China’s Leaders and Changes Chapter 16 Section 1
Govt of China (1920s) • Nationalist party in power • Had many challenges to their power • Ppl had no experience with representative govt-it wasn’t working so well • Chinese Communist Party emerges • Joins forces with the Nationalists to: (see page 347) • get rid of foreigners and fight warlords • Want to take over the Nationalists from within • Nationalists become suspicious and kill the Communists • Communists are attacked and must flee Nationalist army • This becomes known as: (see page 347) • The Long March
Difficult time in China • Some wanted to get rid of govt • Communists led by Mao Zedong take over China from the Nationalists (about 15 years after the Long March) • What class of Chinese aided Mao? (see page 347) • peasants • Nationalists where aided by US • Why were the Nationalists unable to win? (see page 351) • Low morale, poorly paid and fed soldiers, corruption in the Nationalist party
Communism-system of govt where there is common ownership of property • System appealed to poor because (see page 352) • common ownership of land and end of oppression • Appealed to middle class because it promised to end humiliation caused by imperial powers • Revolution was led by the proletariat (see page 352) • industrial working class & peasants
Summary • Write a summary that describes how Mao was able to take over China.
Communism in China • On paper (see page 352) • Set up national congress • Free elections • Other rights • In reality it was a dictatorship • Govt & econ controlled by communists • Mao Zedong becomes leader of People’s Republic of China • Created a totalitarian state (see page 352) • govt controls every aspect of citizens lives • Used propaganda to make Mao a hero • Spread of ideas to promote a cause or damage an opposing cause
Mao Zedong’s Policies • End foreign influence • Increase food production • Build schools • Expand health care
Maos’s successor-Deng Xiaoping • How did Deng undo some of Mao’s policies? (see page 353) • Allowed students to study abroad • Welcomed foreign investment • Educated Chinese wanted democratic reforms • Students gathered to demand political freedom
Tiananmen Square- Beijing • June 1989-govt orders students to go home • Students refuse • Army open fires-killing or wounding several thousand • Govtarrested,tortured & executed leaders of the movement • Show that China’s govt would not be challenged
Yes-No-Why • The Chinese government should have avoided using violence at Tiananmen Square. • Be sure to create an argument for both sides of this statement.
Assignment • What aspects of China’s culture and traditions does Mao scorn? • On page 353 in your text is a poster circulated during Mao’s tenure. Create a propaganda poster that also could have been circulated that would have promoted one of Mao’s policies.