Bell Ringer – 2/13 • M.Socrative.com – Room 38178 • Questions: • 1. Who wrote the Nutcracker and Swan Lake ballets? (the answer is in your music notes...) Multiple choice on the devices!! You CAN use cell phones for the bell ringers, but after that they MUST be put up (tablets too!)
Romantic Dance Ballet
Romantic Dance • Known as the “Golden Age of Ballet” • Turned against neoclassicism • Subjective viewpoint and feeling sought attention • The music is written first, dance written to fit • It was the opposite in the Classical Period
Theophile Gautier • The writings of Gautier (1811-1872) • Gautier was a poet and critic who believed that dance was visual stimulation to show “beautiful forms in graceful attitudes.” • Dancing, for Gautier, was like a living painting or sculpture – “physical pleasure and feminine beauty.” • In Romantic ballet, male dancers were reassigned to the background, females were the lead • They could do more
Carlo Blasis • Blasis (1803-1878) wrote the “Code of Terpsichoro” • His principles covered training, structure, and positioning • Everything in ballet required a beginning, a middle, and an ending • Dancers needed to display the human figure with taste and elegance
The five positions of ballet • The “beginnings” and “endings” of each move • Invented in the Baroque period by Beauchamp 2. 1. 3. 4. 5.
En Pointe • Comes from the classical idea • Developed from the desire for dancers to appear weightless • Literally means “on the tip” • Special shoes called “pointe shoes” or “toe shoes” • Both men and women can dance en pointe, but most commonly performed by women
En Pointe • Can cause foot deformities if started too early (usually age 10 at the earliest) • Blisters, boils, athlete’s foot, cuts, and bleeding are to be expected
Romantic Ballet • Choreographers of romantic ballet sought magic and escape in fantasies and legends • Ballets about elves and nymphs enjoyed great popularity, as did ballets about madness, sleepwalking, and dreams • Taglioni’s La Sylphide: about how a man leaves his fiance for a mythical creature, but encounters a witch who curses her to death • Taglioni’s The Revolt in the Harem: wives revolt against their oppressors with the help of ‘the spirit of womankind’
Two Russian Ballets • Influence Western dance – Ballet as we know it today • Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker and Swan Lake • The Nutcracker (1892) • Swan Lake (1877) • Swan Lake popularized the fouette, or whipping turn. • The star of Swan Lake dances 32 consecutive fouettes – mandatory! • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOdE0P7K0HM
The Nutcracker We’ll study, watch, and listen to parts of the Nutcracker today. (We’ll do Swan Lake tomorrow)
The Nutcracker • 2 Act Ballet • Music by Tchaikovsky • The story is based of Hoffman’s story “The Nutcracker and the Mouse King.” • Premiered in St. Petersburg on Sunday Dec. 18th, 1892 • Always performed around Christmas time because the ballet takes place at Christmas
The Nutcracker • Today, American ballet companies generate about 40% of their annual ticket revenue from performances of the Nutcracker • LOTS of people go see it around the holidays • It’s a tradition for a lot of families • (UofL does “Clara’s Dream” EVERY YEAR to a PACKED house!)
The Nutcracker • What is it about?
General Synopsis – Act 1 • It’s Christmas Eve • Main character: Clara • Clara’s godfather, a toy maker, gives her a nutcracker that she takes a liking to. Fritz, her sibling, purposely breaks it and Clara is heartbroken.
General Synopsis – Act 1 • Once everyone goes to sleep, Clara gets up to check on her beloved Nutcracker. • Suddenly, mice begin to fill the room and the Nutcracker grows to life-size (some interpret this as her dreaming, others say the godfather is a magician and shrinks her) • The Nutcracker and his army of toys are fighting an army of Mice led by the Mouse King • The mice start eating the gingerbread soldiers
General synopsis – Act 1 • As the Mouse King goes to attack the wounded Nutcracker, Clara throws a shoe at him which distracts him long enough to get stabbed by the Nutcracker • The Nutcracker transforms into a handsome prince
General Synopsis – Act 2 • Clara and the Prince go to the Land of Sweets (where the Prince is apparently from) • Clara is showered in sweets from all around the world • During the final waltz, Clara and the Prince are crowned rulers of the Land of Sweets
Watch – the Nutcracker • Battle Scene • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sEbobwxU4OU
recognizable music • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8J8urC_8Jw • The music is used a LOT in popular culture – movies, commercials, tv shows, concert performances, etc. Some of the most recognizable classical music EVER! • Marche • Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy • Trepak (Russian Dance) • Arabian Dance • Chinese Dance • Reed-Flutes • Waltz of the Flowers (You will NOT need to recognize these for the test because there’s so many of them – but you should be familiar with them!!!)
CARTOONS • Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8At8zfh_o3E • Arabian Dance: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qxVWlqcpeTg