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  1. Population

  2. Population The Demographer’s Toolbox Population Distribution and Structure Population Dynamics and Processes Population Movement and Migration Population Debates and Policies

  3. Population The Demographer’s Toolbox • Censuses and Vital Records; Census Limitations Population Distribution and Structure • Population Distribution, Density, and Consumption • Age-Sex Pyramids Population Dynamics and Processes • Birth, or Fertility, Rates; Death, or Mortality, Rates • Demographic Transition Theory Population Movement and Migration • Mobility and Migration • International & Internal Voluntary/Forced Migration Population Debates and Policies • Resources, Policies, Programs, Sustainability & Gender

  4. US Population 2002 According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the resident population of the United States is 286,432,405 COMPONENT SETTINGS One birth every.................................. 8 seconds One death every................................. 11 seconds One international migrant (net) every... 32 seconds Net gain of one person every............... 15 seconds

  5. US Population 2003 • According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the resident population of the United States, projected to 8/22/2003 at 3:00:55 PM EDT is 291,859,458 • COMPONENT SETTINGS • One birth every......................................... 8 seconds • One death every....................................... 13 seconds • One international migrant (net) every........ 22 seconds • Net gain of one person every..................... 10 seconds

  6. US Population Fall 2006 • According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the resident population of the United States, projected to 09/25/06 is299,827,678 • COMPONENT SETTINGS • One birth every......................................... 7 seconds • One death every....................................... 13 seconds • One international migrant (net) every........ 30 seconds • Net gain of one person every..................... 10 seconds

  7. World population The current world population is 6,204,921,789 World Vital Events Per Time Unit: 2002 (Figures may not add to totals due to rounding) Time unit Births Deaths Natural increase ------------------------------------------------- Year 131,903,973 55,647,865 76,256,108 Month 10,991,998 4,637,322 6,354,676 Day 361,381 152,460 208,921 Hour 15,058 6,352 8,705 Minute 251 106 145 Second 4.2 1.8 2.4 -------------------------------------------------

  8. World Vital Events Per Time Unit: 2003 The current world population is 6,313,073,186 (Figures may not add to totals due to rounding) ------------------------------------------------- Natural Time unit Births Deaths increase ------------------------------------------------- Year 128,758,963 55,508,568 73,250,395 Month 10,729,914 4,625,714 6,104,200 Day 352,764 152,078 200,686 Hour 14,699 6,337 8,362 Minute 245 106 139 Second 4.1 1.8 2.3 -------------------------------------------------

  9. World Vital Events Per Time Unit: 20066,546,371,929 (Figures may not add to totals due to rounding) • -------------------------------------------- Natural • Time unit Births Deaths increase • Year 132,434,587 55,220,152 77,214,435 • Month 11,036,216 4,601,679 6,434,536 • Day 362,834 151,288 211,546 • Hour 15,118 6,304 8,814 • Minute 252 105 147 • Second 4.2 1.8 2.4 • -------------------------------------------------

  10. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Western Europe • North America

  11. 5 key regions • East Asia • China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea

  12. 5 key regions • East Asia • China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea

  13. 5 key regions • East Asia • China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea • 1/4 of world lives here

  14. 5 key regions • East Asia • China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea • 1/4 of world lives here • 5/6 in China alone

  15. 5 key regions • East Asia • China, Japan, Taiwan, Korea • 1/4 of world lives here • 5/6 in China alone • Mainly rural

  16. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka

  17. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka • 1/5 of world lives here

  18. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka • 1/5 of world lives here • 3 /4 in India alone

  19. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka • 1/5 of world lives here • 3 /4 in India alone • Mainly rural

  20. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar

  21. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar • 1/10 of world lives here

  22. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar • 1/10 of world lives here • Mainly rural

  23. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Western Europe • 1/7 world lives here

  24. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Western Europe • 1/7 world lives here • Mainly Urban

  25. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Western Europe • North America • 1/20 world

  26. 5 key regions • East Asia • South Asia • South-East Asia • Western Europe • North America • 1/20 world • Mainly urban

  27. 3 Revolutions • 8000 BC • Agricultural Revolution • Rise of cities, wars, population • Population 500,000 • NIR 0.001% = 59,000 year doubling time

  28. 3 Revolutions • 8000 BC Agricultural Revolution • 1750 CE • Industrial Revolution • Population 800,000,000 • NIR 0.06% = 1,250 year doubling time

  29. Demographics • NIR • CBR • TFR • IMR • LE • CDR

  30. Demographics • NIR • Natural Increase Rate • NIR = CBR – CDR • Banker’s Rule of 72 • 72 / NIR = Doubling time in years

  31. Demographics • 2% 3% • 36 years to dbl 24 years to dbl • 1 mil 1 mil • 2 mil • 2 mil • 4 mil • 4 mil 8 mil

  32. Demographics • NIR • CBR • Crude Birth Rate • Babies/1000 people

  33. Demographics • NIR • CBR • TFR • Total Fertility Rate • Children/woman

  34. Demographics • NIR • CBR • TFR • IMR • Infant Mortality Rate • Babies that die before 1 year/1000 babies

  35. Demographics • NIR • CBR • TFR • IMR • LE • Life Expectancy • Age you would live to

  36. Demographics • NIR • CBR • TFR • IMR • LE • CDR • Crude Death Rate • Deaths/1000 people