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Bell Ringer – 11/1 m.socrative.com – Room 38178 OR Bell Ringer Card. QUESTIONS: 1. “Speak singing” is called \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_. 2. Who is the father of opera?. THE INTERNET IS DOWN AT THE MOMENT – everyone needs to do it on a Bell Ringer card and put it in the box. Louis XIV.

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bell ringer 11 1 m socrative com room 38178 or bell ringer card
Bell Ringer – 11/1m.socrative.com – Room 38178 OR Bell Ringer Card

QUESTIONS:

  • 1. “Speak singing” is called _________________.
  • 2. Who is the father of opera?

THE INTERNET IS DOWN AT THE MOMENT – everyone needs to do it on a Bell Ringer card and put it in the box

louis xiv

Louis XIV

We talked about him BRIEFLY yesterday with the development of the opera – he’s an important guy!

louis xiv1
Louis XIV
  • 1638-1715
  • “Louis the Great” & “The Sun King”
  • Ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death
  • Reigned for 72 years and 110 days – the longest of a monarch of a major country in European History
  • Died of gangrene 4 days before his 77th birthday
  • Succeeded by this 5-year-old great grandson XV
louis xiv2
Louis XIV
  • Dancer
  • Performed 80 roles in 40 major ballets
    • Professional ballet dancer
  • Often portrayed roles that were royal or godlike
  • Combined business with art in a mutually beneficial way
dance1
Dance
  • By the late 16th century, baroque art was consolidated in the court of Louis XIV
  • He was a great patron of painting, sculpture, theater, and architecture and brought ballet into full participation
  • Louis the XIV was an avid dancer himself – he studied for 20 years with the dancing master Pierre Beauchamps
dance pierre beauchamps
Dance – Pierre Beauchamps
  • Pierre Beauchamps invented the 5 basic ballet positions

Second

First

Third

Fourth

Fifth

dance2
Dance
  • Louis XIV is nicknamed “The Sun King”
    • At the age of 14th, he danced as Apollo the Sun-God in Le Ballet de la Nuit
  • Louis XIV employed a team of professional artists to produce ballet and opera at court – Moliere (playwright) was a part of these collaborative efforts
dance3
Dance
  • The plots for French ballet came from classical mythology
  • The style of dancing was fairly simple and controlled
  • Gestures were symmetrical
  • Costumes included elaborate wigs
    • Any movement that threatened to knock one’s wig off would have been impractical and awkward.
dance4
Dance
  • Ballet became formally institutionalized when LouisXIV founded the Academie Royale de Danse in 1661
    • Royal Academy of Dance
  • He hired 13 dancing masters to teach there
  • 10 years later, the Royal Academy of Dance merged with the Royal Academy of Music (newly established)
  • Both schools used Louis XIV’s personal theater – a “picture frame stage”
    • Choreography was designed for an audience on one side
dance5
Dance
  • The establishment of the Royal Academy of Dance led to prescribed rules for positions and movement
  • Women took the stage as professional ballerinas for the first time
  • As the baroque era came to a close in the early 1700s, the foundations of ballet were in place
louis xiv as the sun king
Louis XIV as The Sun King
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SYHPNgSUIoE
drama1
Drama
  • Between 1550 and 1720, France developed a theatrical tradition called “French neoclassicism”
  • In 1548, the Protestants and Catholics outlawed religious drama
  • Secular drama became popular
drama french neoclassicism
Drama – French Neoclassicism
  • Plays had to conform to 2 specific rules
    • The action of the play had to occur in a single location
      • No change in setting
    • The action could not encompass more than 24 hours
      • The play must take place over the course of one day (the play itself is probably only 1- 2 hours long.)
drama french neoclassicism1
Drama – French Neoclassicism
  • Pierre Corneille (1606-1684) created French masterpieces by breaking the rules
  • In 1635, he wrote the masterpiece Le Cid
    • Tragic comedy about love and war
  • France condemned the play though – other countries loved it!
drama french neoclassicism2
Drama – French Neoclassicism
  • Moliere (1622-1673) wrote French comedies
  • Performed in “tennis-court theaters”
    • Size and shape of indoor tennis courts made them perfect for theater
  • A performance in front of Louis XIV launched his career as a playwright
  • Wrote Tartuffe, The Misanthrope, and the Bourgeois Gentleman (ber-sh-wa)
    • Fast paced action, crisp language, and gentle but effective mockery of humans
  • Challenged background designers
drama moliere
Drama – Moliere
  • The Bourgeois Gentleman
  • 5 Act Comedy Ballet
    • Includes dialogue, music and dance, but no singing
  • Choreography done by Pierre Beauchamp
  • Pokes fun at the pretentious middle-class and the vain aristocracy
    • A middle class man wants to climb the ladder and become an aristocrat – takes up fencing, dancing, music, and philosophy
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dE3n_ZfCqBk&list=PLB672ED271DF0EB51
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