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Mozambique. BY : Erick Dejesus. The Flag of Mozambique. The white lines represents peace The black color represents the African continent Green represents the land. The yellow represents the mineral wealth of the nations. The red represents the struggle for independence.

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  1. Mozambique BY : Erick Dejesus

  2. The Flag of Mozambique • The white lines represents peace • The black color represents the African continent • Green represents the land. • The yellow represents the mineral wealth of the nations. • The red represents the struggle for independence. • The book represents the education of Mozambique. • The hoe represents the peasants and agriculture. • The rifle represents the determination to defend it’s freedom.

  3. Geography • Full Name: Republic of Mozambique • Capital: Maputo(formerly known as Louren Marques) • Area in square Miles: 801,590 sq. Slightly less than twice the size of California. • Climate: Tropical and Sub Tropical. • Seasons: Wet Season:October to March Dry Season: April to September. • Geographic Features:Monte Binga and Lake Malawi. • Location: South East of Africa. Borders Indian Ocean Borders Swaziland, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.

  4. People • Population: 19.7 million • Major Languages: Portuguese • Religion: Catholic23.8%, Muslim 17.8%, other 17.8%, none 23.1% • Life Expectancy: 40 years • Annual Income per capita(person): 29,050 MZN = 1070 USD • Health-Infant Mortality Rate:129/1000 • Unemployment Rate: 21% • Ethnic Groups:Makua, Tsonga, Makonde, Shangaan, Shona, Sena, Ndau, and Chopi

  5. History • 1-1000: Bantu-speaking people settle in Mozambique. The Bantu were farmers and iron workers. • 1498: Portuguese explorers arrive at Mozambique. • 1752: Mozambique becomes a Portuguese colony. • 1907: Maputo becomes the capital of Mozambique. • 1962-1974: Rebels fight for independence from Portugal. Their fight becomes more organized in the 1960’s because when they formed the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique, which is now shortened to FRELIMO. • 1975: Floods and droughts that has lasted 4 years has made the economy to suffer because the farmers can’t grow crops.

  6. More History • 1977:Rebels and the government are in a civil war. • 1992: Civil war ends and government and rebels sign a peace treaty. • 1994: Mozambique holds its first multiparty election for president. Joaquim Chissano wins election for president. • 1990-1995: More then 1.7 million Mozambicans return to Mozambique because they fled the country during the civil war to be safe. • 2000-2001: Floods still damage Mozambique which slows down the government’s attempt to rebuild the economy after the civil war. • 2004: President Joaquim retires and Armando Guebuza is now the new president of Mozambique

  7. Government • Multi-party Democracy • Independence: June 25 1975 • Constitution: November 1990 • Branches: • Executive- resident, Council of Ministers Legislative- National Assembly, municipal assemblies Judicial- Supreme court, provincial district, municipal courts.

  8. Economy • After 1975 when Mozambique gained it’s independence its was one of the worlds poorest countries. • Natural Resources: Hydro electric power, coal, natural gas, titanium ore, tantalite, graphite, and iron ore. • Agriculture: Exports- cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava, corn, coconut, sisal, citrus, tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers, beef, and poultry. • Main exports: Aluminum, cashews, prawns, cotton. sugar, citrus, timber, bulk electricity, and natural gas.

  9. Customs and Traditions • Mozambique’s culture is a blend of Portuguese and eastern influences. The Chopi located on the south-central coast are renowned for their complex musical arrangements and dance. The makonde people located in the north are known for their ebony sculptures and masks.

  10. Major Tourist Attractions • Major attractions in Mozambique is: • Beira • Nampula • Maputo • Bazaruto Archipelago

  11. Beira Nampula Maputo Bazaruto Archipelago

  12. Interesting facts • Though the official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, it is spoken by only about one-quarter of the population. Most Mozambicans speak their native languages. • Dogs and rats are trained to sniff out landmines. • Although Mozambique's civil war ended in 1992, thousands of explosives placed below the ground during the war remain a danger today.・ • Thirty years ago, 65,000 elephants could be found in Mozambique. Today there are about 15,000 • Artwork decorates many of the walls in Maputo. The largest of Maputo's murals are 310 feet long. The pictures tell the story of the country's revolution.

  13. Bibliography • Mozambique Flag:"Flag of Mozambique." image. CIA Central Intelligence Agency Factbook.13 Apr. 2009 <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/flags/mz-flag.html>. • "Mozambique Map." image. U.S. Department of State.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.state.gov/p/af/ci/mz/>. • "Mozambique sightseeing map." image. Time for kids.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/kids/hh/goplaces/article/0,28376,1173008,00.html>. • "Timbila." photograph. Viajando con la Luna.14 Apr. 2009 <http://viajandoconlaluna.blogspot.com/2008_03_01_archive.html>. • "Cathedral in Nampula, Mozambique." photograph. Wikipedia.14 Apr. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nampulacathedral.JPG>. • "Beira, Mozambique town center." photograph. Wikipedia.14 Apr. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DF-SD-01-01576.jpg>. • "bazaruto archipelago." photograph. African Bushcamp Safaris.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.bushcamps.com/destinations/southern_africa/Mozambique/attractions_sub-1-attractionsId-2-30>. • "xylophone timbila." photograph. umich.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.si.umich.edu/CHICO/instrument/pages/xylo_gnrl.html>. • "Makonde men." photograph. The Robert Goldwater Library online resource.14 Apr. 2009 <http://newsgrist.typepad.com/robertgoldwaterlibrary/2007/11/a-century-of-ma.html>. • "coat of arms." image. Mozambique.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.unitedcaribbean.com/mozambique.html>. • http://www.flickr.com/photos/alastairhumphreys/2982094444/ • Women removing Chaff." photograph. Flickr.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/aquistbe/19026840/>.

  14. Bibliography • "Maputo." photograph. Flickr.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/julianoipolito/72012516/>. • "President of Mozambique." photograph. NySE Euronext.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/julianoipolito/72012516/>. • "man showing fish." photograph. Painet.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.painetworks.com/pagesrf/hq/hq1438.html>. • "Basket Fishing." photograph. Flickr.14 Apr. 2009 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/alastairhumphreys/2981237971/>. • "Malangatana." photograph. Cultura Sapo.14 Apr. 2009 <http://cultura.sapo.pt/noticias_detalhe.asp?id=1673>. • "Mozambique Makonde Mask." photograph. Flickr.24 Apr. 2009 <http://www.flickr.com/photos/32357038@N08/3203717137/>. • "happiness mask." photograph. genuineafrica.19 Apr. 2009 <http://www.genuineafrica.com/makonde_mask_1.htm>.

  15. Sites • http://www.countriesquest.com/africa/mozambique/culture.htm • http://www.timeforkids.com/TFK/kids/hh/goplaces/article/0,28376,1173008,00.html • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mz.html#Econ • http://www.state.gov/p/af/ci/mz/

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