crime statistics what do we need them for a discussion based on the situation in the netherlands l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Crime Statistics, what do we need them for? A discussion based on the situation in the Netherlands PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Crime Statistics, what do we need them for? A discussion based on the situation in the Netherlands

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 23
gaurav

Crime Statistics, what do we need them for? A discussion based on the situation in the Netherlands - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

78 Views
Download Presentation
Crime Statistics, what do we need them for? A discussion based on the situation in the Netherlands
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Crime Statistics, what do we need them for?A discussion based on the situation in the Netherlands Paul Smit Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) Ministry of Justice

  2. Recorded crime, 1960 - 2003

  3. Why Crime Statistics Passively: • To see what happens, look at trends, and act accordingly Actively: • To measure the success of policies • To help defining policies

  4. Contents • Crime Statistics in the Netherlands • Examples • The policy program: towards a safer society • Modelling the Criminal Justice system • Offenders from ethnic minorities • Discussion / Conclusions

  5. Main characteristics • (Too) many statistics

  6. CBS Ministry of Justice Min Int. A. Victim Surveys POLS Police Monitor Safety Mon Police registr. CBS Police statistics HKS System Police suspects Pros. input CBS Court Statistics OMData OBJD Pros. decisions Court decisions Offenders Prison pop. CBS Prison Statistics TULP

  7. Observation (1) When the main (or sole) user of the statistics is also the only provider of the data the statistics are based on, there is less need for a central statistical bureau for these statistics

  8. Main characteristics • (Too) many statistics • Isolated statistics

  9. Example 1 The policy program: towards a safer society Precise targets: • Reduction of crime in public spaces • Opinion of police and feelings of safety • Repeat offenders

  10. Observation (2) It can be very dangerous to make statements on the success of policy measures based on outcome statistics alone

  11. Example 2 Modelling the Criminal Justice system • Econometric model, based on aggragate statistics

  12. Prognosemodel Justitiële Ketens: Veiligheidsketen volwassenen, versie 1.1 Rechtsbijstand Piketdiensten Rechtsbijstand Vreemdelingenbewaring Politie Voorlopige hechtenis DJI Capaciteitsbehoefte vreemdelingenbewaring Vreemdelingen Vreemdelingenbewaring Reclassering Vroeghulpbezoek Reclassering Vroeghulpinterventies Tolken Vreemdelingendiensten Politie Verdachten Schadefonds geweldsmisdrijven Aantal verzoeken Schadefonds Geweldsmisdrijven Toegekende verzoeken ZM Ontslag vanrechtsvervolging ZM Getuige/tolk kantonzaak ZM Getuige/tolk EK-zaak Externe factoren Politie Misdrijven ZM Enkelvoudige kamer Hoger Beroep Ontnemingsmaatregelen EK-zaak Slachtofferhulp Aantal cliënten Externe factoren CJIB Ontnemingen ZM Vrijspraak ZM Afdoeningen ZM Meervoudige kamer Hoger Beroep Ontnemingsmaatregelen MK-zaak NFI Aangeboden zaken Hoger Beroep Cassatie ZM Getuige/tolk MK-zaak NFI Onderzoeksaanvragen CJIB LCA instroom Tolken TBS Reclassering Voorlichtingsrapportages Politie Ophelderingen Middelen politie Reclassering Maatregelrapportages Tolken Gevangeniswezen Reclassering Adviesrapportages Hoger Beroep TBS-opleggingen Schadeloosstelling Aantal verzoeken Hoger Beroep Aantal gevangenisstraffen DJI VH bij TBS Reclassering Toeleiding zorg Rechtsbijstand Ambtshalve straftoevoegingen Externe factoren Tolken Advocatuur Middelen ZM OM Instroom OM Dagvaarding Rechtsbijstand Reguliere straftoevoegingen Externe factoren Schadeloossteling Toegekende verzoeken DJI Penitentiaire Programma’s Reclassering Reïntegratieprogramma’s OM Werkstraf DJI Directe capaciteitsbehoefte OM Leerstraf Tolken Reclassering OM Ontneming wederrechtelijk voordeel Hoger Beroep Werkstraffen ZM Schuldig Hoger Beroep Leerstraffen OM Geldsom CJIB Trias via COMPAS Hoger Beroep Taakstraffen DJI VH bij taakstraffen OM Transactie OM Afdoeningen Middelen OM OM Sepot OM Technischsepot DJI Capaciteitsbehoefte Gevangeniswezen DJI Indirecte capaciteitsbehoefte Hoger Beroep Boetes OM Onvoorwaardelijk beleidssepot CJIB Percentage misluktetaakstraffen OM Beleidssepot OM Voorwaardelijk beleidssepot CJIB Percentagemislukte boetes CJIB Trias direct CJIB Schadevergoeding CJIB Beroep OvJ CJIB Beroep kantonrechter Externe factoren CJIB Instroom WAHV CJIB Verzet

  13. Example 2 Modelling the Criminal Justice System • Econometric model, based on aggragate statistics • Also external factors • Knowledge of the working (the expected behaviour) of the Criminal Justice System

  14. Observation (3) Integrating different areas of Crime Statistics and Statistics from other areas, even if this integration is on an aggragate level only, is very useful in observing the working of the Criminal Justice System as a whole and the expected outcome of specific policy measures

  15. Example 3 Offenders from ethnic minorities • Offender data are linked (on individual level) with demographic data. This gives information on ethnicity • These data are linked to other social and economic statistics • Helpful for implementing specific policy programs

  16. Observation (4) Integrating Crime Statistics on an individual level with statistics from other areas is very useful in understanding crime related phenomena and in formulating specific policy measures

  17. CBS Ministry of Justice Min Int. A. Victim Surveys Integrated Comprehensive Victim Survey Police registr. CBS Police statistics HKS System Police suspects Pros. input CBS Court Statistics OMData OBJD Pros. decisions Court decisions Offenders Prison pop. CBS Prison Statistics TULP

  18. Link with other social statistics

  19. Main conclusions The big challenge in the coming years is integration of statistics, preferably on an individual level. Within the different areas of the Criminal Justice System, but also with other (demographic, economic and social) statistics.

  20. Main conclusions (cont.) This in order to get a better understanding of the working of the Criminal Justice System itself and the influence of external factors. Only then a fact based policy making is possible. To achieve this a central statistical bureau, having access to statistics in different areas is very important.