WIGOS & WIS Sub-regional Workshop Date, Venue Name of the presenter Title, name of the national organization Email address (AAA@XXX) WIGOS WIS – AFRICA Sub-regional workshop (name of the country) Presentation
Outline of the presenttaion • Introduction • Organizational Chart • Mission and Basic Info of (full name of your NMHSs) • Network of Observations within NMHS (current status) • Network of Observations outside of Met Services (current status) • Data collection, transmission and management • Data application status and examples • Key achievements, opportunities & challenges (strength, weakness, major difficulty areas, potential risks, etc) • Future plans (new challenges and opportunities-forward looking) • Key recommendations • Conclusion
1. Introdution • Basic information of the country • Geography • Climate zones and meteorological extremes (rainfall, etc) • Population • Major historical meteorological disaster events • Disaster type and distribution (Ref Amos presentation) • Life and economic loss (Ref. Senegal presentation) • Major National Economic sectors relying on Met Services • Agriculture • Transporation • …
Example: RA I Sub-Regional Workshops for WIGOS and WIS for West Africa Geografical location An island country, spanning an archipelago of 10 islands, locate in athalantic ocean, about 640 km of Western Africa ( Senegal )
Most reported events in Africa Drought Floods, incl. flash floods Severe storms and Tropical cyclons Sandstorms Bush fires
Flash floods in Zvishavane, 22/ 11/ 2012, 09:43hrs, after a short lived intense storm.(Photo by Elisha N Moyo Meteorological Services Department Zimbabwe
2. Organizational Chart • Examples of Senegal, Ghana (GMET), • i.e.: Governance structure • Reporting lines (from NMHS to government) • Partner parallel organization relevant to Met Services • Internal structures (observing and telecommunication division/unit within your Met Services)
ORGANOGRAM Department of Water Resources OVERVIEW: Water Quality Hydrology Meteorology Communication Data Analysis Rural Water Supply Forecast Planning, design & siting water point Maintenance of computer equipment Climate Planning, design & drilling of Borehole Monitoring & Repair of Instruments Research & Applications Supervision of well construction Water Sampling Monitoring Surface Water Discharge Salinity Monitoring Atmosphere –Land - Ocean Observation & Monitoring Data Bank Ground Water Level Monitoring The Gambia: www.mofwrnam.gov.gm
ANACIM :National Agency for Civil Aviation and Meteorology Ministry in charge of Air Transportation Director General (PR?) Secretary General ACP Principal Accountant Navigation Meteorology Air Transportation Quality and Norms Dep. Operating and Forecasting Service of Observing network Dep. R&D M. Aero and General Forecasting Marine Meteorology
3. Mission and Basic Info of NMHS • Historical development • Current Mission (ToR, Mandate, for example, climate services, aviation services, hydrological, marine, environmental, air pollution, etc) • Vision statement (if have) • Major service clients (agriculture, fishery, transporation, aviation, climate adapation… • Staff, composition (mainly observers, technicians for observations, instruments and telecommunications) and competence.. • Budget & Finance status (optional)
Introduction (example..) Three (3) climatological stations were established in 1886 By 1937 a modest meteorological service was in West Africa In 1957 the Ghana Meteorological Services Department (MSD) was born Then in December 2004, Ghana Meteorological Agency was established (Act 682)
4. Network of Observations within Met Services (current status) • 4.1 Surface stations • Maps with legend (ex. Guinea, Nigeria, Senegal.) • Tables with more details (type-manual or AWS, observing frequency,etc) • History of these stations (including those silent stations) • …..
RA I Sub-Regional Workshops for WIGOS and WIS for West Africa Classical ( Standard ) Stations 6 ( six ) standard stations Instruments : - Shelter with dry, wet, maximam and minimam thermometers - Heliograph - Rain gauge - Evaporation basin - Rain gauge Collected data in a booklet, and after stored in a data base.
