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Cell Death PowerPoint Presentation

Cell Death

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Cell Death

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  1. Cell Death Hoon Lee

  2. Cell Death • Within each cell line, the control of cell number is regulated by a balance of cell proliferation and cell death. • There are two principle patterns of cell death 1. Necrosis (death by injury) 2. Apoptosis (death by suicide)

  3. Necrosis • Refer to cell death in an organ or tissue. • Caused by infarction, infectious disease, poisoning etc. • Affects contiguous groups of cell. • Usually precipitates an inflammatory response.

  4. Cytological characteristics of Necrosis • Initial swelling of the cell. • Rupture of the plasma membrane. • Cytoplasm is spilled to the extracellular environment.

  5. Types of Necrosis • Coagulation Necrosis (seen in infarcted organs, e.g.myocardial infarct). • Liquefaction Necrosis (softening of the center of an abscess) • Caseous Necrosis (cheesy, crumbly appearance, e.g. Tuberculosis lesion in the lung)

  6. Apoptosis • Responsible for Programmed Cell Death (PCD) • Plays an important role in multicellular development. • Cause deletion of individual cells in the midst of others. • No inflammatory response but rapid phagocytosis

  7. Cytological characteristics of Apoptosis • Nucleus condensation. • Membranes preserved. • Fragmentation. • phagocytosis

  8. Examples of Programmed Cell Death • Phylogenic: the loss of the vertebrate tail during human fetal development. • Morphogenic: the loss of mesenchyme between the digit. • Histogenic: the reduction of numbers of neurons in the developing brain. *(PCD occurs during embryonic development as mitosis) • Normal maintenance. • Suicide cell death: virtually infected cells.

  9. Mechanism of Apoptosis • Internal signals: Mitochondrial pathway. • External signals: Death receptor pathway. • Apoptosis-Inducing Factor.

  10. Internal signals: Mitochondrial pathway

  11. External signals: Death receptor pathway

  12. Apoptosis-Inducing Factor (AIF) • Release from the mitochondria. • Migrates into the nucleus. • Bind to DNA. • Destruction of the DNA • Cell death.