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MACBETH. By William Shakespeare. Date Written: Between 1605 and 1607. For the test, just use 1606. Type of Play: tragedy Setting of Play: Scotland and England. Holinshed’s Chronicles. Written in 1577, it was the most impressive British history England had ever seen.

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Macbeth

MACBETH

By William Shakespeare


Macbeth

Date Written: Between 1605 and 1607. For the test, just use 1606.

Type of Play: tragedy

Setting of Play: Scotland and England


Holinshed s chronicles
Holinshed’s Chronicles 1606.

  • Written in 1577, it was the most impressive British history England had ever seen.

  • In 1587, it was rewritten and added to after Holinshed died. It is the 1587 edition Shakespeare used.


Probable main source
Probable Main Source: 1606.

  • The Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (Holinshed’s Chronicles) by Raphael Holinshed


First performance
First Performance: 1606.

  • Probably 1605 to 1607 at the Globe Theatre. It was printed in 1623 as part of the First Folio


The real macbeth
The Real Macbeth 1606.

  • An 11th century Scot who took the throne in 1040 after killing King Duncan I, his cousin, in a battle near Elgin in the Moray district of Scotland.



Length of play
Length of Play: reign by killing him in battle.

  • 18,301 words long, the shortest of Shakespeare’s tragedies. It has no subplots.


Belief in witches
Belief in Witches: reign by killing him in battle.

  • In Shakespeare’s time, many believed in the power of witches, including King James I.


King james i
King James I reign by killing him in battle.

  • In 1591, when he was king of Scotland, a group of witches and sorcerers attempted to murder him. Their trial and testimony convinced him that they were agents of evil. Thereafter, he studied the occult and wrote Daemonologie, published in 1597.


Themes of macbeth
Themes of Macbeth: reign by killing him in battle.

  • Great ambition, or inordinate lust for power, ultimately brings ruin.

  • All things are not as they appear.


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  • Fate vs. Free will reign by killing him in battle.

  • Deception and treachery often disguise themselves.


Evil banquo
Evil Banquo reign by killing him in battle.

  • The real Banquo is depicted as a conniver who took part in the plot to kill King Duncan.

  • So why did Shakespeare portray Banquo in a positive light in his play?



Preparing a manuscript
Preparing a Manuscript was a descendant of Banquo.

  • Writing Tool: Quill dipped in ink. A quill is a feather (latin word “penna”) Goose feathers were cheapest with crow quills used to make the finest lines.


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When words did not exist to express his thoughts, he made up his own- hundreds of them. Some include:

Eyeball, generous, investment, obscene, radiance, torture, unreal bedroom.


Sources for plays
Sources for Plays: his own- hundreds of them. Some include:

  • History

  • Mythology

  • Other writers


How settings affected writing
How Settings Affected Writing his own- hundreds of them. Some include:

  • Shakespeare had to write descriptions of them into his dialogue.5th


Drafts of plays and censorship
Drafts of Plays and Censorship his own- hundreds of them. Some include:

  • Manuscripts had to be submitted for approval.

  • After writing out a manuscript, a copy was made (by Shakespeare or a professional scribe)


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Master of revels
Master of Revels the government censor.

  • Government censor who examined the fair copy for material offensive to the crown. If approved, the fair copy became known as the prompt copy.


The acting company
The Acting Company the government censor.

  • Would buy the prompt copy, gaining sole possession of it, after paying the writer. The company then wrote in the stage directions.


Alteration of the copy
Alteration of the Copy the government censor.

  • An acting company could alter the manuscript, with or without playwright’s approval.


Therefore
Therefore…. the government censor.

It is possible that editors improved or weakened some of Shakespeare’s manuscripts.


Surviving manuscripts
Surviving Manuscripts the government censor.

No original copy, or foul papers, of a Shakespeare play survived to the present day except for a few pages of Sir Thomas More, partly written by Shakespeare.


Writing format
Writing Format the government censor.

  • Prose and poetry

  • Most plays are written in unrhymed iambic pentameter poetry also known as blank verse.


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Drama terms to know
Drama Terms to know: communication used in everyday writing and speech and does not use a rhyme or meter scheme).

  • Act: One of the main divisions of the play. Shakespeare’s plays are all divided into five acts. Each act is subdivided into scenes.


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  • Scene: Time and place of the action of the play. communication used in everyday writing and speech and does not use a rhyme or meter scheme).

  • Alarum: Stage direction indicating the coming of a battle; a call to arms.

  • Aside: Words an actor speaks to the audience which other actors on the stage cannot hear.


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Printers
Printers: are carrying lit torches.

  • Operated under the control of the Worshipful Company of Stationers, a trade organization.3rd


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