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Bell Ringer 2/13/14. Map Skills page 327. Bell Ringer 2/14/14. Why were some Roman politicians afraid of the urban poor?. Illustrated Notes. Draw your notes based on what we read on the slide

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bell ringer 2 13 14
Bell Ringer 2/13/14
  • Map Skills page 327
bell ringer 2 14 14
Bell Ringer 2/14/14
  • Why were some Roman politicians afraid of the urban poor?
illustrated notes
Illustrated Notes
  • Draw your notes based on what we read on the slide
  • These notes should help you understand the information without having to write the notes word for word
  • You may have to write a few words to explain what the picture is tell you
    • Label people, places, or things you draw
punic wars
Punic Wars
  • Rome vs. Carthage
  • Hannibal – Carthage’s general
  • Punic Wars
    • Marched over the Alps from Spain Italy to attack Rome
    • Rome was nearly destroyed but did win the war
    • Rome still feared Carthage could attack again
    • They attacked Carthage; burned and looted the city
    • They also sent the people into slavery
growing pains
Growing Pains
  • Roman magistrates stole, looted, broke laws, and used violence to keep power late in the Roman republic
    • The Roman government stopped working
  • Rome grew richer, buying slaves to do the work of the poor Roman’s
    • Tenant farmers lost their livelihood and many poor people went to the city to find work
growing pains continues
Growing Pains continues
  • Reforms for the Poor
    • Fearing riots, Rome gave out free grain to keep peace
    • Politicians supported them because they needed them to win offices
    • The traditional elites did not like the reforms
  • Reforming the Army
    • Gaius Marius allowed poor citizens to join the military, forcing the government to pay for their equipment.
    • This made the army larger and more professional
    • It gave the poor careers in military and when they retired they were given land to work
from republic to empire
From Republic to Empire
  • Military commanders turned their armies against their rivals and the senate
    • Leading to civil war – war between groups from same country
marius and sulla
Marius and Sulla
  • The assembly took Sulla’s position away giving it to Marius
  • Sulla marched his troops on Rome, fought a civil war with Marius and took his command back by force
  • Sulla ruled as a dictator for more than a year before retiring
pompey and caesar
Pompey and Caesar
  • Gnaeus Pompey and Gaius Julius Caesar teamed up and used influence to run the government
    • Ignored laws and customs
  • Later they fought
  • The senate sided with Pompey ordering Caesar to give up his troops
    • But they were loyal to him and marched into Italy and defeated Pompey and the senate in a civil war
  • Caesar took over Rome and became dictator for life
    • Was murdered by angry senators
end of the republic
End of the Republic
  • Civil war continued after Caesar’s death until the republic collapsed.
  • Octavian became the leader
    • Defeating Caesar’s murderers in a civil war
    • Defeated Mark Anthony and Cleopatra (Egyptian queen)
  • His victories lead to a monarchy – the Roman empire and him becoming it’s first leader