Skeletal System. Types of Skeletons. There are 2 types of skeleton. Exoskeleton. Endoskeleton. Example: Humans Endoskeleton basically means that the skeleton is inside the body. “Endo” meaning within. . Example: Crabs, lobster, Shrimp etc
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Endoskeleton basically means that the skeleton is inside the body. “Endo” meaning within.
Example: Crabs, lobster, Shrimp etc
Exoskeleton means that the skeleton is outside of the body which allows it to have that hard shell. “Exo” meaning outside of the body.
The newborn human body consist of about 300 bones. But when the body reaches certain ages, certain bones start to fuse together which lower the number. When a body reaches adulthood it usually has around 206 bones.
Phalanges- Any of the bones of the metacarpus.
Skull- The bony or cartilaginous framework of the head of vertebrates, made up of the bones of the braincase and face; cranium.
Mandible- The lower jaw of a vertebrate animal.
Sternum- A long flat bone in most vertebrates that is situated along the ventral midline of the thorax and articulates with the ribs. The manubrium of the sternum articulates with the clavicles in humans and certain other vertebrates.
Rib Cage-The enclosing structure formed by the ribs and the bones to which they are attached.
Vertebral Column- the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord.
Pelvic Girdle- A bony or cartilaginous structure in vertebrates, attached to and supporting the hind limbs or fins. Also called pelvic arch.
Femur- A bone of the leg situated between the pelvis and knee in humans. It is the largest and strongest bone in the body.
Patella- A flat triangular bone located at the front of the knee joint. Also called kneecap.
Tibia- The inner and larger of the two bones of the lower human leg, extending from the knee to the ankle.
Fibula- The outer and narrower of two bones of the human lower leg, extending from the knee to the ankle.
Tarsal- Of or relating to the tarsus of the eyelid: the tarsal ligaments.
Metatarsals- Any of the bones of the metatarsus