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Understanding Students with Traumatic Brain Injury. Chapter 13. TBI. Traumatic Brain Injury. Definition.

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TBI

Traumatic Brain Injury

definition
Definition
  • An acquired brain injury caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term applies to open or closed head injuries.
open head injury
Open Head Injury
  • Penetrates the bones of the skull, allowing bacteria to have contact with the brain
    • Impairs specific functions, usually only those controlled by the injured part of the brain
closed head injury
Closed Head Injury
  • External blow or from the brain being whipped back and forth rapidly, causing it to rub against and bounce off the rough, jagged interior of the skull
causes of tbi
Causes of TBI?
  • A blow to the head
  • A motor vehicle accident
  • Being struck by a flying object
  • A bike or skiing or sledding accident
  • Physical abuse
  • Sports injury
  • Gun shot
  • Shaken baby syndrome
changes
Changes
  • Depends on the area of the brain that was injured
  • Forgetting-Memory
  • Slowed performance
    • Reading, writing, math
  • Organization
  • Physical and psychological
  • Interpersonal relationships
  • Impulsive
  • Communication
  • Behavioral
determining the presence of tbi
Determining the Presence of TBI
  • Computerized tomography - CT
  • Computerized axial tomography - CAT
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Positron emission tomography
prevalence
Prevalence
  • CDC estimate 100 out of every 100,000 people every year suffer TBI
  • 52,000 die each year
  • 2.5 to 6.5 million people have survived TBI
cost of tbi
Cost of TBI
  • TBI in US = $48.3 billion a year
  • $31.7 billion in hospitalization
  • $16.6 billion associated with fatalities
  • $10 billion for acute care
hospital to school
Hospital to School
  • Involve educators during the hospital stay
  • Keep school personnel updated on student’s medical progress
  • Make the time for homebound instruction as short as possible
  • Frequently monitor the student’s progress after reentry
  • Assign someone to be the point person for coordinating the transition
back to school
Back to school
  • Accommodate
    • Meet with nurse
    • Teacher
    • Administrators
  • Develop
    • IEP
      • Assessments
      • Team
accommodations
Accommodations
  • Testing
    • Give more time
    • Different styles
  • Classroom
    • Seating
    • Keeps records of student
  • Repetitions-Routines
learning strategies
Learning Strategies
  • Memory
    • Flash Cards
    • Routine
    • Familiar surroundings
  • Academic
    • Have some one help him (tutor)
    • Repetition
  • Behavioral
    • Anger management
    • Problem solving
slide15
More…
  • Types
    • Woodcock-Johnson-III
      • Tests of Achievement
    • WISC-III
      • Measures IQ
      • Vocabulary
      • Comprehension
    • TONI-3
      • Nonverbal
slide16
More…
  • Woodcock-Johnson-III
    • Letter-word identification
    • Reading
    • Story Recall
    • Understanding Directions
    • Spelling, Writing
    • Math
    • Compression
resources
Resources
  • http://www.safekids.org/
  • http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/brainfit.html
  • http://www.biausa.org/Pages/biam2003/imbrainy.html
activity
Activity
  • In group
    • Read poems
      • Notice back side of paper
      • Put names of all members present
    • Answer the two questions