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Modern Life of India Family Life & Marriage Traditions Most follow the arranged marriage tradition. Families are large. Extended Families live together. Marriages are male dominated & divorce is rare. Modern Life of India Family Life & Marriage Traditions

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modern life of india
Modern Life of India
  • Family Life & Marriage Traditions
    • Most follow the arranged marriage tradition.
    • Families are large.
    • Extended Families live together.
    • Marriages are male dominated & divorce is rare.
modern life of india3
Modern Life of India
  • Family Life & Marriage Traditions
    • Urban Indians tend to follow fewer traditions than rural Indians.
modern life of india4
Modern Life of India
  • Traditional Diet
    • It is largely vegetarian.
      • Rice
      • Legumes
      • Flatbreads like “chapati or roti”

Some Indians eat meat, fish, & chicken.

Curry is a favorite type of sauce consumed.

Meat consumption is low partly to some Hindu & Muslim practices.

modern life of india5
Modern Life of India
  • Sports & Recreation
    • Soccer
    • Field hockey
    • Cricket
    • Indian classical music that uses traditional instruments like the sitar & tablag)
    • Pop Music is growing.
    • Mumbai (Bombay) has a huge film industry.
modern life of india6
Modern Life of India
  • Milestones for most young people
    • Festivals are a big part of Indian life for all ages.
    • Traditional dress for women includes
      • Embroidered skirts
      • Head shawls
      • Jewelry
modern life of india7
Modern Life of India
  • Milestones for most young people
    • Women often have more family responsibilities than men.
    • Women often have less access to education & professional jobs.
modern life of india8
Modern Life of India
  • Milestones for most young people
    • Free education is available to people ages 6-14.
    • Some children start working at the age of 10 years old.
    • Rural women often marry by age 16.
    • Urban women often marry by age 17.
    • Males can enter the military at age 17.
    • The voting age is 18
modern life of india9
Modern Life of India
  • Education
    • Free education is available for people ages 6-14 years, but many people cannot take advantages because of the shortage or schools & great distance.
    • Middle & Upper income Indians are more likely to receive more education.
    • Urban Indians are more likely to be educated.
modern life of india10
Modern Life of India
  • Education
    • City slums & rural Indians are less likely to receive as much education as other Indians.
    • School attendance is irregular & literacy is low in these Indian populations.
modern life of india11
Modern Life of India
  • Education
    • India’s government has placed a high priority on education.
    • Literacy has risen steadily since the 1950s, but education is still a problem for many Indian people, especially for low income Indian more likely found in rural areas & urban slums.
indian culture
Indian Culture
  • Languages
    • Number of languages
      • The Indian constitution recognizes 18 major languages.
      • There are over 1000 different languages & dialects.
      • Southern Indian has great diversity in languages & ethnic groups.
      • One big ethnic group in the south is the Dravidians.
      • The Dravidians speak non-Indo-European languages.
indian culture13
Indian Culture
  • Languages
    • Official Language
      • Hindi is the official language & it is the most widely spoken language.
      • Hindi still can present language barriers because of many dialects.
indian culture14
Indian Culture
  • Languages
    • Importance of English
      • English is widely spoken.
      • The is partly due to England’s past rule over the region.
      • Most Indian business people & government officials speak English.
indian culture15
Indian Culture
  • Hindu Religion’s Impact on Indian Culture
    • The Hindu religion & customs are rooted from Aryan settlers.
    • Number of Indian Hindus
      • 80 percent
indian culture16
Indian Culture
  • Hindu beliefs
    • Reincarnation
      • Is the rebirth of souls after death.
      • People get reincarnated until they become one with Brahman (the sum of all spiritual forces).
      • People have to work out their bad karma through reincarnations until they achieve the ultimate spiritual state & become one with Brahman.
indian culture17
Indian Culture
  • Hindu beliefs
    • Karma
      • These are the moral consequences a person’s behavior that impacts a person’s fate later in life or in future life.
      • Bad behavior can result in bad karma.
      • Good behavior can produce good karma.
indian culture18
Indian Culture
  • Hindu beliefs
    • Caste System
      • Started as an Aryan social class system that turned into the Hindu social class system that still influences Indian society.
      • Examples
        • Brahmans
          • Priests & Scholars
        • Kshatriyas
          • Rulers & Warriors
        • Vaisyas
          • Farmers & Merchents
        • Sudras
          • Artisans & Laborers
indian culture19
Indian Culture
  • Hindu beliefs
    • More on the Caste System
      • Untouchables
        • Called “dalits”
        • These people are the lowest members of Indian society.
        • They are actually “outside” the caste system.
        • They are “outcasts.”
        • Dalits or Untouchable status has been been outlawed since India became independent of UK.
indian culture20
Indian Culture
  • Hindu beliefs
    • Dharma
      • These are the duties of the class system.
      • The only way to move up in the caste system is through reincarnation.
      • The caste system has provided social stability, social order, & a clear division of labor.
      • But it has been used to discriminate against people & keep people from improving their lives.
indian culture21
Indian Culture
  • Other Indian Religions
    • Islam
      • 2nd to Hindu with 150 million followers
      • Millions of other Indian Muslims left India when Pakistan formed in 1947.
    • Jainism
    • Christianity
    • Sikhism
    • Buddhism