Venezuela By: MaricelaDones
Population • Venezuela has a population of about 27.22 million • Venezuela’s population increases by 1.5 percent every year • The majority of people are European and indigenous or black heritage • About 10 percent of the population is black
Population continued.. • Caracas, the capital of Venezuela has almost 5 million inhabitants • Venezuela is the most urbanized country in South America • Maracaibo, Valencia, and Maracay are Venezuela’s major cities • A little part of the populations is made up of indigenous peoples.
Language • They have a variety of languages that they speak and its mostly indigenous people • Spanish is the most common speaking language in Venezuela • It’s spoken by everyone except indigenous people that live in the remote areas.
Language continued.. • Many phrases that they use are Chévere which means “cool” or “very well” Estarpelado (to be bald) Estarlimpio (to be clean) • Some others are, Ponerselaspilas (to insert batteries) or “to be aware” or “watch out” Dejar el Pelero (leave the hair) • In highschool English is required. • The Spanish spoken in Venezuela is known for its many unique words and phrases
Religion • Many of the people are mostly Catholics because it is deeply ingrained in the culture • In the constitution religious freedom is guaranteed • Over 95 percent of the population is Roman Catholic
Religion continued.. • Protestants and other Christian faiths are becoming more widespread or common • Many Venezuelans that are Catholics don’t attend church services constantly. • They are less religious then other Latin Americans. • The Roman Catholic Church has historically had a large voice in government
Gestures • Gestures are usually used for communication • Venezuelans normally use their hands during conversations to communicate • One example is, when someone asks for the price of an item or request payment you can rub your thumb and index finger together while rotating the palm up. • It’s rude to pass when individuals are having a conversation • People more than usual offer their seats to the elderly on public transportation
Greetings • Men greet their close friends with a hug • Women greet with a kiss on the cheek and hug • A firm handshake is a common greeting • Venezuelans stand closer than people in the United States when conversing • Common greetings: Buenos Dias (Good morning), Buenastardes (Good afternoon) Buenasnoches
Greetings continued.. • Venezuela’s holidays include: New Year’s day, Ash Wednesday, Easter, Independence Day (19th of April), day of Workers (1st of May), battle of Carabobo (24th of June), Independence Day (5th of July) Simon Bolivar’s Birthday 24th of July) Christmas Eve, Christmas, Day of Indigenous Resistance (formerly Columbus Day, 12th of Oct. • Cities and towns hold annual festivals or as they call them ferias honoring their local patron saint. • During each holiday, the statues of the father of Venezuela, Simon Bolivar is decorated with colorful wreaths
Holidays • Venezuela’s holidays include: New Year’s day, Ash Wednesday, Easter, Independence Day (19th of April), day of Workers (1st of May), battle of Carabobo (24th of June), Independence Day (5th of July) Simon Bolivar’s Birthday 24th of July) Christmas Eve, Christmas, Day of Indigenous Resistance (formerly Columbus Day, 12th of Oct. • Cities and towns hold annual festivals or as they call them ferias honoring their local patron saint. • During each holiday, the statues of the father of Venezuela, Simon Bolivar is decorated with colorful wreaths
Food • The main meal of the day is lunch • Families traditionally eat together • Several Venezuelans eat in the continental style • Others use the more common style like in the United States
Sports/Recreational • Baseball is the most popular sport and basketball follows it • Soccer isn’t a very popular sport as it is in other Latin American countries. • Venezuelans enjoy watching horse racing and bullfighting • For their entertainment, Venezuelans like to go dancing, to movies, or to cultural events. • Taking vacations to the beaches or the mountains is common
Dating and marriage • Young people enjoy socializing and choosing their companions • Dating and courtship traditions are similar to those in other Western countries • Usually most weddings include two marriage ceremonies (civil ceremony for legal recognition and an optional religious ceremony) • The religious ceremony is an important part of the Venezuelan culture • Divorce has become common, and more unmarried couples are living together instead of getting married
Dance/Art/Music • The Red Devils of Yare and the national dance Joropo is two of the most important dance forms that are very popular in Venezuela. The music and the dance are an essential part that defines the customs, traditions, and the culture of Venezuela. The American pop is also popular in Venezuela but it is more for the younger generation.