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Hindustani & Carnatic Music

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Hindustani & Carnatic Music. By Michael brien. Hindustani. General info. Music which is most commonly found being played in the Northern part of India It ordinated from Vedic ritual chants and has been evolving since the 12 th century. Instruments used.

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general info
General info
  • Music which is most commonly found being played in the Northern part of India
  • It ordinated from Vedic ritual chants and has been evolving since the 12th century
instruments used
Instruments used

There were a wide range of instruments used pacifically for this type of music:

  • Veena
  • Sitar
  • Sarod
  • Surbahar
  • Sursringar
  • Santoor
  • Bansuri
  • Shehnai
  • Harmonium
  • Tabla
different styles
Different styles
  • There were many different types of compositions with in the Hindustani music all having different character traits but all having the same essence these include:
    • Dhrupad
    • Khyal
    • Tarana
    • Tappa
    • Thumri
    • Ghazal
hindustani example
Hindustani Example
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pb5iwSi5OIo
general info1
General info
  • Music most commonly played in the Southern part of the subcontinent of India
  • Unaffected by Persian and Arabic influences, unlike Hindustani Music
  • The style came about in the 12th Century. However Carnatic and Hindustani were classified as very similar styles until the 16th century where it became demarcation between these styles
  • Mainly patronised by kings in the Kingdom of Mysore and the Kingdom of Travancore from the 18th - 20th century.
instruments used1
Instruments Used

Instruments involved in Carnatic music:

  • Veena
  • RudraVeena
  • Violin
  • Ghatam
  • Flute
  • Mridangam
  • Nagaswara
  • Swarahat
different styles1
Different styles
  • Śruti – Refers to musical pitch
  • Swara – Refers to the sound of a note
  • Raga System – A set of rules for building a melody. The rules range from movements of the melody to the uses and avoidances of specific phrases
  • Tala System – Refers to a fixed cycle/meter.
  • Improvisation – Used a lot in Carnatic Music. Some examples of it include:
    • Alapana
    • Niraval
    • Swarakalpana
    • Ragam
    • Tanam
    • Pallavi
    • TaniAvartanam
carnatic example
Carnatic Example
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qew5JAy3gyw
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