MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of the Renaissance
Renaissance Instruments • The Renaissance saw the development of a variety of instruments that closely resemble those of today • As with modern instruments, these were often grouped into “families”. • The two most important families were the VIOLS and RECORDERS
The Viol Family • The viols are often described as the ancestors of the violin family, but this is not in fact the case. • Viols and Violins existed side-by-side and were used for different purposes
The Viol Family • Viols were quieter than Violins and were designed to be played indoors • Violins were much louder and more suitable for dance music and outdoor activities
The Viol Family • The Viol has FRETS (like a guitar) but it is played with a bow. • It has SIX strings whereas the Violin only has four • What other differences can you see between a Viol and a Violin?
The Viol Family • A Consort of Viols. What do you notice about the way they are being played?
The Recorder Family • Recorders were also very popular instruments during the Renaissance period and are of course still played today
The Recorder Family • The recorder also comes as a family of several instruments • Many well-to-do families would have had “a chest of recorders” (a boxed set) and would have brought them out and played them as a means of entertainment
The Lute • The lute is thought to have existed as far back as ancient Egypt • During the early Renaissance, it was used principally to accompany singers • Later, it became a solo instrument in its own right
The Sackbut • The Sackbut is a brass instrument which is clearly the ancestor of the modern trombone
The Shawm • The shawm is also thought to have existed in antiquity • Shawms originated in the Middle East • The Shawm is the predecessor of the modern Oboe
The Serpent • The Serpent is a bass wind instrument • It has finger holes like a woodwind instrument but uses a mouthpiece like a brass instrument • It is no longer in use today, but is thought to be a distant relation of the Tuba
The Crumhorn • Another reed instrument that originated in the Middle East • The Crumhorn is no longer in use today and did not develop into a modern equivalent
The Cornett • Cornetts sound like soft trumpets but are made of wood and have finger holes • They often played with the Sackbuts • The Cornet today is a type of Trumpet