Emerald Ash Borer: An Introduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

fathi
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Emerald Ash Borer: An Introduction PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Emerald Ash Borer: An Introduction

play fullscreen
1 / 25
Download Presentation
Emerald Ash Borer: An Introduction
114 Views
Download Presentation

Emerald Ash Borer: An Introduction

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. David Cappaert, Michigan State University, bugwood.org Emerald Ash Borer: An Introduction

  2. Varies with Pest Pressure • Tier I: Early infestation • (hard to identify early EAB infestations) • Bark Splitting • Woodpecker foraging • Tier II: Mid level infestation • Woodpecker foraging • Canopy thinning • Epicormic sprouting • Tier III: Heavy infestation • Canopy thinning • Woodpecker foraging • Epicormic sprouting What to look for in the trees Bugwood.org

  3. EAB infestations start in the upper part of the tree • EAB likes open grown or edge trees first (generally warmer) • It takes 2-3 years to kill a tree once a large infestation occurs Signs & Symptoms

  4. Signs & Symptoms: Bark Splitting Crack Note the galleries under the crack

  5. Bark splitting Signs & Symptoms

  6. Woodpecker foraging Signs & Symptoms

  7. Woodpecker foraging Signs & Symptoms Woodpecker hole

  8. Epicormic, or water sprouting Signs & Symptoms

  9. Signs & Symptoms David Cappaert, Michigan State University, bugwood.org

  10. Signs & Symptoms: Canopy Thinning

  11. So, what can you do?

  12. Management Options • SLowAsh Mortality = SLAM • Survey • Early Detection • Visual signs and symptoms • Purple traps and girdled trees • Population reduction • Remove infested trees and destroy EAB • Attractive clusters of girdled trees • Removed and destroyed after egg laying

  13. Control Options • Resistance • ID and incorporate genetically into native species • Biological Control • Parasitoid wasps in culture (Asian and native).Fungus a possibility. (USDA FS NRS, Biological Control of the Emerald Ash Borer, 2010) • Silviculture – tried but not successful for control • Mechanical – chipping to 1 inch in 2 dimensions • Pesticides • Systemics are the only effective pesticides

  14. Community Trees: Remove Based on a small poll of some CNY communities, the average cost to remove a street tree is $440. • Range of $150 to $1325 per tree • Size of tree, condition of tree, location of tree, and contractor versus staff all affect price. • Residential Trees can be even more Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources - Forestry Archive, Bugwood.org

  15. Community Trees: Pesticides • Can kill EAB in an ash (up to 40% infested) • Do not apply if EAB is more than 10 miles away • Effectiveness varies • Imidacloprid – only non-professional chemical registered • Emamectin benzoate (Tree-age) – most effective • Azadirachtin (TreeAzin) – neem seed product, inconclusive • Frequency of application (every 1 or 2 years) • EAB may persist in an area for more than 10 years???

  16. Pesticides • Issues (continued) • Size of Trees – ineffective spread in crown of old trees • aesthetic considerations – is this the same tree you intended to save?

  17. Don’t rush, make CALCULATED DECISIONS • Identify Your ASSETS • Develop Response PLANS • SURVEY regularly for EAB • Be Prepared to ACT PROMPTLY • Work with a forester to outline your goals and help you get top dollar for your forest investment. • Start the process now! Forests and Wild Trees

  18. Community Trees Think of this as your community. How will the death of all these trees effect your town?

  19. How do you decide what to do? • Evaluate the cost of different treatment or removal scenarios • Consider the impact of each scenario on the your home, community or landscape • What are your long term goals for your property? • What are your community’s long term goals?

  20. Impact of EAB St. Paul, MN Ash Removal- Minn. Public Radio, Nov 2009

  21. Impact of EAB St. Paul, MN Ash Removal- Minn. Public Radio, Nov 2009

  22. What can you do to NOW help Ash Trees • Slow the Spread- Don’t Move Firewood • Serve on an EAB Community Preparedness Planning committee to make decisions for your community. • Help Conduct Community Tree Inventories • Monitor for EAB • Report Suspicious Sightings • Local CCE Office http://www.cce.cornell.edu/ • DEC Hotline (866)640-0652 • http://beetledetectives.com/ • Collect Ash Tree Seed http://www.nsl.fs.fed.us/geneticconservation_ash.html • Educate Yourself and Your Friends and Neighbors

  23. More Assistance • CCE New York Invasive Species Information Web Site: www.nyis.info • Cornell Cooperative Extension: www.cce.cornell.edu • NYS Department of Environmental Conservation: www.dec.ny.gov • NYS Agriculture and Markets: www.agmkt.state.ny.us/PI/eab.html

  24. Thoughtful solutions result in a better outcome. We may not be able to stop it right now, but we can Slow The Spread

  25. Credits • Presentation prepared by • Rebecca Hargrave, Horticulture and Natural Resources Extension Educator, Cornell Cooperative Extension of Chenango County, jrh45@cornell.edu, and • Mark Whitmore, Forest Entomologist with Cornell University Department of Natural Resources mcw42@cornell.edu • Funded through USDA/APHIS and Cornell University April 4 ,2011