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Final Regents Review: GREECE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Final Regents Review: GREECE. By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY. The Geography of Greece. Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE - 700 BCE. Bronze Age Greece. Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos ). Knossos : Minoan Civilization. Minoan Civilization.

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slide1

Final Regents

Review:

GREECE

By: Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY

slide3

Archaic

Greece:

1650 BCE - 700 BCE

slide11

"Hellenic"

(Classical)

Greece:

700 BCE - 324 BCE

slide14

Early Athenian Lawgivers

  • Draco
    • “draconian”
  • Solon
  • Cleisthenes
    • created the first democracy!
slide16

Persian Wars: Famous Battles

  • Marathon (490 BCE)
    • 26 miles from Athens
  • Thermopylae (480 BCE)
    • 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass
  • Salamis (480 BCE)
    • Athenian navy victorious
slide18

Great Athenian Philosophers

  • Socrates
    • Know thyself!
    • question everything
    • only the pursuit of goodnessbrings happiness.
  • Plato
    • The Academy
    • The world of the FORMS
    • The Republic philosopher-king
slide19

Great Athenian Philosophers

  • Aristotle
    • The Lyceum
    • “Golden Mean” [everything inmoderation].
    • Logic.
    • Scientific method.
slide20

Athens: The Arts & Sciences

  • DRAMA (tragedians):
    • Aeschylus
    • Sophocles
    • Euripides
  • THE SCIENCES:
    • Pythagoras
    • Democritus  all matter made up of small atoms.
    • Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine”
slide31

SPARTA

Helots Messenians enslaved by the Spartans.

slide34

"Hellenistic"

Greece:

324 BCE - 100 BCE

slide41

Hellenistic Philosophers

  • Cynics  Diogenes
    • ignore social conventions & avoid luxuries.
    • citizens of the world.
    • live a humble, simple life.
  • Epicurians  Epicurus
    • avoid pain & seek pleasure.
    • all excess leads to pain!
    • politics should be avoided.
slide42

Hellenistic Philosophers

  • Stoics  Zeno
    • nature is the expansion of divine will.
    • concept of natural law.
    • get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but toperform virtuous acts for the good of all.
    • true happiness is found ingreat achievements.
slide43

Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences

  • Scientists / Mathematicians:
    • Aristarchus  heliocentric theory.
    • Euclid  geometry
    • Archimedes  pulley
  • Hellenistic Art:
    • More realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art.
    • Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age!