Expansionism rapid settlement & economic development of the West - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Expansionism rapid settlement & economic development of the West

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  1. Expansionismrapid settlement & economic development of the West

  2. EXPANSIONISM • Advance to the Mississippi • Manifest Destiny • Texas Independence and Annexation • The War Against Mexico • Westward Expansionism

  3. Expanding Settlement, 1810-1850

  4. EXPANSIONISM • The Advance to the Mississippi • Harrison Land Act of 1800 • Federal Land sales • New States - Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois Alabama, Missouri • 160 acres for .50 cents an acre • 4 yrs to pay at 1.50 per acre • Great Plantations appeared in Alabama and Mississippi • Planters from Virginia, the Carolinas & Georgia moved inland

  5. EXPANSIONISM • The Advance to the Mississippi • Indian Removal East of the Mississippi • The Trail of Tears • John C. Calhoun, Monroe's Secretary of War established a resettlement policy of Indians beyond Missouri Rivers • by 1830's completed • William Henry Harrison destroyed Indian power in Northwest. • Andrew Jackson crushed the Creeks & Cherokees of the Southwest

  6. EXPANSIONISM • Advance to the Mississippi • Manifest Destiny • Texas Independence and Annexation • The War with Mexico • Westward Expansionism

  7. EXPANSIONISM • Manifest Destiny "Our manifest destiny (is) to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions." John O' Sullivan "Democratic Review” 1845 Zinn pg. 152

  8. EXPANSIONISM • Advance to the Mississippi • Manifest Destiny • Texas Independence and Annexation • The War Against Mexico • Westward Expansionism

  9. EXPANSIONISM • Texas Independence • American Immigration to Texas • Independence Declared • Battle of the Alamo • Lone Star Republic 1836 Sam Houston (Portrait Gallery)

  10. EXPANSIONISM • Texas Annexation 1845 • The Democrats and Expansion • Polk Elected • U.S. agrees to annex Texas 1845 • Texas /Mexico Border Dispute • U.S. states Rio Grande River • Mexico claims Nueces River • Mexican order to prohibit U.S. immigration to CA • Bear Flag Revolt 1845 James K. Polk (Portrait Gallery)

  11. EXPANSIONISM • Advance to the Mississippi • Manifest Destiny • Texas Independence and Annexation • The War Against Mexico • Westward Expansion

  12. EXPANSIONISM • The War Against Mexico 1846-1848 • War and Expansionism • Zachary Taylor advances from Nueces to Rio Grande • 11 Americans killed by Mexicans on 3/8/46 • U.S. declared war • 1700 Americans died, 4000 Mexicans, • most die from disease • Zinn p.162 • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo July 4, 1848 • Texas, CA & New Mexico & 1 million sq. miles become a part of the United States • U.S. paid $15 million

  13. EXPANSIONISM The Mexican War, 1846-1848

  14. EXPANSIONISM • Advance to the Mississippi • Manifest Destiny • Texas Independence and Annexation • The War Against Mexico • Westward Expansion

  15. EXPANSIONISM 1820-1840’s • Westward Expansion • Early Explorers • Lewis & Clark • Zeb Pike • Trappers • Hudson Bay Co. • American Fur Co. • Rocky Mt. Fur Co. • Mountain Men • Jed Smith • Josiah Walker • Surveyors/Scouts • John C. Fremont Western Trails

  16. EXPANSIONISM

  17. EXPANSIONISM • Westward Expansion • The Mormons 1830-1851 • Early Settlers/ Conestoga Wagons • 1840’s to Oregon & CA • Applegates, Lassens, Bidwells, Bartlesons, Donner Party

  18. EXPANSIONISM • Westward Expansion • Oregon Territory • “Joint Occupation”  • The Westward Migration • The Oregon Trail  • Growing American Settlements The Oregon Boundary, 1846

  19. Compromise over Oregon “54’ 40” or Fight!” Britain relinquished all territorial claims 1846 The Oregon Boundary, 1846

  20. EXPANSIONISM • Westward Expansion • Gold Discovery in California 1848 • In 1849 30,000 would be miners set out overland from Missouri to CA • Another 25,000 made it by sea • Few became rich, but the hundreds of thousands pushed CA towards statehood

  21. The Gold Rush

  22. The Mother Lode

  23. EXPANSIONISM • Westward Expansion • Gadsden Purchase • bought from Mexico for 10 mill. 1853 • Mail routes/Pony Express 1860-1861 • Transcontinental Railroad 1869

  24. EXPANSIONISM

  25. EXPANSIONISM • Westward Expansion • Early Explorers • Trappers • Mountain Men • Westward Migration • Early Settlers • Conestoga Wagon Trains • Mormon Settlement • Oregon Territory • Gold Discoveries • Mail routes/Pony Express • Transcontinental Railroad

  26. EXPANSIONISM • Advance to the Mississippi • Manifest Destiny • Texas Independence and Annexation • The War Against Mexico • Westward Expansion

  27. Expansionismrapid settlement & economic development of the West