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Japan - Land of the Rising Sun. Yukio Hatoyama – new PM Kuril Islands – source of dispute with Russia World’s second and Asia’s largest economy Oldest still ruling Royal House in the world Monarch sits on Chrysanthemum Throne No standing army

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Japan land of the rising sun
Japan - Land of the Rising Sun

  • Yukio Hatoyama – new PM

  • Kuril Islands – source of dispute with Russia

  • World’s second and Asia’s largest economy

  • Oldest still ruling Royal House in the world

  • Monarch sits on Chrysanthemum Throne

  • No standing army

  • No manufacture, supply or storing of nuclear weapons

China 3 rd largest by area
China - 3rd Largest by Area

  • Hu Jintao – President; Wen Jiabao – PM

  • Is building GWADAR port in Pakistan, also Karakoram Highway to Pakistan

  • World’s largest FOREX reserves - more than $1 trillion

  • Built THREE GORGES DAM on Yangtze River, world’s largest hydro-electric dam

  • Built world’s highest railway – linking Lhasa in Tibet with Golmund; nicknamed Qing-1

  • Manufacturing hub of world

  • Third largest economy


  • King Bhumibol Adulyadej completes 60 years in power, world’s longest reigning monarch

  • Thaksin Shinawatra deposed as PM in a military coup

  • Abhisit Vejjajiva new PM

  • Bangkok – capital, Baht - currency

  • Never colonised

Myanmar stratocracy
Myanmar - Stratocracy

  • General Than Shwe – Leader No.1, visited India in 2006

  • Aung San Suu Kyi – pro-democracy leader under house arrest since 1990

  • Capital moved from Yangon to Pyinmana (aka Naypyidaw)

  • 32.7% of BPL population

  • Ruled by army since 1948

Sri lanka bhutan
Sri Lanka / Bhutan

  • Mahinda Rajapakse – Prez

  • Peace talks between SL government and the LTTE were brokered by NORWAY

  • Bhutan - world’s first no-smoking country

  • King Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck is the Chief of State since Dec., 2006

  • First democratic elections held in Bhutan in March 2008

  • Prime minister Jigme Thinley of Bhutan since April 2008

Pakistan first islamic republic
Pakistan - First Islamic Republic

  • Asif Ali Zardari – Prez; Yusuf Raza Gilani – PM

  • Balochistan leader, Akbar Khan Bugti, killed by Pak military

  • Proposed Iran gas pipeline to India via Pakistan

  • NWFP – stronghold of al-Qaeda & Taliban

  • Sri Lankan cricket team attacked


  • Hamid Karzai – Prez elect

  • NATO forces battling resurgent Taliban in the south

  • Taliban headed by Mullah Omar

  • Durand Line – boundary line with Pak is source of dispute

Japan land of the rising sun

  • Mahmoud Ahmedinejad – Prez

  • Ayotallah Khameini – Spiritual Head

  • Secret nuclear weapons program

  • World’s 2nd largest gas producer & 4th largest oil exporter

  • Has developed missiles like HOOT, a torpedo; Shahab, Fajr, and Shaegah series.

Iraq mesopotamia
Iraq - Mesopotamia

  • Jalal Talabani – Prez; Nuri al-Maliki – PM

  • Saddam gets death penalty for Dujail Massacre (1982)

  • Abu Ayyub al-Masri, al-Qaeda chief in Iraq, successor to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

  • Moqtada al-Sadr – head of Mahdi Army, Shiite militia group

Israel world s first jewish state
Israel - World’s first Jewish State

  • Tel Aviv – capital; Knesset – parliament

  • Benjiman Netanyahu– PM

  • Mossad – secret service

  • Owns Barak missile system, supplied to India

  • Is building a Barrier Wall to separate it from Palestinian areas

Lebanon jordan

Nicknamed Switzerland of the Middle East

Emile Lahoud – Prez; Fuoad Siniora – PM

Beirut – Capital; Nicknamed Paris of the Middle East

Was a French Colony

Hashemite Kingdom

King Abdullah II – HoS

Lost West Bank to Israel in 1967 War

Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, slain al-Qaeda leader in Iraq, belonged to Jordan

