Lesson 2 – The Multi Store Model of Memory

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Lesson 2 – The Multi Store Model of Memory. How many objects from Kim’s game can you remember from last week?. BATs Draw the Multi-Store Model of memory (D) Distinguish between each store in MSM in terms of duration and capacity (C ) Describe the processes of attention and rehearsal (D)

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Presentation Transcript
Lesson 2 – The Multi Store Model of Memory

How many objects from Kim’s game can you remember from last week?

BATs

• Draw the Multi-Store Model of memory (D)
• Distinguish between each store in MSM in terms of duration and capacity (C )
• Describe the processes of attention and rehearsal (D)
• Explain how forgetting occurs through displacement and decay (B/C)
Core Theory – The Multi-Store Model
• In 1968 Atkinson and Shiffrin introduced a model to help explain human memory.
• They suggested that there were 3 memory stores working together
• Short Term Sensory Store (STSS)
• Short Term Memory (STM)
• Long Term Memory (LTM)
Can you label the Multi-Store model?

maintenance

rehearsal

transfer

attention

Short-term

memory

sensory

store

Long-term

memory

input

encode

retrieval

output

STM and LTM differ in terms of ….
• Capacity –

how much information can be stored

• Duration –

how long something can be stored

Jot down the letters

I T V C B B C G S S C

How many did you get right?

Did you get them in the right order?

Did you spot a system you could use?

These are called CHUNKS

ITV CBBC GSSC

Capacity
• Psychologists have found that STM holds on average 7 chunks of info
• Some people can only hold up to 5 and others up to 9
• Miller called this..

‘the Magic number 7 +/- 2’

How much do you think we can store in LTM?

Try the activity to replicate an experiment by Peterson and Peterson in 1959.
• P22 Activity 2.7
• I have some trigrams for you if you can’t create your own.
• You will need a stopwatch – you can use your mobile phones or watches if you like!
Forgetting…
• What happens in memory when we run out of time or as time passes?

Information decays (if not rehearsed)

(ii) What happens in memory when we run out of space?

Information is displaced – normally on a ‘first in first out’ basis.

Be Creative!!
• Create a 3D model of the MSM
• Role play how the MSM works
• Create a poster or storyboard
• Write a poem, story

We will judge them later for

Use of key words, how easy to understand, creativity

Can you label the Multi-Store model?

maintenance

rehearsal

transfer

attention

Short-term

memory

sensory

store

Long-term

memory

input

encode

retrieval

output

Homework

1.Do Activity 2.4 p 19 of your text book

TIP -Try to use all parts of the MSM to describe how you would learn the number from first reading or hearing it to remembering it days after learning it.

Take at least 30 minutes on this

2. Fill in glossary or learn key words learnt today