Ch. 1-Introduction to First Aid Care. 1.1 What Is First Aid?. The principal aims of first aid are to Recognize life-threatening situations Activate the EMS system Supply artificial ventilation and circulation when needed Control bleeding Care for other life-threatening conditions
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The principal aims of first aid are to
1. First aid is the ____________ care given to a person who is injured or suddenly becomes ill. (first/basic/temporary)
2. One of the primary principles of first aid is to ____________.
(activate the EMS system/drive the patient to the hospital/care for all wounds yourself)
3. A goal of first aid is to minimize____________.
(complications/pain/need for additional care)
1. Observe the accident scene as you approach it.
2. Keep yourself and others at the scene safe.
3. Gain access to the victim(s) and determine any immediate threats to life.
4. Provide basic life support to those whose lives are threatened.
5. Summon more advanced medical help if needed.
1. You should provide basic life support first to ____________.
(victims of cardiac arrest/victims who are bleeding/the most seriously injured)
2. During the first few minutes after an accident, you should activate ____________. (bystanders/the EMS system/additional caregivers)
3. If you are alone, you should provide rescue support to a child for ____________ before telephoning for help. (1 minute/2 minutes/5 minutes)
1.Duty to act means you have a _________ to give aid. (responsibility/legal obligation/choice)
2. The “reasonable-man” test shows that you acted as a normal, prudent person would have acted under the ____________. (same circumstances/law)
3. ____________ means you acted with carelessness, inattention, disregard, or oversight.
4. Every competent adult has the right to give ____________ to treatment. (approval/permission/consent)
For disease to spread, three things must happen:
1. Infecting organisms, such as bacteria and viruses,
must survive outside their host—an infected person,
an animal, or an insect.
2. The infecting organism must then move from one
place to another.
3. The infecting organism must then invade a new
person’s body and begin to multiply there.
An open sore
Headache with stiff neck
Yellowish skin or eyes
Coughing or sneezing
Draining or oozing wounds
Abdominal painIdentifying Infectious Diseases
A victim with any of the following should be considered infectious:
1. To prevent the risk of bloodborne infection, you
should always wear _________ when caring for a
(a face mask/a gown/protective gloves)
2. Use a ____________ when giving mouth-to-mouth
(face mask/pocket mask/face shield)
3. The best protection against disease you have is to
____________ after giving treatment.
(wash your hands/take an antibiotic/use antiseptic)
1. Your first priority at the scene of an accident is ____________.
(reaching the victim/staying safe/preventing further injury to the victim)
2. You should call the fire department in case of ____________.
(any fire/a fire that is out of control/a fire that is creating toxic fumes)
3. One of the greatest threats to safety from a motor vehicle accident is ____________. (fire/gasoline fumes/oncoming traffic)
4. You can touch a downed power line __________.
(with a stick/if you are wearing rubber-soled boots/only after the power company has turned off the power)
5. If a victim is hostile, _______________________.
(restrain the victim yourself/have bystanders help you
restrain the victim/call the police)