Main goal of the Digestive system: The main goal of the Digestive System is to breakdown food so that your body can use it!
Describe the digestive system The digestive tract is a series of hollow organs joined in a tube from the mouth to the anus. Accessory organs include the liver, gall bladder, and pancreas. Food does not pass through these organs.
Stop #1 Mouth Teeth bite off and chew food into a soft pulp that is easy to swallow. Chewing mixes the food with saliva, from salivary glands around the mouth and face, to make it moist and easy to swallow.
Mouth (cont’d)… Mechanical Digestion- physically changing the shape of food (through chewing and grinding) **this occurs in the mouth and the stomach Chemical Digestion- chemically changing the food by breaking it down using enzymes **this occurs in the mouth, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine.
Stop #2 Esophagus The esophagus is a muscular tube. It takes food from the throat and pushes it down through the neck, and into the stomach.
It moves food by waves of muscle contraction called peristalsis.
Stop #3 Stomach The stomach has thick muscles in its wall. These contract to mash the food into a water soup called chyme. The stomach lining produces strong digestive juices.
Stomach cont’d The stomach does not digest itself because it has a protective layer of mucus lining the walls.
Stop #4 Small Intestine This part of the digestive tract is narrow, but very long - about 20 feet. Enzymes continue the chemical reactions on the food by breaking the food down even further.
Small intestine contd’… The nutrients are broken down small enough to pass through the lining of the small intestine, and into the blood (diffusion). Villi- finger-like projections that line the walls of the small intestines. They increase the surface area for nutrient so be absorbed.
Stop #5 Large Intestine Substances that were not absorbed in the small intestine, such as spare water and minerals, are absorbed through the walls of the large intestine, back into the blood.
Large intestine cont’d… The remains are formed into solid feces, ready to be removed from the body. Importance of fiber. Bran.
Stop #6 and #7 Rectum and Anus The end of the large intestine, the rectum, stores the feces. Feces are finally released through the anus, and out of the body.
Accessory organs 3 Accessory organs: 1. Pancreas 2. Liver 3. Gall bladder
Accessory Organs Pancreas- The pancreas makes digestive juices called enzymes which help to digest food further as it enters the small intestines.
Liver-like a food-processing factory. Produces a digestive juice called bile Gall Bladder- A small baglike part under the liver. It stores bile.