Lebanon Jordan

Syria turkey

Bashar al-Assad – Prez

Accused of interference in Lebanon & Iraq

Indicted by UN in killing of former Lebanese PM, Rafiq Hariri

Part of new “Axis of Evil”

Recep T Erdogan – PM

Nicknamed Sickman of Europe

Controversy over Armenian Genocide

Occupies part of Cyprus

Kamal Ataturk made Turkey a fiercely secular country

Sought membership of EU

Syria Turkey

Sudan largest african nation
Sudan - Largest African Nation

  • Prez Omar al-Bashir

  • Darfur Genocide – 4 lakh dead over 4 years

  • Janjaweed, Govt-backed Arab Muslim militia against non-Arab Muslims

  • Civil war in the south between Arab Muslims & Christians – Africa’s oldest still running civil war

South africa rainbow nation
South Africa - Rainbow Nation

  • Jacob Zuma new President

  • Second largest HIV infected population after India

  • Desmond Tutu, recipient of Gandhi Peace Prize (’06)

  • Launched centenary of Gandhiji’s launching of Satyagraha Movement in that country

  • 3 capitals - Pretoria (administrative), Bloemfontein (judicial), and Cape Town (legislative)

  • Name of Pretoria changed to Tshwane

  • South Africa is venue for World Cup Soccer 2010

Africa in a nutshell
Africain a nutshell

  • Africa Union – HQ at Addis Ababa, 53 members

  • Uganda – Prez is Yoweri Museveni, accused of genocide against Acholi Tribe

  • Operation Atlanta anti-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia

  • 15th NAM summit in Egypt in July 09

  • Libya Muammar Gadaffi’s marathon speech in UNO in September 2009.

Brazil 5 th largest country by area
Brazil - 5th largest country by area

  • Luiz Inacio LULA da Silva is Brazil prez again

  • Largest ETHANOL producer

  • Member of BRIC & IBSA

  • Brasilia – Capital (named after a wood type)

  • Rio Di Janeiro to host 2016 Olympics

South america in a nutshell
South Americain a nutshell

  • Venezuela reelected Hugo Chavez as prez

  • Eva Morales is elected Bolivia prez

  • Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) – Marxist militant group in Peru

  • Peru’s prez is Alan Garcia

  • Michelle Bachelet is president of Chile

  • Alberto Fujimori, former President of Peru, sentenced to jail term on charges of corruption

Usa 300 million pop
USA - 300 million pop

  • Democratswin control of H of R & Senate

  • Barack Obama first Afro-American to be President

  • Robert Gatesis new defence secretary

  • Hillary Clinton new Secretary of State

  • Largest exporter & importer – overall; biggest seller of military equipment

  • Ben Bernanke – new Federal Reserve chief

  • Refuses to sign Kyoto Protocol & shuns International Criminal Court

  • Sarbanes-Oxley Act – for corporate governance

  • Fence built on U.S. border with Mexico to curb illegal immigration & drugs trade

Central america in a nutshell
Central America in a nutshell

  • Panama agrees to a new wider Panama Canal

  • Felipe Calderon is prez of Mexico

  • Daniel Ortega, former Marxist leader, prez of Nicaragua

  • Cuban prez Fidel Castro handed over power to Raul Castro (his brother)

  • Sugar Bowl of the World

Europe in a nutshell
Europein a nutshell

  • Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany, is ranked World’s Most Powerful Woman by Forbes

  • Hungary PM Gordon Bajnai

  • Romania & Bulgaria join EU (EU membership - 27)

  • Silvio Berlusconi is the PM of Italy

  • Italy hosted G-8 summit in July 09

  • NATO’s 60 years observed

World trade organisation
World Trade Organisation

  • Successor to the GATT

  • Established on Jan 1, 1995

  • WTO HQ – Geneva, Switzerland

  • DG – Pascal Lamy (France)

  • WTO has 153 members

  • Vietnam is 150th member

International who s who
International - Who’s Who

  • Ban Ki Moon (S. Korea’s foreign minister)succeeds Kofi Annan (Ghana) as new Secretary General of the UN