RA I Sub-Regional Workshops for WIGOS and WIS for West Africa Sensors: - Ultrassonic wind - Temp / RH - Pressure - Radiation - Rain Gauge Comunication : - Modem ( GPRS Protocol ) Power : - Solar Panel - Charger controller - Battery Data stored at central station in Sal Climatological Automatic Weather Stations
RA I Sub-Regional Workshops for WIGOS and WIS for West Africa Climatological Automatic Weather Stations Fifteen stations around the islands One central station (receive the datas from all the fifteen AWS, via the modem configured for a SIM card with GPRS protocol) 10 minute and daily files
Example: RA I Sub-Regional Workshops for WIGOS and WIS for West Africa • Aeronautical Automatic Weather Stations Sensors: - Ultrassonic wind - Temp / RH - Pressure - Rain Gauge - Visibility - Cloud ( Ceilometer ) Comunication : - VHF Radio - Modem ( direct link ) Terminals: - TWR - METEO
Example: National Met Stations Network • Day light stations • 24 hr. stations • Stations closed 25 Agro-met Rainfall stations 6 Terrestrial AWSs 1 Marine AWS + Tide gauge The Gambia: www.mofwrnam.gov.gm
W +350 R Radiosonde W Radiowind RW Data void area , need to densify the network Few Automated stations purchased but problem of maintenance, operations, vadalism RW W
Example for improvement • Need improve to include legend
GMet’s Achievements 54 Automatic Weather Stations installed since 2011 Observation stationnetwork
GMet’s Achievements (example for improvement) 54 Automatic Weather Stations installed since 2011 Observation stationnetwork
EXISTING STATION NETWORK Table 1: Synoptic Weather Stations (use this table gives more detailed info)
Marine Stations Distribution sources of accidents(2008). Source DPSPo Case of March 2013 ~ 20 death 4-day forecast Wave Hs Marinemet
Carabane Saint-Louis Dakar Transmitted by GPRS to a Central Server Transmitted by ARGOS to the GTS
4. Network of Observations within Met Services (current status) • 4.2 Upper air stations (Number, type, distribution, observing cycle, etc) • Maps with legend • Tables with more details • History of these stations (including these silent stations)
Remote observations Radar Not operating after one year, since 2006 Difficulty of maintaining Radar In the process… + RETIM, AMESD: environmental data
Upper Air Stations 8 Location(s): Kano, Abuja, Calabar, Yola, Jos, Enugu, Lagos and Maiduguri
Doppler Weather Radars Locations: Completed sites: Lagos, Abuja and PHC On-going sites: Kano,Maiduguri, and Yola.
4. Network of Observations within Met Services (Indicating number, type, distribution, obs. cycle, history of stations etc, of the stations, one slide for each type of station) • 4.3 GAW stations • Map with legent • Table with more details (Instrumentation, mode-operational or research, etc) • 4.4 Hydrological Stations • 4.5 Marine observing components (if have) • 4.6 Weather Radars • 4.7 other remote sensing observing systems (wind profiles, lightning detection, etc) • 4.8 Satellite receiving stations
Table 2: Agricultural Meteorology (Agromet) Stations NIMET also has 2 AGROMET stations and collects data from 4 others, located within institutions of higher learning. • Plateau • The several rainfall stations are also presently at the stage of resuscitation • These rainfall stations are manned by voluntary observers, who send their data to NIMET national collection centre for archiving and quality control.
5. Network of Observations outside Met Services (current status) • 5.1 Name of the Partner Organization 1 • Relationship with NMHS • Maps of station distribution with legend • Tables with more details (type of observations, instrumentation, observing frequency, history of those station, etc) • Data sharing and exchange status • Status of collaborations (MoU, agreements, coordination mechanism, data exchange, etc) • Compliance with WMO standards and practice • ……
XXX organization Observing Network (example for improvement) Overview of XX Observation stationnetwork
5. Network of Observations outside Met Services (current status)-cont. • 5.2 Name of the Partner Organization 2 • Relationship with NMHS • Map of station distribution with legend • Table with more details (type of observations, instrumentation, observing frequency, history of the station,etc) • Data share and exchange status • Status of collaborations (MoU, agreements, coordination mechanism, data exchange, etc) • Compliance with WMO standards and practice • ……
National Hydro Stations Network The Gambia: www.mofwrnam.gov.gm
Table 5: Automatic Weather Observation Stations (AWOS) Owned by Nat. Hydrological Agency
Stations operated by Deutscher Wetterdienst (main stations) • 4 Regional Oberserving Network Groups Hamburg, Potsdam, Offenbach, Munich • 68 Stations with professional Observers, 38 occupied 00-24 UTC, 30 only daytime 48 measuring radioactivity (air+precipitation) 28 RBSN Stations12 Climate Reference (conventional Equipment) 4 GSN-Stations (GCOS) 1 GUAN Station 1 GAW Station • 112 Automated Weather Stations with full equipment • 17 Weather Radar Stations • 9 Aerological Stations (4 autolaunchers, 1 ozone) • 4 Wind Profilers • +35 Stations of Bundeswehr Geoinformation Service DWD September 2012
Additional Stations operated by DWD and Partners • 1787Voluntary Stations (climate; wind; precip), 1367reporting online (24/1 reports per day) Ship-based: • 844 Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) • 19Ship (AWS) (24 reports/day) Last but not least …: • 1304 Phenological Stations (observing plants) • 1500 (approx) Partner stations (motorways, fed.states, wind energy, (nuclear) power-plants, university, military) DWD September 2012
6. Data collection, representative, exchange, and management • 6.1 Data collection means (manual or auto) • 6.2 Data representative (BUFR, or ..) • 6.3 Data exchange (vis GTS, or others, timeliness, etc) • 6.4 Data management • 6.5 Historical data rescue • 6.6 …..
