Geographic Concepts. Unit One Ms. Taylor’s Human Geography. Geographic terms. Scale. The relationship between a portion of the earth you are looking at and the Earth as a whole.
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Ms. Taylor’s Human Geography
Did you know that how we “see” the world depends on how we project the world?
U S A.
The Earth is a sphere. Therefore, it cannot be projected on a flat map without distortion. The question is,
which kind of distortion?
Map Projections--Distortions inevitable: have to decide what aspects are most important to preserve: distance, shape, direction, area, and proximity--Match the projection with task at hand
Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594)Frontispiece to Mercator's Atlas siveCosmographicae, 1585-1595. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Rare Book Division, Lessing J. Rosenwald Collection.
On a Mercator projection, invented by Gerardus Mercator in 1569, any straight line is a line of constant compass bearing. This enables a navigator to plot a straight-line course.
Mercator Projection, it
distorts the size and shape
of land areas.
Fact: South America is
8 times as large as
Fact: Africa is 14 times
as large as Greenland.
The Peters Projection is an
“equal area” map. It
represents areas accurately,
but it seriously distorts shapes.
Compare the size of Europe to Africa on the two maps.
Compare the size of the former USSR to China on the two maps.
(a partial list)
Religion | Language | Architecture | Cuisine | Technology | Music Dance | Sports | Medicine | Dress | Gender roles | Law Education | Government | Agriculture | Economy | Sport | GroomingValues | Work ethic | Etiquette | Courtship | Recreation | Gestures
What else would you include in your definition of culture?
Some images to consider…