1. What is the purpose of first aid? • First Aid is care given to an injured person to stabilize and keep him / her safe until he / she can receive professional medical attention.
Scenario: A man has been hit by a car and thrown into the street. He is wearing shorts, and blood is flowing, but not spurting, from his leg. What looks like a bone is sticking out of his leg. What are the two major concerns when giving first aid to this victim?
Answer: First, safety of the rescuer from traffic and the safety of the of the victim. Second, unless the victim is in a life-threatening situation, he should not be moved.
2. List the Two Major Concerns When Giving First Aid: • The first rule of first aid and the primary concern is: • The second concern is, unless the victim is in a life-threatening situation, he or she should: Safety Not Be Moved
Giving First Aid RP ABCH R is forResponsiveness Is the victim conscious? Touch their shoulder, ask if they are alright. Ask if they need help. If they say no, then proceed no further If yes, or no response, then proceed to A
When To Move An Injured Person P is for Position Only re-position the victim if the victim is in further danger in their present location. And / or there does not seem to be spinal injury and additional care requires moving them.
Explain when an injured person should and should not be moved? • If there are suspected spinal injuries, do not move the victim (except when the victim is in a life threatening situation). Seek immediate medical attention. Follow the flowchart and care for the victim in any form that does not require moving the victim.
Four Steps ofVictim Assessment Use the mnemonic“ABCH” • A is for airway -check to see if the airway is blocked. Use your finger to sweep the mouth to remove any seen object. If this fails, then perform the Heimlich maneuver or abdominal thrusts. We will learn these techniques in later lessons.
Four Steps ofVictim Assessment • B is for breathing Look, listen and feelby watching the chest and placing your cheek a few inches above the mouth of the victim to sense any movement of air. If the victim is not breathing, they may need their head repositioned. If they are still not breathing they need rescue breathing, do not give unless you are trained, instead, find an adult.
Four Steps ofVictim Assessment • C is for circulation If there is not a pulse, then this person needs CPR. The best place to check for a pulse is the carotid artery along the side of the neck along the windpipe. If you are not trained in CPR, then find someone who is.
Four Steps ofVictim Assessment • H is for Hemorrhaging If the victim is bleeding, then provide the necessary care. If not, then begin a secondary assessment. Complete filling in MWS 2 RAP ABCH Flowchart
Summary First aid is a first-response activity, nothing more. It’s sole goal is to maintain the injured person until they get professional help. First priority – Safety for all! Blood from a cut or torn vein will flow, a cut artery will spurt. Fill out the True-False Questions on Page 199.
Answer the following with True or False T F 1. Checking the victim, calling for help, and giving care are three steps in treating someone who has been seriously hurt or ill. T F 2. It is ok to move someone who is seriously hurt to make them feel better. T F 3. Knowing first aid could save a life, and applying first aid should be accompanied with prayer.
T F 4. The groove to the side of the neck (carotid artery) is a good place to check the pulse. T F 5. Calling for help may be the most important thing that you do to help the victim. T F 6. First aid is the temporary care that you give until professional help arrives.
Words for the Spelling Test1. Pulse2.Victim3. Professional4. Seriously5. Prayer