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Acid-Base Reactions. Definitions . Strong Acids HCl HBr HI HNO 3 HClO 4 H 2 SO 4. Acid: a species that supplies H + ions to water Strong acid: an acid that completely ionizes in water forming an H + ion and an anion

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definitions
Definitions

Strong Acids

HCl

HBr

HI

HNO3

HClO4

H2SO4

  • Acid: a species that supplies H+ ions to water
  • Strong acid: an acid that completely ionizes in water forming an H+ ion and an anion
  • Weak acid: an acid that only partially ionizes in water to give an H+ ion and an anion
definitions1
Definitions

Strong Bases

LiOH

NaOH

KOH

Ca(OH)2

Sr(OH)2

Ba(OH)2

  • Base: a species that supplies OH- ions to water
  • Strong Base: a base that completely ionizes in water forming a OH- ion and a cation
  • Weak base: a base that is only partially dissociated to form OH- ions in water
  • Weak bases react with water and the OH- comes from the water. The remaining H+ ion form the water attaches itself to the weak base.
writing equations for acid base reactions
Writing Equations for Acid-Base Reactions

Write the net ionic equation between citric acid, H3C6H5O7 and sodium hydroxide.

General form: HB + OH- B- + H2O

H3C6H5O7 + OH-H2C6H5O7- + H2O

Write the net ionic equation for phenylaniline, C6H5NH2 and hydroiodic acid.

C6H5NH2 + H+  C6H5NH3+

Write the net ionic equation for potassium hydroxide and perchloric acid.

OH- + H+ H2O

Write the net ionic equation for barium hydroxide and ascorbic acid, HC6H7O6.

OH- + HC6H7O6 -- H2O + C6H7O6-

acid base reactions1
Acid-Base Reactions
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  • 34, 36, 38, 40, 42