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What is the Population Density of Gloeotrichia in Samples of Fernan Lake?. Teacher Inquiry by Cindy Rust and Rusti Kreider. Background Information:. We were going to also look at the uptake of CO2 of algae Probeware would not cooperate A good lesson

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what is the population density of gloeotrichia in samples of fernan lake

What is the Population Density of Gloeotrichia in Samples of Fernan Lake?

Teacher Inquiry by Cindy Rust and Rusti Kreider

background information
Background Information:
  • We were going to also look at the uptake of CO2 of algae
  • Probeware would not cooperate
  • A good lesson
  • Do you want to go through more work than kids will get out of it?
  • NO, so we abandoned that thought
background information1
Background Information:

We were looking for a simple and engaging lesson to blend population density with water quality monitoring.

background information2
Background Information:

According to wikipedia

(our students’ go to resource) population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume

It is a quantity of density

background information3
Background Information:

Gloeotrichia

Cell volume

2,826 µm^3 mean

Cell mass

439 pg mean

Trophic dependence

photoautotrophic

background information4
Background Information:

Classification:

Kingdom Monera

Phylum Cyanophycota blue-green algae, cyanophytes

Class Cyanophyceae

Order Nostocales

Family Rivulariaceae

Genus GloeotrichiaJg. Agardh Ex Bornet and Flah., 1886

Species G. echinulata (J. Smith) P. Richter

background information toxin microcystin lr hepatotoxin
Background Information:Toxin: microcystin-LR; hepatotoxin
  • Inhibitor of certain enzymes
  • Hepatic tumor promoter
  • Chronic exposure increases holes in liver cells
procedure
Procedure:
  • 3 sampling sites
  • at surface level only
  • filling a 500 mL bottle each site
  • refrigerate sample until time of use
  • Public dock boat launch west end, midlake, and submerged marsh (lilypads) east end.
quantifying cyanobacteria
Quantifying Cyanobacteria
  • Mark a grid using 1cm2 increments on the bottom of a plastic disposable petri dish
  • Gently invert the sample bottles to create even distribution
  • Sample from surface of bottle, mid bottle, and bottom of the bottle
  • Place 1 mL of sample in petri dish
  • Using a dissecting scope, count total Gloeotrichia sp. in the sample, focusing from top to bottom of water sample although most float.
  • Repeat three times and record data.
  • Using the average count from each sample, extrapolate to entire water sample
quantitative data
Quantitative Data

West end Public Boat Launch (Sample #1) Trial 1

0

West end Public Boat Launch (Sample #1) Trial 2

1

West end Public Boat Launch (Sample #1) Trial 3

8

quantitative data1
Quantitative Data

Midlake (#2) Trial 1

4

Midlake (#2) Trial 2

14

Midlake (#2) Trial 3

4

quantitative data2
Quantitative Data

Lilypads East end boat launch (#3) Trial 1

2

Lilypads East end boat launch (#3) Trial 2

3

Lilypads East end boat launch (#3) Trial 3

4

qualitative data
Qualitative Data

When examining the sample bottles, it was easily observed that the west end boat launch had less.

We found that sampling at the surface of the bottle produced higher loads of organisms as they tend to float and congregate at the surface.

new question emerged
New question emerged

Could disturbance such as human traffic cause the samples to be skewed because of forced dispersal?

ideas for classroom implementation
Ideas for Classroom Implementation
  • student data from these samplings should be shared collectively on a class data chart.
    • This would provide a more representative sampling of the bottle and a more reasonable extrapolation to the entire lake body.
  • Small groups defined by area of the lake with each member taking a turn counting.
    • This increases student exposure but may present a variable in counting technique so be clear in counting technique instructions.
resources
Resources
  • http://microbiology.usgs.gov/images/Gleotrichia531x400.jpg
  • http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=1300
  • http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10452-012-9409-9#page-2
  • http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/sigma/m2912?lang=en&region=US