Basic Forms of Government Republic, Democracy, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Anarchy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Basic Forms of Government Republic, Democracy, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Anarchy
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Basic Forms of Government Republic, Democracy, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Anarchy

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  1. Based on the John Birch Society Video: The American Form of Government Presented for the Summer Education Program San Tan Valley – Queen Creek Tea Party Patriots Basic Forms of GovernmentRepublic, Democracy, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Anarchy

  2. The United States of America “Well, Doctor, what have we got—a Republic or a Monarchy?” “A Republic, if you can keep it.”

  3. What do Americans Believe today? Most Americans believe the United States form of Government is a Democracy What most people do not realize is the very important differences between a Democracy and a Republic form of government

  4. What are Political Systems? • The set of formal legal institutions that constitute a “government” or a “state.” • The term comprehends actual as well as prescribed forms of political behaviour, not only the legal organization of the state but also the reality of how the state functions. • A set of “processes of interaction” or as a subsystem of the social system interacting with other nonpolitical subsystems, such as the economic system . . .

  5. Political Spectrums Mistaken Views of the Political Spectrum Communists Moderates Fascism

  6. Political Spectrums What are the real political spectrums? Total Government Power No Government Power 100% 0% Communism Socialism Nazism Fascism Princes Kings Dictators Etc.

  7. Misplacement of Government forms in the Political Spectrum Communism Socialism Nazism Fascism Princes Kings Dictators Etc. Nazism and Fascism on the Right or Left of the spectrum? The terms must be defined properly . . . Total Government Power No Government Power 100% 0%

  8. Political Spectrums Constitutional Moderates Communism Socialism Nazism Fascism Princes Kings Dictators Etc. Protecting the Rights of the People What is found in the middle of the spectrum? Total Government Power No Government Power 100% 0%

  9. Political Spectrums Oligarchy Republic Monarchy Democracy Anarchy What are the forms of Government?

  10. Monarchy or Dictatorship Rule By One . . . • Doesn’t really exist • Always a group that puts one of its members up front • A king has his councils . . . • A Dictator has his bureaucrats or commissars • But this system is always governed by a group in reality

  11. Political Spectrums X Oligarchy Republic Monarchy Democracy Anarchy Monarchy is not a real form of Government . . .

  12. Oligarchy • Ruled by a Group • Most common form of Government historically and today • Ruled by a Powerful few • A legitimate form of government

  13. Political Spectrums Oligarchy Republic Democracy Anarchy Monarchy is not a real form of Government . . .

  14. Anarchy Without Government • Opposite side of the Spectrum • A hatred for government and its crimes • Some believe that it is best not to have a form of government

  15. Ancient Greeks • Without law there can be no Freedom • Anarchy does not work

  16. Founding Fathers Agreed . . . Some amount of government is anecessary force in any civilized orderly society . . .

  17. Anarchy • Every person must watch out for themselves • Property is at risk • Armed civilians • Movement is restricted because you may lose what you leave behind at your property

  18. Protectors of the People • Civilized societies have always hired a protector or guardian • Sheriff • Police force • A branch of government • Law enforcement brings freedom • Property is protected so people can go to work and travel

  19. Proper Amount of Government The proper amount of Government makes everyone freer

  20. Forced Anarchy • Some want anarchy not because they want no government, but because they do not like what they have • Anarchy is used as a tool for revolutionary change • Anarchy produces a vacuum . . . • Once government is removed, something must replace it

  21. Forced Anarchy • Some want anarchy not because they want no government, but because they do not like what they have • Anarchy is used as a tool for revolutionary change • Anarchy produces a vacuum . . . • Once government is removed, something must replace it

  22. Forced Anarchy • Rioting, looting, destroying businesses, terrorism • All designed to bring about the change the anarchist want • The people caught up in the disaster beg those who are ready to take over to save them and to restore order • Who stops the chaos? • The very people who started it