DATA TRANSMISSION AMDS Client Zonal Data Center Intranet Zonal Data Center Intranet Zonal Data Center Intranet Zonal Data Center Intranet Zonal Data Center Intranet Zonal Data Center Intranet AMDS Server National Data Center Intranet e-Met Message Transmiter • Located at 22stations • For transmission of real time data to collection centre • Other stations transmit their data through GSM • The national collection centre sends all messages through Niamey to world collection centre.(Toulouse) • Presently, we are planning to pass through Nairobi for more effective transmission.
7. Data applications & examples • 7.1 observational data utilization in real time disaster monitoring • 7.2 data assimilation in NWP model • 7.3 data utilization in climate monitoring • 7.4 data utilization in met services (for info • 7.5 data utilization in economic sectors • 7.6…
8. Key achievements, opportunities and challenges • 8.1 Key achievements • Strength • Recent developments… • 8.2 New opportunities • Your understanding of WIGOS/WIS as a opportunity • Other WMO Priorities as new opportunity (GFCS, DRR, Capacity Development,etc) • Your National Societal and economic development as New development opportunity • 8.3 Major challenges • Weakness • major difficulty areas • potential risks • Etc..
Example: GMet’s Strengths GMet’s operations are carried out within the framework of a Corporate Strategic Plan. That Plan shows that the GMet possesses a number of operational resources. These include: A basic national network of weather monitoring facilities A competent technical and professional staff A dynamic Workers Union that is highly desirous of witnessing an improvement in the service delivery capacity of GMet and in the working conditions of the Workers Increase in the number and type of Stakeholders and complex service requests
GMet’s Challenges and Weaknesses The constraints are of an infrastructural, logistical and human resource kind. Their removal requires greater stakeholder support and collaboration, and, above all, imaginative ways of generating funds. Inadequate budget and difficulties in Cost Recovery from service delivery for implementation of Strategic Plans Inadequate Professional staff especially in the Operational areas. Non existent marine observation network Poor Producer-User interface for effective Climate Info use. Non existent Feedback networks to raise skill levels in weather and climate information and prediction Lack of outreach programs for weather and Climate information and prediction.
9. Future plans -5-10 year horizon • 9.1 New opportunities (like GFCS, UNFCCC, sustainable development) for new observational requirements • 9.2 New national economic sectors development • 9.3 Existing or potential future plans for improving observation and telecommunication networks • 9.4 planned collaborations with partners • …
PROPOSED WEATHER MONITORING NETWORKS Table 6: Synoptic Stations at 774 Locations (Automatic Weather Observing Stations (AWOS))
Cooperation with our stakeholders • Water Resources Commission -Development of Guidelines for National Dam Safety Unit - Climate change adaptation project (Northern Ghana) • Dev’t of Flood Forecasting Model over White Volta Basin MOFA: Seasonal Forecasts and Dekadal data for Agric use. • VRA : provision of vital weather and climate information for monitoring of Volta Lake for hydropower generation. • NADMO/HSD: GMet provides expert support for Disaster Risk Reduction and a 24/7 weather alert services. • GCAA: Services for safe and secure Air Navigation • GACL: Safe landing and airport capacity including pre-departure weather briefs to pilots. • GIZ: Agric Crop Insurance for farmers.
10. Key recommendations 10.1 Political level recommendation (see example) (to WMO, RA I, Government, etc) 10.2 Policy and management level recommendations • recommendations for promoting synergy within Met Services • Recommendation for promoting collaboration with partners within Nation (mechanism, ) • Recommendation for improving collaborations within sub-region or whole region (mechanisms, feasible changes) 10.3 Technical recommendations 10.4 Recommendation for promote communication & outreach 10,5 Recommendation for capacity development ….
Recommendations and Way Forward • Urgent need to amend Act 682 to address key issues like legal framework on funding and resource mobilization for the Agency. • The development of relevant and adequate human capital in the Agency especially in areas such as: • Public Weather Service and Disaster risk reduction • Climate change studies and research • Aeronautical Meteorology • Climate modelling and downscaling • Extreme value analysis for Weather parameters • Marine and Agro Meteorology • Numerical Weather Prediction to meet emerging Industry needs. • Provisioning of adequate infrastructural facilities. Engineering a platform for accurate and timely delivery of Climate and weather information for planning and policy formulation and feedback loops