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Adaptation in Mozambique

Adaptation in Mozambique. Vulnerable sectors. Agriculture Water Health Infrastructure Ecosystems Tourism Energy Industry/Commerce. What would Strengthen the implementation of adaptation projects in Mozambique. The Existence of a coordination Unit (MICOA)

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Adaptation in Mozambique

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  1. Adaptation in Mozambique

  2. Vulnerable sectors • Agriculture • Water • Health • Infrastructure • Ecosystems • Tourism • Energy • Industry/Commerce

  3. What would Strengthen the implementation of adaptation projects in Mozambique • The Existence of a coordination Unit (MICOA) • The existence of climate change focal points in different sectors • Natural Disaster Management Institute • The existence of early warning systems in various sectors (agriculture, water, meteorological department) • The existence of regional agreements in the region – SADC, eg: water shared river basins, South Africa Outlook Forum for climate predictions – Gaberone, malaria outlook forum • Good international cooperation

  4. What are the weaknesses • Lack of data (climate data, data for vulnerability and risk assessment for decision making and actions) • Lack of resources ( human, material- equipment, Financial) • Limited dissemination of of climate information and poor capacity for data interpretation • Inadequate coordination among key role-players eg (poor communication between science and other stakeholders • Poor understanding of climate change issues (complexity on risk perception, adaptation) • Few meteorological stations • Centralized early warning systems • Inexistence of a clear national strategy on climate change

  5. What are the opportunities for adaptation in Mozambique • To be Part of the UNFCCC convention and the Protocol (use the existing international mechanisms for adaptation e.g SCF, LDC fund, Adaptation Fund) • Existent lessons learned from the extreme events for future actions (e.g 2007 floods) • Already existent national policies which mention climate change (PRSP, five year Plan of government) • Decentralization of the Planning process (at community level) • The existent cultural habits of the community and indigenous knowledge

  6. Recommendations • Elaboration of National Policy on climate change with a clear definition of responsibilities among stakeholders • Improve the coordination among different role-players • Strengthen the existent early warning systems • Enforce the existent climate change legislation • Incorporate climate change issues into other sectors policies; eg Infrastructure and construction sectors • Technology transfer and inclusion of indigenous knowledge • Awareness raising and Training in terms of research proposals for donors • Institutional capacity • Research programs for adaptation and development of database easy to access • Technical capacity building at various levels

  7. The Mozambican experiences • Existence of Community based projects for natural disaster management (e.g Buzi district • Limpopo Basin (mapping and early warning system for floods) • National alert system for cyclones

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