Chapter 21
Download
1 / 16

Chapter 21 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 121 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations. Types of Presentations. Impromptu Extemporaneous Scripted Memorized. Types of Audiences. Clients and customers Colleagues in your organization Fellow professionals at technical conferences The public. Preparing an Oral Presentation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 21' - galvin-middleton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 21

Chapter 21

Making Oral Presentations


Types of presentations
Types of Presentations

  • Impromptu

  • Extemporaneous

  • Scripted

  • Memorized

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Types of audiences
Types of Audiences

  • Clients and customers

  • Colleagues in your organization

  • Fellow professionals at technical conferences

  • The public

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Preparing an oral presentation
Preparing an Oral Presentation

  • Analyze the speaking situation.

  • Organize and develop the presentation.

  • Prepare the presentation graphics.

  • Choose effective language.

  • Rehearse the presentation.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Typical time allotment
Typical Time Allotment

Task Time (20 minutes)

Introduction 2

Body

First major point 4

Second major point 4

Third major point 4

Conclusion 2

Questions 4

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Asg 7 time allotment
Asg 7 Time Allotment

Task Time (15 minutes)

Introduction 3

Body

Results/Findings 8

Conclusion 2

Questions 2

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Introducing a presentation
Introducing a Presentation

  • Introduce yourself and your group.

  • State the title of your presentation.

  • Explain the purpose of the presentation.

  • State your main point.

  • Provide an advance organizer.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Concluding a presentation
Concluding a Presentation

  • Announce that you are concluding.

  • Summarize the main points.

  • Invite questions politely.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Presentation graphics
Presentation Graphics

  • More professional, persuasive, credible

  • Audiences remember graphic information better

  • Gives the audience a focus other than you!

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Effective graphics
Effective Graphics

  • Visibility

    • 24 point type or larger

    • Compress sentences into brief phrases

    • 7 words/7 lines rule

  • Legibility

    • Clear lines for drawings/diagrams

    • Black on white shows best

    • Legible typefaces sans-serifs such as Arial or Helvetica

  • Simplicity

    • Graphic should represent one idea

  • Clarity

    • Point of the graphic should be clear

  • Correctness

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Effective language for a presentation
Effective Language for a Presentation

  • Oral presentations are more challenging than writing a document because:

    • Listeners can't go back to listen again to something they didn't understand.

    • You must maintain your listeners' attention, even if they are hungry or tired or the room is too hot.

    • Use language to signal organization, summaries, transitions.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Use language to signal presentation elements
Use Language to Signal Presentation Elements

  • Advance organizers

  • Summaries

  • Transitions

  • Guidelines for Using Memorable Language

    • Involve the audience.

    • Refer to people, not to abstractions.

    • Use interesting facts, figures, and quotations.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Giving an oral presentation
Giving an Oral Presentation

  • Calm your nerves.

  • Use your voice effectively.

    • Volume, speed, pitch, articulation, fillers

  • Use your body effectively.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Calming your nerves
Calming Your Nerves

  • You are much more aware of your nervousness than the audience is.

  • Nervousness gives you energy and enthusiasm.

  • After a few minutes, your nervousness will pass.

  • Realize that you are prepared.

  • Realize that the audience is there to hear you, not to judge you.

  • Realize that your audience is made up of individual people who happen to be sitting in the same room.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Guidelines for facing an audience
Guidelines for Facing an Audience

  • Maintain eye contact.

  • Use natural gestures.

  • Don’t block the audience’s view of the screen.

  • Control the audience’s attention.

    Remember: the audience is more afraid of you than you are of them ;-}

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations


Answering questions
Answering Questions

  • You’re unsure everyone heard the question.

  • You don’t understand the question.

  • You get a question that you have already answered in the presentation.

  • A belligerent member of the audience rejects your response and insists on restating his or her original point.

Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations