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Korea South Korea North Korea Hankuk Chosun 한국 조선 韓國 朝鮮 PowerPoint Presentation
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Korea South Korea North Korea Hankuk Chosun 한국 조선 韓國 朝鮮

Korea South Korea North Korea Hankuk Chosun 한국 조선 韓國 朝鮮

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Korea South Korea North Korea Hankuk Chosun 한국 조선 韓國 朝鮮

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  1. KoreaSouth KoreaNorth KoreaHankuk Chosun한국조선韓國朝鮮 The land of the morning calm

  2. Geopolitical Location • Appendage to China • “Dagger pointed at the heart of Japan” Manchuria

  3. Geography Overall Shape? • What do you see? Size: • Roughly equal to Utah Population: in ‘06 • South Korea: 48,846,823 • North Korea: 23,113,019 Climate: • Temperate: • Cold winters • Hot, wet summers Topography: • Mountainous

  4. Divided Nation • Japanese Occupation 1910 • Divided in 1945 • Carrot used by US to lure USSR into the Pacific phase of WWII • 38th Parallel • North: Soviet realm… ergo Communist • South: US realm … ergo Capitalist • Korean War: 1950-53 • Enemies • Divided Families • No mail, no trade, no visits, no phone calls

  5. Ethnic Homogeneity “Racially pure,” Unique Race East Asian or Mongoloid racial group • Strong sense of racial identity • Self-identification as distinct from other Asian nations

  6. Korean Language한국어 조선말 Altaic Language Group Structurally identical to Japanese 60% of vocabulary borrowed from Chinese Distinct from both Not a tonal language Regional dialects – Just like U.S.

  7. Korean Language한국어 조선말 Early Literacy: Chinese Early Writing: Chinese Characters 1400s Hangul – commissioned by King Sejong • Phonetic system • “Simple enough for women & servants”

  8. Writing System Mixed Writing system • Chinese root words written in Chinese characters • 900 characters to pass middle school • 1800 characters to pass high school • Korean Native words written in Hangul • Typical until 1945 • North Korea dropped Chinese about 1950 • Hangul only newspapers in South Korea first published in 1988

  9. Hwan-ung (god figure) Tiger and Bear want to be human Live in cave 100 days eating mugwort and garlic Bear endures and becomes a woman She prays for a husband Hwan-ung takes her as wife and they bear a son, Tangun who governs over the people of Korea National Creation Myth:Tangun 2333 BC See http://www.lifeinkorea.com/information/tangun.cfm for a simple but solid version of this story on the web.

  10. Native Religious Traditions • Animistic religious beliefs • Shamanism • Mudang: • Korean Shaman • Always Female • Kut: • Korean exorcism • Ecstatic dance

  11. Native Spiritual / Cultural Concepts • Han • Collective burden of historic pain • Centuries of oppression • Eons of suffering • Creates a sorrow, sense of ‘blues’ that is unique to Koreans and pervades their art, music and culture

  12. Nature of the Human Soul Similar to China – spirit resides in the environment of its life/death. Burial practices similar to China Native Spiritual Concepts

  13. Native Spiritual Concepts Ancestor Veneration: • Chesa • Enhanced & formalized by Confucianism • Major part of civil responsibility in later Korean history

  14. Borrowed Religious Concepts • Daoism • Focus on nature • Fengshui • Confucianism • Buddhism • Christianity – arrives late

  15. Daoist ideas:Symbolism of the South Korean Flag • Center is the Korean version of the Yin-Yang symbol • The four trigrams are: • ☰; geon (건; 乾) = heaven 天 • ☷; gon (곤; 坤) = earth 地 • ☲; ri (리; 離) = sun 日 • ☵; gam (감; 坎) = moon 月

  16. Fengshui (Chinese)Pungsu (Korean) • Geomancy • Wind and Water • Used in: • Interior decorating • Architecture • City planning, etc. • 5 Frog Brothers Folk tale…

  17. Confucianism • Borrowed from China • Dominant Governing Ideology in later dynasties • Major impact on Korean Culture • Hierarchy • Ritualism and formality • Male dominance

  18. Borrowed from China About 50 CE Becomes important about 500 CE Adopted by early dynasties Political dominance early on Coexists with Confucianism, Daoism and native traditions -- usually Buddhism

  19. Christianity • Catholics enter 1774 • Protestants enter 1884 • Both become politically and socially very important • Protestants 1900 to the present • Catholics briefly about 1800 and again since 1970 (much more to come in later history discussion) Myongdong Cathedral: Seoul