chapter 21 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 21 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 21

Loading in 2 Seconds...

  share
play fullscreen
1 / 16
galvin-middleton

Chapter 21 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

136 Views
Download Presentation
Chapter 21
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Chapter 21 Making Oral Presentations

  2. Types of Presentations • Impromptu • Extemporaneous • Scripted • Memorized Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  3. Types of Audiences • Clients and customers • Colleagues in your organization • Fellow professionals at technical conferences • The public Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  4. Preparing an Oral Presentation • Analyze the speaking situation. • Organize and develop the presentation. • Prepare the presentation graphics. • Choose effective language. • Rehearse the presentation. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  5. Typical Time Allotment Task Time (20 minutes) Introduction 2 Body First major point 4 Second major point 4 Third major point 4 Conclusion 2 Questions 4 Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  6. Asg 7 Time Allotment Task Time (15 minutes) Introduction 3 Body Results/Findings 8 Conclusion 2 Questions 2 Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  7. Introducing a Presentation • Introduce yourself and your group. • State the title of your presentation. • Explain the purpose of the presentation. • State your main point. • Provide an advance organizer. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  8. Concluding a Presentation • Announce that you are concluding. • Summarize the main points. • Invite questions politely. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  9. Presentation Graphics • More professional, persuasive, credible • Audiences remember graphic information better • Gives the audience a focus other than you! Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  10. Effective Graphics • Visibility • 24 point type or larger • Compress sentences into brief phrases • 7 words/7 lines rule • Legibility • Clear lines for drawings/diagrams • Black on white shows best • Legible typefaces sans-serifs such as Arial or Helvetica • Simplicity • Graphic should represent one idea • Clarity • Point of the graphic should be clear • Correctness Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  11. Effective Language for a Presentation • Oral presentations are more challenging than writing a document because: • Listeners can't go back to listen again to something they didn't understand. • You must maintain your listeners' attention, even if they are hungry or tired or the room is too hot. • Use language to signal organization, summaries, transitions. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  12. Use Language to Signal Presentation Elements • Advance organizers • Summaries • Transitions • Guidelines for Using Memorable Language • Involve the audience. • Refer to people, not to abstractions. • Use interesting facts, figures, and quotations. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  13. Giving an Oral Presentation • Calm your nerves. • Use your voice effectively. • Volume, speed, pitch, articulation, fillers • Use your body effectively. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  14. Calming Your Nerves • You are much more aware of your nervousness than the audience is. • Nervousness gives you energy and enthusiasm. • After a few minutes, your nervousness will pass. • Realize that you are prepared. • Realize that the audience is there to hear you, not to judge you. • Realize that your audience is made up of individual people who happen to be sitting in the same room. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  15. Guidelines for Facing an Audience • Maintain eye contact. • Use natural gestures. • Don’t block the audience’s view of the screen. • Control the audience’s attention. Remember: the audience is more afraid of you than you are of them ;-} Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations

  16. Answering Questions • You’re unsure everyone heard the question. • You don’t understand the question. • You get a question that you have already answered in the presentation. • A belligerent member of the audience rejects your response and insists on restating his or her original point. Chapter 21. Making Oral Presentations