The Middle Bronze Age in Mainland Greece & Dating Methods. Bronze Age Chronology. Crete Minoan (Minos - mythical king) Cyclades Cycladic (Aegean island chain) Mainland Helladic (Hellas = Greece) Early EBA EM EC EH (3100-2000) Middle MBA MM MC MH (2000-1650)
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Crete Minoan (Minos - mythical king)
Cyclades Cycladic (Aegean island chain)
Mainland Helladic (Hellas = Greece)
(ca. 3100/3000-1925/1900 B.C.)
(ca. 1925/1900-1750/1720 B.C.)
(ca. 1750/1720-1490/1470 B.C.)
(ca. 1490/1470-1075/1050 B.C.)
Carbon-14 (radiation emission) Mallia & Zakro)
Thermoluminescence Dating (radiation reception)
Obsidian Hydration (post-flaking water absorption, but temperature, chemical variation)
Stratigraphic Sequence (later on top of older)
Typological SequenceDating Techniques
C-14 dating can determine the age of organic material up to 40,000 years old.
Church very hesitant, very reluctant to do
been given so many conflicting opinions
Volcanic glass Mallia & Zakro)
Sharper than surgical steel
Blades, tools (cutting crops, projectile points, drills, etc.)
Water absorption “rind”
relative dating method: a older than b
absolute dating method where a calendar date (AD/BC) is producedObsidian Hydration dating
Some layers of ice contain high levels of dust and acidity caused by volcanic eruptions.
historical eruptions, e.g. Krakatoa (1883) or Vesuvius (AD 79), can be correlated with ice-cores
further undocumented eruptions in prehistoric times may also be detected.Ice Cores for BA Aegean
Typological Sequence caused by volcanic eruptions.
Barbed & Tanged?
(a) saucer, EHII caused by volcanic eruptions.
(b) sauceboat, EHII
(c) askos, EHII
(d) plate, EHII-III
(e) tankard, patterned ware, EHIII
(f) 2-handled bowl, EHIIIEarly Helladic Pottery
a) ring-stemmed goblet, Grey Minyan ware caused by volcanic eruptions.
(b) kantharos, Grey Minyan ware
(c) barrel jar, Aiginetan Matt-painted ware
(d) kantharos, Matt-painted ware
(e) Matt-painted cup, with ‘panelled’ style of decoration;
(f) jug, Mainland Polychrome styleMH Pottery