crumbs anywhere.

This is like chewing. Teeth are the first part of the digestive system. This is mechanical digestion.

step 2
Step 2

.We will skip over the esophagus and go straight from the mouth to the stomach.

-What does the esophagus do?

The person with the Ziploc bag – hold the bag as we go. You are the stomach. The person with the crackers, Put the cracker pieces into the Ziploc bag.

step 3
Step 3

The person with the water, pour a small amount of water into the bag.

-This is like the saliva from your mouth. The saliva adds taste and makes your food easier to swallow. It also has digestive enzymes.

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step 31
Step 3

The person with the banana put the piece of a banana into the bag.

-This is like the enzymes in your saliva that help break down the food.

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slide10

Step 5

The person with the cocoa powder, put a spoon full of cocoa powder into the bag.

-This is like the hydrochloric acid the stomach adds. This is chemical digestion.

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step 6
Step 6

The person with the Ziploc bag, squeeze out all the air and close the bag tightly.

-Make sure it is completely closed.

-If you leave air in there, it will be like what happens when you have gas.

step 7
Step 7

Pass the bag around so that each person gets a turn. Each person, smash the cracker, banana, water and cocoa powder together for a few minutes.

-This is like the churning that the stomach does. This is mechanical digestion.

  • Return the bag to its original owner.
step 8
Step 8

Get your stocking ready.

After your food is churned up, cut a very small hole in the bottom corner of the bag.

-You will need help for this!

step 9
Step 9
  • The person holding the Ziploc bag, pour the food from the stomach (bag) into the small intestine (stocking).
  • Watch as all the nutrients from your food goes through the wall of the small intestine.
  • These nutrients will now go to the rest of your body where it is needed.
  • The person holding the stocking, get help cutting a small hole in the bottom of your stocking.
step 10
Step 10

We will now squeeze the food from the small intestine (stocking) into the large intestine (cup).

Each person take a turn and squeeze the food down the stocking a small bit until it has made its way to the bottom with the hole.

. Make sure the cup stays on the tray.

step 11
Step 11

The cup has a paper towel in it to absorb the water just like the large intestine.

-The waste products—the parts of the food your body can’t use, will get packed together.

step 12
Step 12

Pretend the trash can is the toilet and dump the waste products in, representing the end of the digestion process.

time to clean up
Time to Clean up!

Throw away…

Ziploc bag

Pantyhose

Newspaper

Cup with hole

Paper towel

Keep …

Water beaker

Cocoa cup

Tray

Scissors

discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • What did adding the banana and water do?
  • What besides water seeps out of the small intestine (pantyhose)?
  • What organ did we not include in this lab?
  • What could we have used to represent that organ?