Japanese Origins Japanese peoples radiated from… Mainland Asia Philippines Russia Japan’s islands remained rural until the early to mid-1900’s.
Migration Policy Many returning Japanese nationals from the Koreas did not receive citizenship until the 1980’s. Those entering before freedom from United States occupation in 1952 were considered “Old Comers.” Those entering after 1980’s are considered “New Comers.” Migrants make up only 1.5% of Japans population.
Population and the Future • Over 126 million people. • 98.5% are Japanese • Population density ranges from extremely high areas to sparsely populated rural regions.
Population Dynamics • 23% of the population is 65 years or older. • Only 13% is between the ages of 0-14. • The majority, 64% of the population is 15-64 years old. • Population growth is declining by .278% per year
Urbanization • Influenced by industrialization of both World Wars. • 67% of today’s population is Urban
“Megalopolis” With 35 million residents, Tokyo is more than just a primate city and influences cultures around the world. • Tokyo has 24 million more residents than the next largest city in Japan.
Location Relative to… • Philippines • Russia • Korean Peninsula • Hawaii • Asheville, NC
Regions of Japan • Eight Defined Regions • Hokkaido Island (red) • Tohoku Region (green) • Kanto Region (blue) • Chubu Region (brown) • Kansai Region (teal) • Chugoku Region (green-yellow) • Shikoku Island (pink) • Kyushu Island (yellow)
Individual Regions • Hokkaido • Tohuku-northern Honshu Largest City-Sendai • Kanto-eastern Honshu Largest City-Tokyo City of Sendai
Chubu-central Honshu Includes Mt. Fuji Sub-regions: -Hokuriku -Koshin etsu -Tokai • Kansai is also called Kinki Region west-central Honshu with it’s largest city being Osaka • Chugoku-western Honshu with it’s largest city being Hiroshima Chubu Region
Shikoku • Kyushu -This region includes: The Ryukyu Islands where Okinawa is located Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands
Government of Japan • Unitary Parliamentary Democracy • Constitutional Monarchy • Emperor is Akihito • Prime Minister is Naoto Kan Government Seal of Japan Imperial Seal of Japan
Government • Historically Japan’s government was influenced by Chinese Law • Since the late 19th century their judicial system has been influenced by civil law of Europe and America
Administrative Divisions of Japan • Prefectures-The district administered by a prefect (chief officer or chief magistrate) • Hokkaido- One district • Tohoku-Six districts • Kanto-Seven districts including Tokyo • Chubu-Nine districts • Kansai-Seven districts • Chugoku-Five districts • Shikoku-Four districts • Kyushu-(Mainland)-Seven districts Ryukyu Islands-One district -Okinawa
Ecoregions of Japan • Nine Forest Ecoregions • Tropical and Subtropical Moist broadleaf forests • Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests • Ogasawara subtropical moist forests • Temperate Broadleaf & Mixed Forests • Hokkaido deciduous forests • Nihonkai evergreen forests • Nihonkaimontane deciduous forests • Taiheiyo evergreen forests • Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests • Temperate Coniferous Forests • Hokkaido montane conifer forests • Honshu alpine conifer forests
Climate • These regions reflect the climate and geography • Generally Humid Climate • Warm and Subtropical in Southern Islands • Cool and Temperate in Northern Islands Mount Yari, Nagano Prefecture
Terrestrial Ecozones • Convergence of Three Terrestrial Ecozones -Palearctic -- Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu & Shikoku -Indomalaya – Ryukyu Islands to the southwest Ogasawara Islands to the southeast Nansei Islands -Oceania – Ogasawara Ogasawara Islands
Japanese Conflicts • What conflict in Japan’s history do you think of most often? • Sovereignty Dispute over the “Northern Territories” • Known to Russia as the “Southern Kuril Islands” • Japan & South Korea both claim Liancourt Rocks • China & Taiwan dispute Japan’s claim to uninhabited islands of Senkaku-shoto (Diayo Tai) • East China Sea-Hydrocarbon Prospecting • Philippines over a few islands in between the countries • North Korea disputes over testing of nuclear weapons
Japanese Alliances • Today Japan is a member of: • The World Trade Organization • Asia-Europe Meeting • Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) • G/7 & G/8
Religion • Shinto • Buddhism • “New religions” • Minority religions
Technology • Automotive engineering • Scientific research • Robotics • Aeronautics • Nuclear power
Electronics • Companies range from: Nikon, Yamaha, Citizen Watches, Panasonic, Sharp, Toshiba
Trade • Export • Fish • Consumer based products • Automotive • Medically based products • Import • Oil • Raw materials • Food
Economy • Post War growth • 90’s Stock Crash • Dependence on trade
Gardens Location -homes and neighborhoods -city parks -historical sites Chinese influence -Yohan Koan Han -royalty Tea Ceremonies -connection to nature -Confucius values
Resources • Fishing • Ayu • Freshwater Trout • Whaling • Dolphin hunting
Agriculture • Rice • Wheat • Barely • Sweet potatoes
Pollution • Post-WWII Industrial Boom • Coal, Natural Gas, Oil • Kyoto Protocol
Coastal Situation • Delicate Ecosystems • Major Cities: -Tokyo -Yokohama -Hakodate • Natural Disasters