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Final Regents Review: GREECE. By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY. The Geography of Greece. Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE - 700 BCE. Bronze Age Greece. Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos ). Knossos : Minoan Civilization. Minoan Civilization.

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Final Regents

Review:

GREECE

By: Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY



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Archaic

Greece:

1650 BCE - 700 BCE



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Crete: Minoan Civilization(Palace at Knossos)


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Knossos: Minoan Civilization




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Homer: The “Heroic Age”



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"Hellenic"

(Classical)

Greece:

700 BCE - 324 BCE


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ATHENS: Yesterday & Today



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Early Athenian Lawgivers

  • Draco

    • “draconian”

  • Solon

  • Cleisthenes

    • created the first democracy!


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Persian Wars: 499 BCE – 480 BCE


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Persian Wars: Famous Battles

  • Marathon (490 BCE)

    • 26 miles from Athens

  • Thermopylae (480 BCE)

    • 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass

  • Salamis (480 BCE)

    • Athenian navy victorious


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Golden “Age of Pericles”:460 BCE – 429 BCE


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Great Athenian Philosophers

  • Socrates

    • Know thyself!

    • question everything

    • only the pursuit of goodnessbrings happiness.

  • Plato

    • The Academy

    • The world of the FORMS

    • The Republic philosopher-king


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Great Athenian Philosophers

  • Aristotle

    • The Lyceum

    • “Golden Mean” [everything inmoderation].

    • Logic.

    • Scientific method.


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Athens: The Arts & Sciences

  • DRAMA (tragedians):

    • Aeschylus

    • Sophocles

    • Euripides

  • THE SCIENCES:

    • Pythagoras

    • Democritus  all matter made up of small atoms.

    • Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine”


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Phidias’ Acropolis



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The Parthenon


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The Agora




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The Ancient Olympics:Athletes & Trainers





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SPARTA

Helots Messenians enslaved by the Spartans.




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"Hellenistic"

Greece:

324 BCE - 100 BCE








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Hellenistic Philosophers

  • Cynics  Diogenes

    • ignore social conventions & avoid luxuries.

    • citizens of the world.

    • live a humble, simple life.

  • Epicurians  Epicurus

    • avoid pain & seek pleasure.

    • all excess leads to pain!

    • politics should be avoided.


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Hellenistic Philosophers

  • Stoics  Zeno

    • nature is the expansion of divine will.

    • concept of natural law.

    • get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but toperform virtuous acts for the good of all.

    • true happiness is found ingreat achievements.


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Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences

  • Scientists / Mathematicians:

    • Aristarchus  heliocentric theory.

    • Euclid  geometry

    • Archimedes  pulley

  • Hellenistic Art:

    • More realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art.

    • Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age!