  23. Anarchist Government • Those who fill the void and take over then set up an oligarchy to rule with total power • Lenin and the Unions • Iranians and the students • Hitler and the Brown Shirts • Castro and Mao and many others

  24. Anarchist Government • Chaos introduces change and takeover • It is only a temporary form of government • It is only a temporary means for bringing about a new form of government • It is not a legitimate government

  25. Political Spectrums X Oligarchy Republic Democracy Anarchy Anarchy is not a real form of Government . . .

  26. Political Spectrums Oligarchy Republic Democracy

  27. Democracy • Two Greek words: • Demos = People • Kratein = To Rule • The Rule of the People or Majority Rule

  28. Democracy sounds good . . . • But there are downsides . . . • What if the majority wants to take away a persons home, business or even children? • There has to be limits! • The flaw: The Majority isn’t restrained! • 51% can decide the fate of the other 49%

  29. Political Spectrums What about a Republic? Oligarchy Democracy Republic

  30. Republic • Two Latin words: • Res = Thing • Publica = Public • The Public Thing or The Law

  31. True Republic • The Government is limited by Law • Leaving the people alone

  32. Founding Fathers • Wiped away tyranny • They had a clean slate to write on • Could have set up an Oligarchy • George Washington could have been King! • Founding fathers knew history • Provided the Rule of Law instead • A Republic was formed • Democracy was shunned and hated by the Founding fathers

  33. Why a Republic and not a Democracy? • Consider what happens in a Democracy when a horse thief is captured • A Posse of 35 cowboys catches the horse thief • In a democracy the posse can vote 34-1 to hang the horse thief • Democracy has triumphed • One less horse thief to contend with

  34. Why a Republic and not a Democracy? • Consider what happens in a Republic when a horse thief is captured • A Posse of 35 cowboys catches the horse thief • In a Republic the posse can vote 34-1 to hang the horse thief • But then the sheriff arrives and tells the posse you can’t kill the horse thief • The horse thief has the right to a fair trial

  35. Why a Republic and not a Democracy? • A jury of peers is chosen to decide the fate of the horse thief after evidence is presented • The Jury must be unanimous or the defendant goes free • The rights of the accused are sustained • The Rule of Law prevails

  36. Language used by the Founding Fathers • The word Democracy is not used in the: • Declaration of Independence • The US Constitution • The Constitutions of the 50 States • The founders did everything they could to not have a democracy

  37. James Madison • The author of the US Constitution

  38. Alexander Hamilton

  39. Samuel Adams

  40. History of Democracy • Founding Fathers knew the history of the Greek Democratic states • Government excesses leads to mob rule, Anarchy, and then Tyranny under and Oligarchy

  41. Greek Solan • Law needs to be written that is not subject to Majority rule and its whims and winds of change

  42. Roman law • Romans followed Solans counsel • Created Laws to limit government and to leave the people alone • Freedom left people to excel in production and to keep the fruits of their labor • Wealth and envy of the world

  43. Downfall of Rome • Forgot the value of their freedom • They forgot that the essence of freedom is the proper limitation of government • When government power grows the freedom of the people recedes • Political parties and politicians seized the power away from the people • Redistribution of property, government subsidies, housing and welfare programs, higher taxes to pay for government followed • Profits declined, companies failed and mobocracy followed demanding bread and circuses • Freedom was traded for security

  44. Fall of Rome • Republic collapsed which lead to a democracy which lead to an Oligarchy, which lead to the Caesars

  45. The fallacy of democracy • Not a valid government • Gradual transition between a limited government to the unlimited rule of an Oligarchy

  46. Political Spectrums Democracy is a transitional form of government . . . X Oligarchy Democracy Republic

  47. Political Spectrums There are really only two choices . . . Oligarchy Republic

  48. Which do you want? • An Oligarchy or a Republic? • What are you going to do when you hear someone say our country is a Democracy? • Why do Politicians use the word Democracy and not Republic?