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ECOWAS’s Infrastructure: A Regional Perspective

ECOWAS’s Infrastructure: A Regional Perspective. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic: a multi-stakeholder effort. Methodology and approach. Methodology Data collection by local/international consultants and Bank staff based on standardized methodology

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ECOWAS’s Infrastructure: A Regional Perspective

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  1. ECOWAS’s Infrastructure: A Regional Perspective

  2. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic:a multi-stakeholder effort

  3. Methodology and approach • Methodology • Data collection by local/international consultants and Bank staff based on standardized methodology • Baseline year for data is 2006, does not reflect subsequent evolution • Approach • Focus on benchmarking ECOWAS’s infrastructure against other African RECs and benchmarking ECOWAS member countries with each other

  4. Key Message #1 Infrastructure could be contributing much more to West Africa’s growth

  5. Infrastructure contributed one percentage point to West Africa’s recent growth spurt

  6. Catching-up on infrastructure could boost growth by five percentage points

  7. Key Message #2 West Africa’s economic geography makes regional integration particularly critical

  8. The burden of geography • Small countries unable to reap scale economies • 11 have economies <$5 billion • 8 have populations <10 million • Countries isolated from key resources • 6 rely on transnational river basins • 3 are landlocked relying on regional road corridors • Economic activity concentrated along coast

  9. Topographical profile of ECOWAS countries

  10. Spatial distribution of economic activity

  11. Key Message #3 Soft issues are the main culprits for West Africa’s slow and expensive road freight

  12. Road freight transport is particularly slow and expensive in West Africa

  13. Corridors are almost entirely paved and mainly in reasonable condition

  14. Condition of 7 main regional corridors

  15. Only two of the corridors register reasonably high volumes of traffic

  16. Traffic flows along 7 main regional corridors

  17. Rail transport appears to be more competitive on parallel corridors

  18. Administrative and waiting costs add at least $20 per ton to costs of exporting via sea ports

  19. Administrative and waiting costs weigh even more heavily on imports

  20. Key Message #4 Coastal countries appear to be neglecting roads on sea corridors

  21. Condition of broader regional road network

  22. Traffic flows along broader regional road network

  23. Some 80 percent of broader regional roads in reasonable condition

  24. Key Message #5 West Africa’s railways do not readily form a regional network

  25. West Africa’s disparate rail networks make use of multiple incompatible gauges

  26. Operational performance of West African rail operators is relatively poor

  27. Railways are only lightly used

  28. Key Message #6 West Africa lacks a functional transshipment hub

  29. West African ports perform well behind global best practice

  30. Wide range of performance across West Africa’s ports

  31. Key Message #7 Major progress with liberalization but safety remains a concern

  32. ECOWAS performs below African comparators on several air transport benchmarks

  33. Uneven development of air connectivity across Western and Eastern sides of continent

  34. Regional air traffic heavily concentrated on Accra to Lagos route

  35. Most countries have daily flight to one of region’s significant airports

  36. Major shift in fleet size towards Citi jets and commuter propeller planes

  37. Differential responses to collapse of major regional carriers

  38. West Africa has made most progress with air transport liberalization

  39. Huge shifts in market share have taken place in recent years

  40. Air safety standards in West Africa are low

  41. West Africa’s aircraft fleet has renewed significantly

  42. Airport charges in West Africa are significantly higher than international standards

  43. Key Message #8 Regional power trade could save US$0.5 billion annually as well as 5 million tons of CO2

  44. Emerging regional power transmission network

  45. Power is widely accessible but highly expensive and unreliable

  46. Only 70 percent of the effective demand for power is being met

  47. Today there are two major power traders: Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana

  48. Deepening regional power trade saves WAPP half a billion dollars annually (about 3%)

  49. Trade expansion would boost volume of power traded from 5 TWh to over 15 TWh Trade Stagnation Trade Expansion

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