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Japan - Land of the Rising Sun

Japan - Land of the Rising Sun

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Japan - Land of the Rising Sun

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  1. Japan - Land of the Rising Sun • Yukio Hatoyama – new PM • Kuril Islands – source of dispute with Russia • World’s second and Asia’s largest economy • Oldest still ruling Royal House in the world • Monarch sits on Chrysanthemum Throne • No standing army • No manufacture, supply or storing of nuclear weapons

  2. China - 3rd Largest by Area • Hu Jintao – President; Wen Jiabao – PM • Is building GWADAR port in Pakistan, also Karakoram Highway to Pakistan • World’s largest FOREX reserves - more than $1 trillion • Built THREE GORGES DAM on Yangtze River, world’s largest hydro-electric dam • Built world’s highest railway – linking Lhasa in Tibet with Golmund; nicknamed Qing-1 • Manufacturing hub of world • Third largest economy

  3. Thailand • King Bhumibol Adulyadej completes 60 years in power, world’s longest reigning monarch • Thaksin Shinawatra deposed as PM in a military coup • Abhisit Vejjajiva new PM • Bangkok – capital, Baht - currency • Never colonised

  4. Myanmar - Stratocracy • General Than Shwe – Leader No.1, visited India in 2006 • Aung San Suu Kyi – pro-democracy leader under house arrest since 1990 • Capital moved from Yangon to Pyinmana (aka Naypyidaw) • 32.7% of BPL population • Ruled by army since 1948

  5. Sri Lanka / Bhutan • Mahinda Rajapakse – Prez • Peace talks between SL government and the LTTE were brokered by NORWAY • Bhutan - world’s first no-smoking country • King Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the Chief of State since Dec., 2006 • First democratic elections held in Bhutan in March 2008 • Prime minister Jigme Thinley of Bhutan since April 2008

  6. Pakistan - First Islamic Republic • Asif Ali Zardari – Prez; Yusuf Raza Gilani – PM • Balochistan leader, Akbar Khan Bugti, killed by Pak military • Proposed Iran gas pipeline to India via Pakistan • NWFP – stronghold of al-Qaeda & Taliban • Sri Lankan cricket team attacked

  7. Afghanistan • Hamid Karzai – Prez elect • NATO forces battling resurgent Taliban in the south • Taliban headed by Mullah Omar • Durand Line – boundary line with Pak is source of dispute

  8. Iran • Mahmoud Ahmedinejad – Prez • Ayotallah Khameini – Spiritual Head • Secret nuclear weapons program • World’s 2nd largest gas producer & 4th largest oil exporter • Has developed missiles like HOOT, a torpedo; Shahab, Fajr, and Shaegah series.

  9. Iraq - Mesopotamia • Jalal Talabani – Prez; Nuri al-Maliki – PM • Saddam gets death penalty for Dujail Massacre (1982) • Abu Ayyub al-Masri, al-Qaeda chief in Iraq, successor to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi • Moqtada al-Sadr – head of Mahdi Army, Shiite militia group

  10. Israel - World’s first Jewish State • Tel Aviv – capital; Knesset – parliament • Benjiman Netanyahu– PM • Mossad – secret service • Owns Barak missile system, supplied to India • Is building a Barrier Wall to separate it from Palestinian areas

  11. Nicknamed Switzerland of the Middle East Emile Lahoud – Prez; Fuoad Siniora – PM Beirut – Capital; Nicknamed Paris of the Middle East Was a French Colony Hashemite Kingdom King Abdullah II – HoS Lost West Bank to Israel in 1967 War Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, slain al-Qaeda leader in Iraq, belonged to Jordan Lebanon Jordan

  12. Bashar al-Assad – Prez Accused of interference in Lebanon & Iraq Indicted by UN in killing of former Lebanese PM, Rafiq Hariri Part of new “Axis of Evil” Recep T Erdogan – PM Nicknamed Sickman of Europe Controversy over Armenian Genocide Occupies part of Cyprus Kamal Ataturk made Turkey a fiercely secular country Sought membership of EU Syria Turkey

  13. Sudan - Largest African Nation • Prez Omar al-Bashir • Darfur Genocide – 4 lakh dead over 4 years • Janjaweed, Govt-backed Arab Muslim militia against non-Arab Muslims • Civil war in the south between Arab Muslims & Christians – Africa’s oldest still running civil war

  14. South Africa - Rainbow Nation • Jacob Zuma new President • Second largest HIV infected population after India • Desmond Tutu, recipient of Gandhi Peace Prize (’06) • Launched centenary of Gandhiji’s launching of Satyagraha Movement in that country • 3 capitals - Pretoria (administrative), Bloemfontein (judicial), and Cape Town (legislative) • Name of Pretoria changed to Tshwane • South Africa is venue for World Cup Soccer 2010

  15. Africain a nutshell • Africa Union – HQ at Addis Ababa, 53 members • Uganda – Prez is Yoweri Museveni, accused of genocide against Acholi Tribe • Operation Atlanta anti-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia • 15th NAM summit in Egypt in July 09 • Libya Muammar Gadaffi’s marathon speech in UNO in September 2009.

