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1 st Block Chapter 16 Section 3

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  1. 1st Block Chapter 16 Section 3 The Holocaust

  2. Group Members • Justin Maddox • Stevi Gibson • Dillon Campbell • Gina Ghioto • Gary Harris

  3. Terms and Names • Aryan • Holocaust • Kristallnacht • Ghetto • Final Solution • Genocide

  4. Aryan • To the Nazis, the Germanic people who formed a “master race” • Blond hair, blue eyes

  5. Holocaust • Mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during World War II

  6. Kristallnacht • “Night of Broken Glass” • The night of November 9th, 1938, on which Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues through-out Germany

  7. Ghetto • City neighborhoods in which European Jews were forced to live. • Segregated Jewish areas. • The Nazis sealed the Jews off in the Ghettos with barbed wire and stone walls.

  8. Final Solution • Hitler grew impatient of waiting for Jews to die of disease and starvation • He decided to take more direct action • Hitler began a program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people

  9. Genocide • The systematic killing of an entire people, such as a religion or race • To protect racial purity, the Nazis had to eliminate other races, nationalities, or groups they viewed as inferior “subhumans” • Although there were others, the Nazis main focus was on the Jews

  10. Star of David • After 1941, all Jews in German-controlled areas had to wear a yellow Star of David patch, which looked similar to the star on the right

  11. Death Camps • Six million European Jews died in these death camps and in the Nazi massacres • Fewer than four million survived • These camps were mainly located in Germany and Poland • Most prisoners lost 50 pounds in just the first few months • Gas chambers in the death camps could kill up to six thousand people in one day • The Nazis soon installed cremators and ovens to dispose of the bodies • Jews were used as slaves seven days a week

  12. Never to Forget • “All the things for which my parents had worked for 18 long years were destroyed in less than 10 minutes. Piles of valuable glasses, expensive furniture, linens-in short, everything was destroyed…The Nazis left us, yelling, ”Don’t try to leave this house! We’ll soon be back again and take you to a concentration camp to be shot.” • Quoted in Never to Forget: The Jews of the Holocaust by M. I. Libau

  13. Night • “Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky. Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever… Never shall I forget those moments which murdered my God and my soul and turned my dreams to dues… Never.” • Quoted in Night by Elie Wiesel

  14. Auschwitz Uprising • Ella Gartner and Roza Robota made the Auschwitz uprising possible by smuggling gunpowder into the camp from the munitions factory in which Ella worked • Robota helped organize resistance in the camp • They were both executed on January 6th, 1945 • Less than a month after their execution, Auschwitz was liberated

  15. Jews Killed Under Nazi Rule

  16. Puzzle Unscramble each of the clue words.Copy the letters in the numbered cells to other cells with the same number.

  17. What was the Holocaust? What special features did Aryans have, and how did the Nazis view them? Kristallnacht was the Night of what, and why was it named this? What are ghettos? What was the “Final Solution”? How many Jews died total? How many Jews survived the Holocaust? At the Death Camps, the gas chambers could kill how many in one day? How many days a week did prisoners in the camps work as slaves? What did the Nazis install to get rid of the bodies of those they had slaughtered? A systematic mass slaughter of Jews and other groups judged inferior by the Nazis Aryans have blond hair and blue eyes, and the Nazis viewed them as a “Master Race” Night of Broken Glass, and it is the night that Nazi storm troopers stormed Jewish homes and synagogues Ghettos are segregated Jewish areas in Poland and Germany Hitler’s program of systematically killing an entire people Six million died during the Holocaust Less than four million survived. Six thousand Seven Cremators and ovens The Holocaust

  18. Resources • www.Google.com • www.PuzzleMaker.com • Modern World History text book • www.Dictionary.com • http://www.micetrap.net/shop/catalog/images/angryracially.jpg