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Ch 17 – The West Transformed

Ch 17 – The West Transformed

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Ch 17 – The West Transformed

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  1. Ch 17 – The West Transformed I can understand how the growth of big business affected the development of the West

  2. read pgs. 574-581 bullet points p.601

  3. Ch 17 Sec 1Mining and Railroads • I can understand how mining and railroads drew people to the West

  4. All the Gold in California • Gold discovered in CA. 1849 • People came

  5. Comstock Lode • 1859 – Gold found – Nevada- Comstock property • Gold was hard to get • Miners found silver • Easy to get

  6. Virginia City • 20 year mine • $300 million in silver • 4.8 billion today

  7. Black Hills mines • Hard to get at gold

  8. Alaska Gold Rush – 1890’s

  9. Boom Town Life • Tent cities • Bad facilities

  10. Women’s work • Women did well • Opened - Restaurants - Laundries - Bakeries

  11. Who else made money? • Large companies • Equipment suppliers

  12. Immigrants • Over ½ foreign 1. Spanish 2. Italian 3. German 4. Chinese • Chinese discriminated against

  13. Frontier Justice - Vigilantes GIVE HIM A FAIR TRIAL THEN HANG HIM

  14. Bridging the Mississippi • 1856 – First Mississippi railroad bridge • Rock Island Illinois

  15. Incentives • RR’s got 10 square miles of free land for every 1 mile of track laid • 1 sq mile = 640 acres IMAGINE An acre is approx. the size of a football field • RR’s got 6,400 football fields either side of their track per mile

  16. Problems - Distance

  17. Dangerous Work

  18. COLD

  19. Avalanche

  20. Mountains

  21. BIG Bridges

  22. Tunnels

  23. May 10, 1869 Transcontinental Railroad completed

  24. Look at Map pg 580 Where do major western towns develop?

  25. Effects • Population increase • New States - Nevada - Colorado - North and South Dakota - Montana - Wyoming - Washington - Idaho

  26. read pgs. 584-589 bullet points p.601

  27. Ch 17 Sec 2Native Americans Struggle to Survive • I can understand the consequences of the conflict between the Native Americans and the settlers.

  28. People are moving west through Indian land • Are there problems? • What is the solution?

  29. 1851 Ft. Laramie Treaty

  30. Ft. Laramie Treaty 1851 • Guaranteed tribal lands • Guaranteed safe passage on Oregon Trail • Tribes paid $50,000 per year for 10 years

  31. Are There any Problems? • Money or products are not paid • People stop and build on Indian land • Then, 1859 - GOLD!!!

  32. Who will the Government protect, the Indians or the settlers and miners? • What will the Government do now? • New treaties

  33. Cheyenne and Arapaho give up much of their land • Some warriors object, attack settlers • Nov. 29, 1864 – Peaceful group attacked by 700 cavalry • 133 men, women, children dead

  34. A Beginning • Sand Creek Massacre starts an era of war • One of the most feared soldiers were the, “Buffalo Soldiers” • Who were the Buffalo soldiers?

  35. Buffalo • By 1870, herds start to shrink • Buffalo important to Native Americans

  36. Why do herds shrink?

  37. Reservations • Areas reserved for Native Americans • Many problems Corrupt Indian Agents Poor land Continued invasion

  38. 1874 – GOLD!! • Black Hills in Dakotas • Invasion of Sioux and Cheyenne land • Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse lead fight to keep settlers out.

  39. IN THIS CORNER

  40. IN THE OTHER CORNER