  16. Brazil - 5th largest country by area • Luiz Inacio LULA da Silva is Brazil prez again • Largest ETHANOL producer • Member of BRIC & IBSA • Brasilia – Capital (named after a wood type) • Rio Di Janeiro to host 2016 Olympics

  17. South Americain a nutshell • Venezuela reelected Hugo Chavez as prez • Eva Morales is elected Bolivia prez • Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) – Marxist militant group in Peru • Peru’s prez is Alan Garcia • Michelle Bachelet is president of Chile • Alberto Fujimori, former President of Peru, sentenced to jail term on charges of corruption

  18. USA - 300 million pop • Democratswin control of H of R & Senate • Barack Obama first Afro-American to be President • Robert Gatesis new defence secretary • Hillary Clinton new Secretary of State • Largest exporter & importer – overall; biggest seller of military equipment • Ben Bernanke – new Federal Reserve chief • Refuses to sign Kyoto Protocol & shuns International Criminal Court • Sarbanes-Oxley Act – for corporate governance • Fence built on U.S. border with Mexico to curb illegal immigration & drugs trade

  19. Central America in a nutshell • Panama agrees to a new wider Panama Canal • Felipe Calderon is prez of Mexico • Daniel Ortega, former Marxist leader, prez of Nicaragua • Cuban prez Fidel Castro handed over power to Raul Castro (his brother) • Sugar Bowl of the World

  20. Europein a nutshell • Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany, is ranked World’s Most Powerful Woman by Forbes • Hungary PM Gordon Bajnai • Romania & Bulgaria join EU (EU membership - 27) • Silvio Berlusconi is the PM of Italy • Italy hosted G-8 summit in July 09 • NATO’s 60 years observed

  21. World Trade Organisation • Successor to the GATT • Established on Jan 1, 1995 • WTO HQ – Geneva, Switzerland • DG – Pascal Lamy (France) • WTO has 153 members • Vietnam is 150th member

  22. International - Who’s Who • Ban Ki Moon (S. Korea’s foreign minister)succeeds Kofi Annan (Ghana) as new Secretary General of the UN • Margaret Chan (China) is new DG of WHO • Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize • Science fiction writer Arthur Clarke passes away • Deep Joshi wins Magsaysay Award

  23. International - Who’s Who • Indra Nooyi – PepsiCo CEO, also ranked world’s most powerful business woman • Shashi Tharoor – former UN Under Secretary General for Communications & Public Information and now Union Minister of State for External Affairs • Tharoor – author of The Great Indian Novel, Riot – A Novel, India: From Midnight to the Millennium, Bookless in Baghdad, & Show Business

  24. International - Who’s Who • World Bank – HO at Washington, Prez - Robert Zoellick (US) • IMF –HO at Washington, MD – Dominique Strauss Kahn (Germany) • ADB – HO at Manila, Prez – Haruhiko Kuroda (Japan) • European Commission – HO at Brussels • WEF - Founder Chairman Klaus Schwabb (Germany)

  25. Business - Facts & Figures • IOC – India’s largest company by revenue • RIL –India’s largest company by market capitalisation • Toyota – largest auto company • Intel – largest chip-maker • Diageo – largest spirits company (owns Smirnoff, JW) • McDonald’s – largest fast food chain • Vodafone – largest mobile company by revenue • Bharti Airtel – crosses 11 crore subscribers in India

  26. Economy / Business • HCL acquires Axon • 1.6 million employed in IT in India (2007) • Mobile number portability to be introduced • Provident fund companies can invest 15% of their corpus in shares • New Pension Scheme (NPS) launched in April 2009 • Natco and strides Arcolab are permitted to manufacture generic version of Tamiflu • Roche holds patent on Tamiflu • G-20 accounts for 90% of global output • NCDEX largest agricultural commodity exchange by volume • International Finance Reporting Standards to be implemented by companies by April 2011 • IMF projects GDP growth of 5.4% for India

  27. Agriculture • India second largest producer of pepper • No.1 in milk production • Among the world top producer of Tea • Largest coconut producer in world is India • Second largest producer of fish • Green Revolution a success in rice and wheat • India lags behind in production of pulses, oil seeds • 11th plan aims at 4% GDP growth rate in agriculture

  28. Personalities • Nandan Nilekani Chairman of Unique Identification Authority (UIA) • C. Rangarajan Chairman of Prime Ministers Economic Advisory Council • Angela Markel re-elected Chancellor of Germany • Mohan Bhagwat new chief of RSS • Iran’s President Md. Ahmedinejad denies truth of Holocaust • Col. Gadaffi’s marathon speech in UNO • President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela wins referendum • Ramesh Pokhariyal new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand • R. K. Pachauri head of TERI and IGPCC

  29. Awards • Nobel Prize - Chemistry for Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Indian American) • Nobel Literature - Herta Muller (Romania) • Deep Joshi - Magsaysay Award, 2009 • 2009 Man Booker Prize - Hilary Mantel, (UK) • 2009 Man Booker International Prize - Alice Munro (Canada)

  30. Sports • Castrol 2009 Cricket of Year - Gautam Gambhir • 2016 Olympics - Rio De Janiero • 2010 FIFA World Cup - South Africa • 2014 FIFA World Cup - Brazil • 2012 Olympics - London • 2011 World Cup Cricket - India / Sri Lanka / Bangladesh • 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games • 2010 Delhi World Cup Hockey

  31. Important Government Programmes • National Highway Development Programme (NHDP), largest Highway Development Programme ever in India • National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP) target group the rural poor • Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) proposed by former President Abdul Kalam • Swarna Jayanti Gramin Swarojgar Yojana (SJSY) replaces Integrated Rural Development Programme • Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) 1985 covers Diphteria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Polio,& Tuberculosis • Integrated Child Development Programme (ICDP) • Bharat Nirman - Rural infrastructure • Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) - Urban infrastructure • Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) big boost to power production