Ch 17 – The West Transformed I can understand how the growth of big business affected the development of the West
read pgs. 574-581 bullet points p.601
Ch 17 Sec 1Mining and Railroads • I can understand how mining and railroads drew people to the West
All the Gold in California • Gold discovered in CA. 1849 • People came
Comstock Lode • 1859 – Gold found – Nevada- Comstock property • Gold was hard to get • Miners found silver • Easy to get
Virginia City • 20 year mine • $300 million in silver • 4.8 billion today
Black Hills mines • Hard to get at gold
Boom Town Life • Tent cities • Bad facilities
Women’s work • Women did well • Opened - Restaurants - Laundries - Bakeries
Who else made money? • Large companies • Equipment suppliers
Immigrants • Over ½ foreign 1. Spanish 2. Italian 3. German 4. Chinese • Chinese discriminated against
Frontier Justice - Vigilantes GIVE HIM A FAIR TRIAL THEN HANG HIM
Bridging the Mississippi • 1856 – First Mississippi railroad bridge • Rock Island Illinois
Incentives • RR’s got 10 square miles of free land for every 1 mile of track laid • 1 sq mile = 640 acres IMAGINE An acre is approx. the size of a football field • RR’s got 6,400 football fields either side of their track per mile
May 10, 1869 Transcontinental Railroad completed
Look at Map pg 580 Where do major western towns develop?
Effects • Population increase • New States - Nevada - Colorado - North and South Dakota - Montana - Wyoming - Washington - Idaho
read pgs. 584-589 bullet points p.601
Ch 17 Sec 2Native Americans Struggle to Survive • I can understand the consequences of the conflict between the Native Americans and the settlers.
People are moving west through Indian land • Are there problems? • What is the solution?
1851 Ft. Laramie Treaty
Ft. Laramie Treaty 1851 • Guaranteed tribal lands • Guaranteed safe passage on Oregon Trail • Tribes paid $50,000 per year for 10 years
Are There any Problems? • Money or products are not paid • People stop and build on Indian land • Then, 1859 - GOLD!!!
Who will the Government protect, the Indians or the settlers and miners? • What will the Government do now? • New treaties
Cheyenne and Arapaho give up much of their land • Some warriors object, attack settlers • Nov. 29, 1864 – Peaceful group attacked by 700 cavalry • 133 men, women, children dead
A Beginning • Sand Creek Massacre starts an era of war • One of the most feared soldiers were the, “Buffalo Soldiers” • Who were the Buffalo soldiers?
Buffalo • By 1870, herds start to shrink • Buffalo important to Native Americans
Reservations • Areas reserved for Native Americans • Many problems Corrupt Indian Agents Poor land Continued invasion
1874 – GOLD!! • Black Hills in Dakotas • Invasion of Sioux and Cheyenne land • Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse lead fight to keep settlers out.