The ADDIE M odel. Instructional Design Meagan Peña. The ADDIE Model. Addie is an acronym for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate (Brown & Green, 2011). Extremely popular approach and most commonly used with Instructional Design.
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The ADDIE Model Instructional Design Meagan Peña
The ADDIE Model • Addie is an acronym for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate (Brown & Green, 2011). • Extremely popular approach and most commonly used with Instructional Design. • Extremely helpful with the design process and is extremely successful. • Excellent and very useful tool. The ADDIE Model
The History of The ADDIE Model • 1975 FSU creates the ADDIE Model for U. S. Army (Bransen, Rayner, Cox, Furman, King, Hannum, 1975) • Mid 80’s The last phase, “Evaluation & Control,” is shortened to “Evaluation” (U.S. Army, 1984) • 1995 ADDIE is first used as an Acronym (Schlegel, 1995) • 2000’s ADDIE moves beyond a process model (DeSimone, Werner, Harris, 2002) when used to gain direct intuitive insight into a problem.
The Five Phases of The ADDIE Model ANALYZE DESIGN DEVELOP IMPLEMENT EVALUATE
The Analysis Phase • The analysis phase clarifies the instructional problems and objectives, and identifies the learning environment and learner's existing knowledge and skills (ADDIE Model, 2013 ). • Analysis Questions??? • Who is your audience? • What is your goal? • What is the learning environment? • Who is your learner? • What are your limitations? • What will help you out the most in the design phase?
Design Phase • The design phase deals with learning objectives, assessment instruments, exercises, content, subject matter analysis, lesson planning, and media selection (ADDIE Model, 2013). • Developer’s should: • Brainstorm • Create • Come up with prototypes • Test concepts
Development Phase • In the development phase, instructional designers and developers create and assemble content assets blueprinted in the design phase (ADDIE Model, 2013). • Many Stages of Development • Initial Drafts • Reviews • Re-writes • Testing
Implement Phase • While the concepts and materials have been tested throughout the process, the implementation phase can uncover topics that require further development or re-design work (Shoemaker, 2009). • This is also the phase where the project manager ensures that books, hands-on equipment, tools, CD-ROMs, and software are in place, and that the learning application or website functions (ADDIE Model, 2013).
Evaluation Phase • Formative Evaluation • This type of Evaluation is present in each phase of the ADDIE process. • Summative Evaluation • This type of evaluation is more specific and allows for user feedback. After feedback is received, revisions are made. • Evaluation Questions • Did the learner like the course? • Did the learner achieve what they were suppose too? • Does the course help achieve the specific goals?
SUMMARY The ADDIE Model • 5 Phases of The ADDIE Model • Analyze • Design • Develop • Implement • Evaluate • The ADDIE model was designed to help Instructional Designers design materials to help make a better learning experience. • The ADDIE Model is a blueprint for success. (Shoemaker, 2009).
References ADDIE Model. In Wikipedia. Retrieved June 8, 2013 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ADDIE_Model Branson, R. K., Rayner, G. T., Cox, J. L., Furman, J. P., King, F. J., Hannum, W. H. (1975). Interservice procedures for instructional systems development. (5 vols.) (TRADOC Pam 350-30 NAVEDTRA 106A). Ft. Monroe, VA: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, August 1975. (NTIS No. ADA 019 486 through ADA 019 490). Brown, Abbie & Green, Timothy D. (2011). The Essentials of Instructional Design ( 2nd Ed.). (pp. 3-17). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. DeSimone, R. L., Werner, J. M., Harris, D. M. (2002). Human Resource Development. Orlando, FL.: Harcourt, Inc Schlegel, M. J. (1995). A Handbook of Instructional and Training Program Design. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED383281. Shoemaker, D. (2009). The ADDIE Model. Retrieved June 8, 2013 from http://www.instructionaldesignexpert.com/addie.html U.S. Army Field Artillery School (1984). A System Approach To Training. ST - 5K061FD92. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.