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World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War"

World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War". War Mobilization. 1. Enlistment. The Most Famous Recruitment Poster. Uncle Sam—He the Man!. Don’t Mess with the U. S. “ Huns Kill Women and Children!”. The “Little Soldier”. 1917 – Selective Service Act.

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World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War"

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  1. World War I -- America on the Homefront: "The Poster War"

  2. War Mobilization

  3. 1. Enlistment

  4. The Most Famous Recruitment Poster

  5. Uncle Sam—He the Man!

  6. Don’t Mess with the U. S.

  7. “Huns Kill Women and Children!”

  8. The “Little Soldier”

  9. 1917 – Selective Service Act 24,000,000 men registered for the draft by the end of 1918. 4,800,000 men served in WW1 (2,000,000 saw active combat). 400,000 African-Americansserved in segregated units. 15,000 Native-Americans served as scouts, messengers, and snipers in non-segregated units.

  10. 2. Expansion of the Federal Government

  11. Council of National Defense War Industries Board – Bernard Baruch Food Administration – Herbert Hoover Railroad Administration – William McAdoo National War Labor Board – W. H.Taft & Frank P. Walsh

  12. U. S. Food Administration

  13. U. S. Food Administration

  14. U. S. Food Administration

  15. National War Garden Commission

  16. U. S. School Garden Army

  17. U. S. Shipping Board

  18. U. S. Fuel Administration

  19. U. S. Fuel Administration

  20. Results of This New Organization of the Economy? • Unemployment virtually disappeared. • Expansion of “big government.” • Excessive govt. regulations in eco. • Some gross mismanagement  overlapping jurisdictions. • Close cooperation between public and private sectors. • Unprecedented opportunities for disadvantaged groups.

  21. New Social/Economic Opportunities

  22. 1. Women

  23. YWCA – The Blue Triangle

  24. Munitions Work

  25. The Girls They Left Behind Do Their Bit!

  26. Women Used In Recruitment Hello, Big Boy!

  27. Even Grandma Buys Liberty Bonds

  28. The Red Cross - Greatest Mother in the World

  29. The Red Cross Nurse

  30. National League for Woman’s Service

  31. 2. African-Americans

  32. Opportunities for African-Americans in WW1 “Great Migration.” 1916 – 1919  70,000 War industries work. Enlistment in segregated units.

  33. True Sons of Freedom

  34. For “Colored” Men in Service

  35. African-Americans on a Troop Ship Headed for France

  36. “Rescuing a Negro During the Race Riots in Chicago”, 1919

  37. 3. New American Immigrants

  38. The “Flag of Liberty” Represents All of Us!

  39. We are ALL Americans!

  40. United War Work Campaign

  41. American Committee for Relief in the Near East

  42. Wartime Propaganda

  43. The Committee of Public Information (George Creel) America’s “Propaganda Minister?” Anti-Germanism. Selling American Culture.

  44. “Remember Belgium”

  45. The “Mad Brute”

  46. Beat Back the “Hun”

  47. The “Menace of the Seas”

  48. Creel Commission Film

  49. Attacks on Civil Liberties

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