Lord of the Flies by William Golding
Background • The story takes place during WWII, probably on an island somewhere in the Atlantic. • Several boys between the ages of 6 and 12 have been evacuated from their war-torn boarding school.
Chapter 1: The Sound of the Shell • Name & describe the first two characters we meet. How are their attitudes about the island different? • Why does Ralph’s talk of rescue sound naïve or innocent? • What seems to be the importance of the conch shell? • Who is Merridew and what is our first impression of him?
Chapter 1: The Sound of the Shell • How can we see that Jack is used to leading? • Who is elected leader? • Although Piggy seemed to be the smartest and Jack is an obvious leader, why is Ralph elected chief? • How is the division of labor arranged?
Chapter 1: The Sound of the Shell • In what ways did Ralph disappoint Piggy? • What is the first act of willful destruction? What is the boys’ reaction? • What takes place when Jack, Ralph, and Simon find a piglet caught among the creepers? • At this point, what is the relationship b/w Jack & Ralph?
Chapter 2: Fire on the Mountain • What function has the clearing by the lagoon, described as a platform, seem to have assumed? • How does the conch become the visible symbol of authority? • What are Jack’s feelings about rules? • What does the frightened boy tell the group, and how does it affect them?
Chapter 2: Fire on the Mountain • Who accepted the responsibility for tending the fire? • What does Piggy reluctantly contribute to the fire? • What changes had to be made as a result of the fire?
Chapter 2: Fire on the Mountain • What further characteristics of Piggy are revealed in this chapter? • On what ominous note does this chapter end?
Chapter 3: Huts on the Beach • How successful is Jack in the second hunt? • Why is Ralph getting frustrated? • Who is the only one who helps Ralph build the huts? • When Jack is hunting or talking about hunting, what kind of look does he have? What does this seem to signify?
Chapter 3: Huts on the Beach • What conflict arises between Jack and Ralph? • Why is Ralph so concerned about the “littluns”? • What is revealed about Simon in this chapter? • What literary term is used in this quotation: “They walked along, two continents of experience and feeling…”?
Chapter 4: Painted Faces & Long Hair • Describe the activities of the “littluns.” • Why do Roger and Maurice knock over the sand castles of the “littluns”? • What literary terms are used in the following quotation: “The sun gazed down like an angry eye”? (58)
Chapter 4: Painted Faces & Long Hair • What is revealed about Roger by his actions in this chapter? • Why does he stop short of actually hitting Henry? • What comment is made about civilization? • How is the comment foreshadowing?
Chapter 4: Painted Faces & Long Hair • How do the hunters prepare for another hunt? • How does the mask free Jack? • Describe the hunters’ return. • How do the hunters react to Ralph’s angry tirade?
Chapter 4: Painted Faces & Long Hair • What incident creates yet another barrier between Jack and Ralph? • What two worlds does the narrator say that Jack and Ralph depict? • Describe the confrontation between Jack and Piggy.