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  1. 120 - appleby

  2. UNIT 6: JUDAISM Rels 120: Religion, Spirituality & Health 24 January 2014

  3. Unit 6 Overview 24 Jan: Introduction to Jewish Traditions • Spiritual Self-Assessment: HerthHope Index 28 Jan: Historical Developments 31 Jan: Rabbinical Judaism 4 Feb: Judaism & Modernity • Justice as a Spiritual Practice 7 Feb: Spirituality • BeytTikkun: The House of Love and Healing – class worksheet 11 Feb: Jewish Medicine & Healing 14 Feb: QUIZ; portfolios due today 120 - appleby

  4. Readings • IWR, Ch. 10, p. 341 to 399 • TikkunOlam: Overview, • Spirituality, • “The Jewish Way of Healing,” 120 - appleby

  5. Unit 6 Objectives • To identify the foundational figures, narratives and practices of the early Hebrews; • To provide details of the biblical creation narrative and its implications for understanding relationships and interconnections among humans, animals, the earth, and the Divine; • To trace significant developments over time, focusing on the history of encounters between humans and the Divine; • To explore the prophetic spiritual traditions of holiness and social justice; and • To articulate the nature of human well-being situated within the community of faith. 120 - appleby

  6. Herth Hope Index ( This is your individual spiritual assessment tool for Unit 6 Respond to each statement and then reflect on any 4 statements that you find particularly meaningful; explain how these relate to you or why these are significant for you. 120 - appleby

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  9. God encounters humanitywithin time and history • God is the divine storyteller • God is revealed through the history of God’s encounters with the people of Israel • God makes and exacts promises • God intervenes and acts in time and history • Judaism is shaped by the “myth of history” • Myth = symbolic story about the origins and destiny of human beings and their world 120 - appleby

  10. The Creation of the World • • Recorded in the first book of the Hebrew Bible – Genesis • Genesis chapter 1 – the days of creation • Genesis chapter 2 – the creation of human persons • Genesis chapter 3 – the temptation and fall of humanity 120 - appleby

  11. In the Garden of Eden • Keep track of the elements of creation in order. • What does God say at the end of each day? • How does God create human persons? What is unique about human persons? • What is special about the 7th day? • What tasks are given to Adam and Eve? • How and why do Adam and Eve disobey God? What is the consequence of this? 120 - appleby

  12. The Stories of the people of Israel • Story of Creation • Story of Noah and the flood • God’s call to Abraham • Joseph in Egypt; enslavement • Story of the Exodus out of Egypt • Story of Moses on Mount Sinai, making a Covenant with God and receiving God’s commandments 120 - appleby

  13. Noah The Universal Covenant of God with humanity, made through Noah A Covenant is a mutual contract in which each partner has duties that must be fulfilled • • Genesis 6 to 9 • 120 - appleby

  14. The 7 Noahic Laws are understoodto be binding on all humanity The people are required to: • establish courts of justice; • not commit blasphemy; • not commit idolatry; • not commit incest and adultery; • not commit bloodshed; • not commit robbery; and • not eat flesh cut from a living animal. God promises never to destroy the earth by flooding again 120 - appleby

  15. Work of artist David Bruce 120 - appleby

  16. Jewish pre-history Abraham – 1800 BCE • appointed by God to be a father of many nations • Land of Canaan promised to Abraham’s descendants →migration into Egypt; enslavement by Pharoah Moses –1250 BCE • Hebrew leader and prophet • delivers the Israelites from slavery in Egypt • receives God’s law on Mount Sinai • leads people to promised land 120 - appleby

  17. Sarah & Abraham (1850 BCE)Ancestors of the Jewish People Abraham is invited to enter into a Covenant with God • A Covenant is a mutual contract in which each partner has duties that must be fulfilled God promises • to give Abraham & Sarah many descendants • to give the land of Canaan to Abraham and his descendants • To protect Abraham & Sarah and their family Abraham promises devotion, obedience and loyalty to God The sign of the Covenant is circumcision of Abraham and all male descendants 120 - appleby

  18. Moses Moses is called by God • • Exodus 3 • 120 - appleby

  19. Exodus from Egypt God frees the people from captivity in Egypt • Exodus 11 and 12 • 120 - appleby

  20. The Covenant at Sinai Moses meets with God on the mountain and enters into a Covenant; God gives Moses a set of commandments for the people • • Exodus 19 and 20 • 120 - appleby

  21. The Mosaic Covenant – “I will be your God, and you will be my People” A Covenant is a mutual contract in which each partner has duties that must be fulfilled God will continue to care for the Chosen people and make them a holy nation The Chosen people will fulfill God’s commandments • 10 specific moral rules are given by God to Moses If Israel is obedient, then God will bless them; but if they disobey, then God will punish them The sign of the Covenant is the Day of Rest – the Sabbath Day (Shabbat in Hebrew) 120 - appleby

  22. The 10 Commandments • You shall have no other Gods but me. • You shall not make for yourself any idol, nor bow down to it or worship it. • You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God. • You shall remember and keep the Sabbath day holy. • Respect your father and mother. • You must not kill. • You must not commit adultery. • You must not steal. • You must not give false evidence against your neighbour. • You must not be envious of your neighbour's goods. You shall not be envious of his house nor his wife, nor anything that belongs to your neighbour. 120 - appleby

  23. Roots of Jewish Identity They understand themselves to be God’s chosen people – Chosento be a holy people = set apart; separate from the nations • Jewish dietary rules provide an example of the way in which the people would be known as set apart In a covenantalrelationship with God • A Covenant is a mutual contract in which each partner has duties that must be fulfilled • Sign of the Covenants = circumcision & keeping the Sabbath as a day of rest 120 - appleby

  24. BRIS:The Meaning of Jewish Circumcision • From Jerusalem's Old City, Rabbi Shalom Gold describes the spiritual dimension of Jewish circumcision. • 120 - appleby

  25. The Current Debate According to Jewish tradition, God told Abraham to circumcize all males as sign of the covenant between God and the Jewish people “In actual practice, many Jews circumcise because of cultural conformity, not religious reasons. Based on a national survey of American Jews, ‘90 percent define being Jewish as being a member of a cultural or ethnic group.’” Some European countries have seen petitions against circumcision on the basis of protecting the human rights of children. 120 - appleby