The Addie and Arc Models. By Antwanette Lewis Kellie Love Justin White Jonathan Barris. THE ADDIE MODEL. BRIEF HISTORY. ADDIE MODEL is a model of the Instructional System Design (ISD). ADDIE MODEL first appeared in 1975.
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By Antwanette Lewis
The ADDIE MODEL consists of five phases:
Formative evaluation: present in each stage of the ADDIE process
Summative evaluation: consists of tests designed for criterion-related referenced items and providing opportunities for feedback from users.
The ADDIE MODEL would work well for:
Not a model, but a framework
Not flexible; Does not allow you to add in lessons or ideas as they present themselves
All of the steps have to be known and items you want to cover before implementing the project or wait until the next time it is implemented.
Could take a lot of time to create and implement
Lesson structures that call for certain actions at the beginning, middle or end of the lesson
Overall structure of the course with a variety of units and lessons
The ARCS MODEL has 4 categories:
Use specific, relatable examples, create surprise, take a novel approach, use humor if appropriate
Ask questions, brainstorm, role-play, use hands-on experience
Incorporate different materials such as web based, video, field trips
Explain how the lesson will benefit the learner
Identify the learner’s needs and reasons for learning, and give options to accommodate them
Connect the learning to the learner’s life, experiences, and values
Clearly outline what is expected of the students and the criteria for evaluation
Give the learner choices and meaningful experiences to help facilitate successful learning
Connect the learning with the student’s effort or personal ability
Encourage and support the learner’s fundamental enjoyment of learning
Provide positive reinforcement and motivational feedback
Be consistent, not just within the framework of the assignment, but from one assignment to another
May require the facilitator to completely re-think his or her approach to instruction
Presents difficulties if there are learners of different levels of motivation in the group