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Silk Road • Named for the valuable product from China • Exchanged goods between Asia, the Middle East, and Europe • Had a great influence on the development of China
(pronunciation) • (Only sound “a” makes in Chinese is ahw. There is no sound like in hat.) • Shang • Zhou (JOH) • Qin (CHIN)
Philosophies • Confucianism • Duty – subordinate their own interests to the needs of family and community • Humanity – compassion and empathy for others – Golden Rule • The one thing that remained consistent through thousands of years and different dynasties is Confucianism.
Zhou Dynasty introduced the idea of • Mandate of Heaven • Mandate means – an authoritative command • Idea was that Heaven (god/universe) selected the ruler • When things went well it was proof • When things went badly, e.g. several years of severe drought or people rioting and rebelling, it was proof that it was time to change dynasties.
Qin • Started Great Wall • Terracotta Army