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Solar System. Can You Name the Planets?. Major Solar System Bodies. Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto. Terrestrial. Jovian. Mnemonics. M V E M J S U N P My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pies

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solar system

Solar System

Can You Name the Planets?

NSF North Mississippi GK-8

major solar system bodies
Major Solar System Bodies
  • Sun
  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • Earth
  • Mars
  • Asteroid Belt
  • Jupiter
  • Saturn
  • Uranus
  • Neptune
  • Pluto

Terrestrial

Jovian

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mnemonics
Mnemonics

M V E M J S U N P

  • My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pies
  • My Very Easy Memory Jingle Seems Useful Naming Planets

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solar system roughly to scale
Solar System Roughly to Scale

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slide6
Sun
  • A star
  • Also called “Sol”
  • 99.86% of Solar System mass
  • All other objects rotate around the Sun

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terrestrial planets
Terrestrial Planets
  • Terrestrial means “Terra-like”
  • Terra is another name for Earth
  • Four Terrestrial Planets
    • Mercury
    • Venus
    • Earth
    • Mars
  • None have rings, some have moons

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mercury
Mercury
  • Closest to the Sun
  • Covered in craters
  • Second smallest
  • Only planet with scarps
  • Only partially explored
  • No atmosphere
  • 800 °F peak temperature

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venus
Venus
  • Earth’s “sister planet”
  • Extremely hot
  • 96% carbon dioxide atmosphere
  • 90 atmospheres of pressure
  • Sulfuric acid rain (battery acid)

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earth
Earth
  • Only planet with known life
  • Only planet with a hydrosphere
  • Visible moon
  • Also called “Terra”
  • Densest planet

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slide11
Moon
  • Not a planet
  • Easily visible
  • Formed by giant impact
  • Covered in craters

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moon craters
Moon Craters

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moon landing
Moon Landing

Buzz Aldrin

(posing)

Neil Armstrong

(reflection)

July 20, 1969

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aldrin posing armstrong reflection
Aldrin(Posing)Armstrong(reflection)

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earth rise
Earth Rise

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slide16
Mars
  • The “Red Planet”
  • Carbon Dioxide polar caps
  • Two moons (captured asteroids)
  • NASA currently exploring

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slide17
Mars

Viking Lander

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slide18
Mars

Viking Lander

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mars s moons
Mars’s moons

Phobos

Deimos

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asteroid belt
Asteroid Belt
  • Stretch of Asteroids between Mars and Jupiter
  • Very sparsely populated
  • First Asteroid ever discovered was Ceres.

Eros

Ida

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jovian planets
Jovian Planets
  • Jovian means “Jove-like”
  • Jove is another name for Jupiter
  • Also called “Gas Giants”
  • Four Jovian Planets
    • Jupiter
    • Saturn
    • Uranus
    • Neptune
  • All have moons and rings

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jupiter
Jupiter
  • Great Red Spot
  • Largest planet
  • 318 times as massive as Earth
  • At least 63 moons
  • 4 Galilean moons
  • Also called Jove

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great red spot
Great Red Spot
  • Permanent Hurricane
  • At least 300 years old
  • Larger than the Earth
  • Winds move several hundred mph

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galilean moons
Galilean moons

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saturn
Saturn
  • Easily visible rings
  • Rings created from former moons
  • Gas Giant
  • Second largest
  • 34 moons
    • Titan

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titan
Titan
  • Only moon with full atmosphere
  • Similar to early Earth
  • Ice volcanoes spew ammonia (like window cleaner)
  • Cassini-Huygens probe
  • Methane or Ethane seas

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titan probe image panorama
Titan Probe Image Panorama

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uranus
Uranus
  • Relatively featureless
  • Tilted over 90 degrees
  • Blue-green
  • Methane atmosphere
  • 27 moons

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neptune
Neptune
  • Extremely Blue
  • Same size (roughly) as Uranus
  • Great dark spot
    • Atmospheric hole
  • Strong storms
  • 13 moons

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pluto
Pluto
  • Smallest planet
  • Neither Jovian nor Terrestrial
  • May not be a planet
  • One moon, Charon
    • No rings
  • Not explored
  • Highly elliptical orbit
    • 20 of every 248 years, Neptune is further

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pluto and charon
Pluto and Charon

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review
Review
  • How many planets are there?
    • There are 9 planets.
  • Can you name the planets in order from the Sun?
    • Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.

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review1
Review
  • What is the smallest planet?
    • Pluto
  • What is the largest planet?
    • Jupiter
  • Which planet is closest to the Sun?
    • Mercury

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review2
Review
  • Which planet is furthest from the Sun?
    • Pluto
  • Which planet is called “The Red Planet”?
    • Mars
  • Which planet has sulfuric acid rain and is called Earth’s “sister”?
    • Venus

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review3
Review
  • Which planet is known for its rings?
    • Saturn
  • Can you name some Solar System objects which are not planets?
    • The Sun, The Moon, other moons, Asteroids

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the end
The End

Great Job!

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credits
Credits
  • Prepared By
    • Derek Park
    • NSF NMGK-8
    • University of Mississippi
    • July 2005
  • Images and Information(see next slide for links)
    • Wikipedia
    • NASA
    • University of Cincinnati Dept. of Physics

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credits continued
Credits (Continued)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_system
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sun
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercury_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturn_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neptune_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluto_(planet)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caloris_Basin
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_mare
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asteroid_belt
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Red_Spot
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galilean_Moon
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Io_(Moon)
  • http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov
  • http://www.physics.uc.edu/~hanson/ASTRO/LECTURENOTES/F04/GASGIANTS/Page24.html

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