Musical Instruments System for Classification Joy Cecil-Dyrkacz, Faith Donkor, Alexandra Frey, Amanda Glenn-Bradley, Martin Parker, and Ellen Stevens
Introduction Musical Instrument Collection • Defined in Oxford Dictionaries as “an object or device for producing musical sounds” • System created to organize and catalog musical instruments from different museums and institutions Oxford Dictionaries (2013). http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/instrument
Established Cataloging & Classification Systems Hornbostel-Sachs System • Developed in 1914 by Erich Mortiz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs • Similar number classification as Dewey Decimal system • Identifies instruments based on method of vibration resulting in sound transmission: • idiophones - sound produced by vibrating themselves • membranophones - sound produced by a vibrating membrane • chordophones - sound produced by vibrating strings • aerophones - sound produced by columns of air • electrophones - sound produced by electricity (added circa 1970)
Established Cataloging & Classification Systems Musical Instrument Museums Online (MIMO) • Largest open-access database for musical instruments (2011) • Main families: wind, stringed, keyboard and percussion • Identification: title, repository, inscription and description • Classification: object type, classification, keyword and Hornbostel-Sachs class • Events: production, date and place • Digital Resources: type such as image and hyperlinks • Original Record: raw metadata
Our UNCG Museum Classification System Combination of Hornbostel-Sachs and MIMO • Added components of Getty’s Categories for Description of Works of Art (CDWA) as a framework for mapping new and old art information systems in the online environment.
Fields of Entry • Hornbostel-Sachs Number/Categorical Description • Name/Title of Object • Order • Creator • Date of Creation • Materials • Clef/Pitch/Range • Size • Inscriptions/Descriptions/Notations • Location • Accession Number
Notes to Remember • Capitalization/Punctuation • Attention to Detail • Annotation
Physical Location • Display • Storage • Care of Materials • Accessibility • Inclusion in Online Catalog
References Harpring, P. (2013). Categories for the Description of Works Art. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/cdwa/index.html. Hornbostel, E. M. & Sachs, C. (1961). Classification of Musical Instruments: Translated from the Original German by Anthony Baines and Klaus P. Wachsmann. The Galpin Society Journal, 14, 3-29. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/842168 Kartomi, M. J. (1990). On Concepts and Classifications of Musical Instruments. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Musical Instrument Museums Online Consortium. (2011). Revision of the Hornbostel-Sachs Classification of Musical Instruments by the MIMO Consortium. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from http://www.mimo-international.com/documents/Hornbostel%20Sachs.pdf Music Dictionary (2013). Hornbostel-Sachs. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from http://www.music.vt.edu/musicdictionary/texth/Hornbostel-Sachs.html. Oxford Dictionaries (2013). Instrument. Retrieved November 9, 2013 from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/instrument.