  • Margaret Chan (China) is new DG of WHO

  • Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize

  • Science fiction writer Arthur Clarke passes away

  • Deep Joshi wins Magsaysay Award

International who s who1
International - Who’s Who

  • Indra Nooyi – PepsiCo CEO, also ranked world’s most powerful business woman

  • Shashi Tharoor – former UN Under Secretary General for Communications & Public Information and now Union Minister of State for External Affairs

  • Tharoor – author of The Great Indian Novel, Riot – A Novel, India: From Midnight to the Millennium, Bookless in Baghdad, & Show Business

International who s who2
International - Who’s Who

  • World Bank – HO at Washington, Prez - Robert Zoellick (US)

  • IMF –HO at Washington, MD – Dominique Strauss Kahn (Germany)

  • ADB – HO at Manila, Prez – Haruhiko Kuroda (Japan)

  • European Commission – HO at Brussels

  • WEF - Founder Chairman Klaus Schwabb (Germany)

Business facts figures
Business - Facts & Figures

  • IOC – India’s largest company by revenue

  • RIL –India’s largest company by market capitalisation

  • Toyota – largest auto company

  • Intel – largest chip-maker

  • Diageo – largest spirits company (owns Smirnoff, JW)

  • McDonald’s – largest fast food chain

  • Vodafone – largest mobile company by revenue

  • Bharti Airtel – crosses 11 crore subscribers in India

Economy business
Economy / Business

  • HCL acquires Axon

  • 1.6 million employed in IT in India (2007)

  • Mobile number portability to be introduced

  • Provident fund companies can invest 15% of their corpus in shares

  • New Pension Scheme (NPS) launched in April 2009

  • Natco and strides Arcolab are permitted to manufacture generic version of Tamiflu

  • Roche holds patent on Tamiflu

  • G-20 accounts for 90% of global output

  • NCDEX largest agricultural commodity exchange by volume

  • International Finance Reporting Standards to be implemented by companies by April 2011

  • IMF projects GDP growth of 5.4% for India


  • India second largest producer of pepper

  • No.1 in milk production

  • Among the world top producer of Tea

  • Largest coconut producer in world is India

  • Second largest producer of fish

  • Green Revolution a success in rice and wheat

  • India lags behind in production of pulses, oil seeds

  • 11th plan aims at 4% GDP growth rate in agriculture


  • Nandan Nilekani Chairman of Unique Identification Authority (UIA)

  • C. Rangarajan Chairman of Prime Ministers Economic Advisory Council

  • Angela Markel re-elected Chancellor of Germany

  • Mohan Bhagwat new chief of RSS

  • Iran’s President Md. Ahmedinejad denies truth of Holocaust

  • Col. Gadaffi’s marathon speech in UNO

  • President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela wins referendum

  • Ramesh Pokhariyal new Chief Minister of Uttarakhand

  • R. K. Pachauri head of TERI and IGPCC


  • Nobel Prize - Chemistry for Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Indian American)

  • Nobel Literature - Herta Muller (Romania)

  • Deep Joshi - Magsaysay Award, 2009

  • 2009 Man Booker Prize - Hilary Mantel, (UK)

  • 2009 Man Booker International Prize - Alice Munro (Canada)


  • Castrol 2009 Cricket of Year - Gautam Gambhir

  • 2016 Olympics - Rio De Janiero

  • 2010 FIFA World Cup - South Africa

  • 2014 FIFA World Cup - Brazil

  • 2012 Olympics - London

  • 2011 World Cup Cricket - India / Sri Lanka / Bangladesh

  • 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games

  • 2010 Delhi World Cup Hockey

Important government programmes
Important Government Programmes

  • National Highway Development Programme (NHDP), largest Highway Development Programme ever in India

  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP) target group the rural poor

  • Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) proposed by former President Abdul Kalam

  • Swarna Jayanti Gramin Swarojgar Yojana (SJSY) replaces Integrated Rural Development Programme

  • Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) 1985 covers Diphteria, Pertusis, Tetanus, Polio,& Tuberculosis

  • Integrated Child Development Programme (ICDP)

  • Bharat Nirman - Rural infrastructure

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) - Urban infrastructure

  • Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP) big boost to power production