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Modern India. India’s Government. Democratic independent republic government Uses parliamentary system 2 Houses Lok Sabha (House of People) Rajya Sabha (Council of States) Headed by prime minister Federal System Power is divided between national government and states.
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India’s Government • Democratic independent republic government • Uses parliamentary system • 2 Houses • Lok Sabha (House of People) • Rajya Sabha (Council of States) • Headed by prime minister • Federal System • Power is divided between national government and states
Unity and its Challenges • Indians identify first with region they live, not with the nation • Golden Temple • Holiest shrine of Sikhs • Located in Punjab region, one India’s richest states • Sikhism/Sikhs • Blends Hinduism and Muslim beliefs • Meant to bridge religions, but brought persecution
Unity and its Challenges • Struggle • Some Sikhs want independence from India and be called Khalistan • 1984 • Sikh radicals occupied and stored weapons in Golden Temple • Indian army sent in • Sikhs killed • Legacy anger, fear, and mistrust
India and the World • Nonalignment • Policy in which India would not become an ally with the U.S. or the Soviet Union during the Cold War • India had dispute China and Pakistan • China crossed India’s mountain border, but later withdrew • India has fought 3 wars with Pakistan since the partition
Nuclear India • India has spent heavily on defense to protect its borders • India has successfully tested the atomic bomb • Refused to sign treaty that bans spread of nuclear weapons • Thinks its unfair that U.S. and Russia keep nuclear weapons while other countries “watch with empty hands”
India’s Economic Development • India ranks among world’s leading industrial nations • India has one of world’s largest and fastest growing middle class • India has one world’s largest railway systems • Most widely used form of transportation for moving both people and goods • India’s advantage lies in its vast resource of skilled computer personnel • Computer professional in high demand around the globe
India’s Economic Development • Bangalore nickname “Silicon Valley” • Highly skilled computer technology jobs • India is location of many outsourced jobs • Outsourcing • Sending some or all of your work to another country • Indian companies provide more cost effective technical support than Western companies
India’s Economic Development • Cottage industries: small family businesses where goods are made at home • Valuable to India’s economy • Obstacle to India’s economic growth • High population
India’s Movie Making Capital • Located in Mumbai • World’s largest movie producer • Mumbai’s nickname is “Bollywood” • ½ of India’s movies made in Mumbai • Celebrities made from movies, like Hollywood in U.S.
Additional Vocabulary • Emigrated: moving away • Capital: money • Central economic planning: government sets goals for industry and agriculture • Nationalized: government takes over ownership of some businesses • Privatized: to sell to private owners