Open Books to Page 251 Japan: Land of the Rising Sun
Starting with a Story: Education of a Samurai Pgs 248 to 249
Background: You may have heard about the samurai warriors of Japan. Japanese lords used these well-trained fighters to defend their lands against enemies. Samurai means “one who serves.” Some samurai were prepared from birth to become warriors. Future samurai received a special education. They trained in fighting skills. But the most important lesson was learning the warrior code, or bushido. This code of honor emphasized loyalty and bravery above all else. As you read, imagine you are in Japan in the 1300s. You are watching a 15-year old boy complete the final days of his training to become a samurai. Pgs 248 to 249
Tomorrow, Yoro will go through the ceremony to become a samurai. He will receive his first sword, the samurai’s most important weapon. But today he must rise early to complete the final day of training. As he has done each day before, Yoro will learn the skills of a warrior and how to live by the warrior’s code of honor, bushido. His first act is to report to the master, who himself was a famous samurai. Then, Yoro practices riding a horse and shooting a bow. A samurai rides into battle on horseback. Next comes unarmed fighting skills, for it is possible to lose your weapons in battle. Yoro finishes his morning by practicing wrestling and jujitsu (a self-defense skill like modern judo) with other pupils. In the afternoon, the master gives instruction on one of the samurai’s most important skills—sword fighting. Over the years, Yoro has developed strength, speed, and accuracy. Finally, as his last day as a student ends, Yoro studies meditation, or mental exercises. Being a samurai requires more than skill at using weapons. It is not enough to train the body. You must also prepare the mind. A samurai must always be alert. Life depends on it! From tomorrow onward, Yoro must be ready to fight for his lord at any moment. Death in service to the lord is a great honor. Still, the students have been taught by a Buddhist monk not to rush to sacrifice their lives. The monk cautions, “What is your purpose?….If you are in such reckless hast to seek death at the hands of the enemy, who is there to succeed you?” Yoro’s commitment is to serve—in life as long as he can, in death if necessary. Tomorrow that service begins!
Write a paragraph in which you compare and contrast Bushido and the Homie Code. Compare/Contrast Homie Code and Bushido Homie Bushido Different Different Dishonesty Fear Honesty BraveryHonor Same Loyalty
Japan: Terms and Names Define the terms and names. Pgs 251 to 254 • 1. Shinto • 2. regent • 3. Prince Shotoku • 4. embassy The traditional religion of Japan, based on worship of and respect for nature and ancestors. A person who rules in place of an absent or underage monarch. Regent appointed by Empress Suiko. He introduced Japan to Chinese culture and Buddhism. An office of one country’s government in another country.
Effects of Geography on Japan Pgs 251 to 252 Summarizing • Read section 1 “The Effects of Geography on Japan” on pages 251 to 252. Using the handouts you will match the 3 subsections listed below with its summary: • 1: “Landforms and Climate” • 2: “Nature Inspires Japanese Culture” • 3: “Japan’s Influential Neighbors—China and Korea”
Pgs 251 to 252 The Effects of Geography on Japan The land makes Japan a difficult place to live. It has few natural resources. The climate is good for growing rice. The oceans provide seafood and protection against Invasion. Respect for nature and ancestors. In the traditional religion of Shinto, rocks, trees, rivers, and other natural objects are home to Divine spirits. China and Korea have influenced Japan, but China has had the greatest influence. China named Japan “the land of the rising sun.”
Early Japanese Society Pgs 252 to 253 • 1. Read “Early Japanese Society.”(pgs. 252 to 253) On another sheet of paper, make one question from each of the 3 subsections for a total of three(3) questions in all. You will have 10 minutes. • 2. Exchange your paper with your team mate and answer those questions. You will have 6 minutes.
The Reign of Prince Shotoku Pgs 253 to 254 • 1. Why did Prince Shotoku encourage the Japanese to learn from the Chinese? • 2. On what did Prince Shotoku base his Seventeen Article Constitution? • 3. Why were some people opposed to Buddhist influence? • 4. How was Japan the same or different after Prince Shotoku’s reign? • Prince Shotoku encourage the Japanese to learn from the • Chinese because he was impressed by their culture also opened • an embassy in China. 2. It is based on Confucian Principles such as hard work and obedience to authority. 3. Some people were oppose to Buddhist influence because Buddha was born in India. 4. Buddhism was accepted but shaped according to traditional Japanese customs they also continued to practice Shinto.